U.S. flag An official website of the United States government
  1. Home
  2. Animal & Veterinary
  3. Products
  4. Animal Food & Feeds
  5. Food Safety Modernization Act and Animal Food
  1. Animal Food & Feeds

Food Safety Modernization Act and Animal Food

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the most sweeping reform of our food safety laws in more than 70 years, was signed into law by President Obama on January 4, 2011. FSMA aims to ensure the U.S. food supply is safe by shifting the focus from responding to contamination of the food supply to preventing it. The law applies to human food as well as to food for animals, including pets. FDA’s FSMA page contains complete information about the implementation of the law, and the intent of this page is to highlight the FSMA content that will be of most interest to manufacturers and distributors of animal food. Please go to the Safe Feed page for additional, specific information about the regulation of animal feed.


What's New - Deadline for Eligible Animal Food Facilities to Submit Qualified Facility Attestations Approaching

October 10, 2019

Facilities that meet the definition of a “qualified facility” under the Preventive Controls for Animal Food (PC Animal Food) rule and that began manufacturing, processing, packing, or holding animal food before September 17, 2019 must submit an attestation form to FDA by December 16, 2019.

A facility that is a very small business is a qualified facility as defined in the PC Animal Food rule. Generally speaking, a very small business is one whose average annual sales of animal food plus the market value of animal food that is manufactured, processed, packed or held without sale during the previous three-year period is less than $2,500,000. 

Qualified facilities are required to comply with the Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) requirements found in 21 CFR part 507, subpart B (and related requirements in subparts A and F).  However, qualified facilities are exempt from the preventive controls requirements of the rule and instead have modified requirements.  These modified requirements include submission of  Form FDA 3942b, attesting that they meet the financial requirements to be a qualified facility and attesting that they are either:

  • Addressing identified hazards through preventive controls and monitoring the preventive controls; or
  • Complying with applicable non-federal food safety laws (including state food safety laws) and notifying consumers of the name and complete business address of the facility where the animal food was manufactured or processed. 

Qualified facilities are required to maintain the records they rely on to support the attestations they make on Form FDA 3942b but those records do not have to be submitted to FDA along with the attestation. 

If a qualified facility fails to notify FDA of its status by submitting its attestation form (Form FDA 3942b), FDA will inspect for all of the requirements found in the PC Animal Food regulation (part 507), including the preventive control requirements found in 21 CFR part 507, subparts C and E (with related requirements in subparts A and F). 

Facilities that began manufacturing, processing, packing, or holding animal food before September 17, 2019 must submit their attestation by December 16, 2019.  Facilities that begin manufacturing, processing, packing or holding animal food after September 17, 2019 must submit their attestation before beginning operations. Beginning in 2020, attestation forms must be submitted to FDA every 2 years between October 1 and December 31, which is in conjunction with the requirement for biennial food facility registration renewal. 

For More Information 

FDA Publishes List of Records Required Under FSVP

October 7, 2019

The Foreign Supplier Verification Programs (FSVP) final rule, established through the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), requires importers to verify that the food they are importing into the United States has been produced in a manner that meets applicable U.S. food safety standards.

To do this, importers are required to develop, implement, and maintain a Foreign Supplier Verification Program which includes verification activities and records of those activities for each imported food from each foreign supplier. During an FSVP inspection, the FDA investigator will review the importer’s records to determine their compliance with the FSVP regulation. To help importers determine the FSVP records they should develop and maintain, the FDA has made available a list of records required by the FSVP regulation.

This list of records is organized based on the sections of the FSVP regulation so that importers can readily determine the required records for the sections that apply to them.  Importers should note that not every record on the list will be applicable to them, so they will need to determine whether they are subject to an exemption, standard FSVP requirements, or modified FSVP requirements.


