For Consumers


Menopause (sometimes called "the change of life") is a normal time in a woman's life when her period stops. During menopause, some women have problems like hot flashes, vaginal dryness and irritation, and thin bones. Some women choose to treat their symptoms with hormone medicines sometimes called Hormone Therapy.

Check the resources on this page to learn more about menopause and hormones. Then talk to your healthcare provider to find out what treatment is right for you.

Menopause and Hormones

  • There are different types of hormone medicines used during and after menopause:

    • Estrogen-only Medicines

    • Progestin-only Medicines

    • Combination Estrogen and Progestin Medicines

    • Combination Estrogen and Other Medicines

  • For some women, hormone therapy may increase their chances of getting blood clots, heart attacks, strokes, breast cancer, and gall bladder disease.

  • You should not take hormone therapy for menopause if you think you are pregnant, have problems with vaginal bleeding, have had certain kinds of cancers, have had a stroke or heart attack, have had blood clots or have liver disease.

  • You can get hormone medicines as a pill, patch, injection, gel, skin cream, skin spray, vaginal ring, vaginal cream, vaginal insert and vaginal tablet. 

  • Kids and pets can get sick if accidently exposed to your medicines.

Learn more about menopause and hormones:

Compounded Bio-Identical Hormones

Sellers of compounded "bio-identical" hormones often claim that their products are identical to hormones made by the body. They also claim that these products do not have the risks of other FDA approved hormone drugs for menopause. FDA believes that the benefits and risks of bio-identical hormones may be the same as other forms of hormone therapy.

  • Bio-Identical hormones may not be safer or more effective than FDA-approved menopause hormone therapy.

  • Bio-Identical hormones are not FDA approved.

Get the facts about compounded bio-identical hormones:

Questions to Ask Your Doctor

Make decisions about menopause and hormones with your doctor. Here are a few questions to get the conversation started.

  • Are hormones right for me? Why?

  • What are the benefits?

  • What are the serious risks and common side effects?

  • How long should I use hormone therapy?

  • What is the lowest dose that will work for me?

  • Are there any non-hormone medicines that I can take?


Page Last Updated: 06/14/2017
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