Overview of FSMA
Fees
Imports
Inspection & Compliance
Preventive Standards
Progress Reports
Small Business
Additional Information


Overview of FSMA

Compliance Dates

FDA-TRACK: Food Safety Dashboard

Fact Sheet – Enforcement Discretion for Certain FSMA Provisions

FSMA Inflation Adjusted Cut Offs

The major elements of the law can be divided into five key areas:

  • Preventive controls - For the first time, FDA has a legislative mandate to require comprehensive, prevention-based controls across the food supply.
  • Inspection and Compliance - The legislation recognizes that inspection is an important means of holding industry accountable for its responsibility to produce safe food; thus, the law specifies how often FDA should inspect food producers. FDA is committed to applying its inspection resources in a risk-based manner and adopting innovative inspection approaches.
  • Imported Food Safety - FDA has new tools to ensure that those imported foods meet U.S. standards and are safe for our consumers. For example, for the first time, importers must verify that their foreign suppliers have adequate preventive controls in place to ensure safety, and FDA will be able to accredit qualified third-party auditors to certify that foreign food facilities are complying with U.S. food safety standards.
  • Response - For the first time, FDA will have mandatory recall authority for all food products. FDA expects that it will only need to invoke this authority infrequently since the food industry largely honors our requests for voluntary recalls.
  • Enhanced Partnerships - The legislation recognizes the importance of strengthening existing collaboration among all food safety agencies—U.S. federal, State, local, territorial, tribal and foreign--to achieve our public health goals. For example, it directs FDA to improve training of State, local, territorial and tribal food safety officials. 

Back to the top


Fees

Although FSMA does not require a registration fee to be paid by registered facilities and there is no fee for an initial FDA inspection, FSMA authorizes FDA to assess and collect fees related to certain domestic food facility, foreign food facility, and importer reinspection. The fee for reinspection is to cover reinspection-related costs when an initial inspection has identified certain food safety problems.

These fees affect only those parties in the food and feed industry whose non-compliance results in the following activities:

  • Facility reinspection – follow-up inspections conducted by FDA subsequent to a previous facility inspection that identified noncompliance materially related to a food safety requirement of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). The reinspection must be conducted specifically to determine that compliance has been achieved.

  • Recalls – food recall activities performed by FDA that are associated with a recall order with which a responsible party has not complied.

  • Importer reinspection - follow-up inspections of a food offered for import conducted by FDA subsequent to a previous inspection that identified noncompliance materially related to a food safety requirement of the FD&C Act. The reinspection must be conducted specifically to determine that compliance has been achieved. As discussed in F.2.2., these fees will not be assessed until the agency has resolved issues associated with these fees and the public has been notified by the agency. 

FDA announced in a Federal Register notice the fiscal year 2020 (October 1, 2019 through September 30, 2020) fee schedule.

As stated in FDA’s September 2011 Guidance for Industry: Implementation of the Fee Provisions of Section 107 of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, because FDA recognizes that for some small businesses the full cost recovery of FDA reinspection or recall oversight could impose severe economic hardship, FDA intends to consider reducing certain fees for those firms. FDA is currently developing a guidance document to outline the process through which firms may request such a reduction of fees. FDA does not intend to issue invoices for reinspection or recall order fees until this guidance document has been published. 

For facility reinspection fees, FDA will invoice the responsible party for each domestic facility and the United States Agent for each foreign facility for the direct hours, including travel, spent to perform the reinspection at the appropriate hourly rate. For recall order fees, FDA will invoice the responsible party for each domestic facility or an importer who does not comply with a recall order under sections 423 or 412 of the Act for the hours spent to cover food recall activities associated with such order. For importer reinspection fees, FDA will invoice the importer for the direct hours spent to perform the reinspection including travel. Detailed payment information will be included in the invoice.

More about Fees

Back to the top


Imports

The following are among FDA’s key new import authorities and mandates. Specific implementation dates specified in the law are noted in parentheses:

Guidance for Industry: Prior Notice of Imported Foods Questions and Answers (Edition 3)

Guidance for Industry: FDA's Voluntary Qualified Importer Program

Draft Guidance for Industry: Refusal of Inspection by a Foreign Food Establishment or Foreign Government

Back to the top


Inspection & Compliance

FSMA provides FDA with important new tools for inspection and compliance. Specific implementation dates specified in the law are noted in parentheses:

  • Mandated inspection frequency: The FSMA establishes a mandated inspection frequency, based on risk, for food facilities and requires the frequency of inspection to increase immediately. All high-risk domestic facilities must be inspected within five years of enactment and no less than every three years thereafter. Within one year of enactment, the law directs FDA to inspect at least 600 foreign facilities and double those inspections every year for the next five years.
  • Records access: FDA will have access to records, including industry food safety plans and the records firms will be required to keep documenting implementation of their plans. 
  • Testing by accredited laboratories: The FSMA requires certain food testing to be carried out by accredited laboratories and directs FDA to establish a program for laboratory accreditation to ensure that U.S. food testing laboratories meet high-quality standards. (Establishment of accreditation program due two years after enactment)

Administrative Detention

The changes made by FSMA to the criteria for administrative detention in the FD&C Act further strengthened FDA’s ability to prevent potentially unsafe food from entering commerce. Under the new criteria, FDA can order an administrative detention if the agency has reason to believe that an article of food is adulterated or misbranded. Prior to FSMA, FDA could order an administrative detention if it had credible evidence or information that the food presented a threat of serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals.

Guidance for Industry: What You Need to Know About Administrative Detention of Foods; Small Entity Compliance Guide

Criteria Used to Order Administrative Detention of Food for Human or Animal Consumption; Final Rule

Registration

Guidance for Industry: Questions and Answers Regarding Food Facility Registration (Seventh Edition)

Draft Guidance for Industry: Supplemental Questions and Answers Regarding Food Facility Registration

Guidance for FDA Staff: Draft Compliance Guide Section 100.250 Food Facility Registration - Human and Animal Food (pdf - 9 pages)

Amendments to Registration of Food Facilities

Guidance for Industry: Necessity of the Use of Food Product Categories in Food Facility Registrations and Updates to Food Product Categories

Back to the top


Preventive Standards

For the first time, FDA will have a legislative mandate to require comprehensive, science-based preventive controls across the food supply, including mandatory preventive controls for food facilities. Food facilities are required to implement a written preventive controls plan. This involves: (1) evaluating the hazards that could affect food safety, (2) specifying what preventive steps, or controls, will be put in place to significantly minimize or prevent the hazards, (3) specifying how the facility will monitor these controls to ensure they are working, (4) maintaining routine records of the monitoring, and (5) specifying what actions the facility will take to correct problems that arise.

FDA is expressly authorized to modify the preventive controls requirements for facilities that are solely engaged in the production of animal foods or to exempt those facilities entirely from the preventive controls requirements.

FSMA Final Rule for Preventive Controls for Animal Food

Guidance for Industry #245: Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Food for Animals

Guidance for Industry #246: Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Food for Animals: Supply-Chain Program

Webinar on Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Food for Animals Draft Guidance

Guidance for Industry: Policy Regarding Certain Entities Subject to the Current Good Manufacturing Practice and Preventive Controls, Produce Safety, and/or Foreign Supplier Verification Programs

Guidance for Industry: Current Good Manufacturing Practice Requirements for Food for Animals

Draft Guidance for Industry: Application of the “Solely Engaged” Exemptions in Parts 117 and 507

Guidance for Industry: Supply-Chain Program Requirements and Co-Manufacturer Supplier Approval and Verification for Human Food and Animal Food

Draft Guidance for Industry: Human Food By-Products for Use as Animal Food

Final Qualitative Risk Assessment - Risk of Activity/Animal Food Combinations for Activities (Outside the Farm Definition) Conducted in a Facility Co-Located on a Farm (pdf - 68 pages)

Draft Qualitative Risk Assessment - Risk of Activity/Animal Food Combinations for Activities (Outside the Farm Definition) Conducted in a Facility Co-Located on a Farm (pdf - 67 pages)

External Peer Review of the FDA/CVM Draft Qualitative Risk Assessment: Risk of Activity/Animal Food Combinations for Activities (Outside the Farm Definition) Conducted in a Facility Co-Located on a Farm (pdf - 45 pages)

Final Rule on Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food

Qualified Facility Attestation

Back to the top 


Small Business

The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) recognizes the role of small businesses in the food industry and provides for various ways to assist small businesses in meeting the new food safety requirements of the law. Specifically, for several key provisions, the law mandates “plain language” guidance documents and phased-in effective dates. These include:

Guidance for Industry: Determining the Number of Employees for Purposes of the “Small Business” Definition in Parts 117 and 507

More about Small Business

Back to the top


Additional Information

Back to the top