FDA requires reporting of certain deviations and unexpected events in manufacturing.
The manufacturer of a CDER-regulated product that holds the biological product license and had control over the product when a deviation or unexpected event associated with manufacturing occurred, is required to submit Biological Product Deviation Reports (BPDR) to FDA if the safety, purity, or potency of a distributed product may be affected. Per regulation 21 CFR 600.14, the manufacturer must report such events associated with testing, processing, packing, labeling, storage, holding, or distribution.
A manufacturer is required to report these deviations and unexpected events to the FDA as soon as possible, but not later than 45 calendar days from the date of discovery of information that reasonably suggests a reportable event has occurred. For more information on when and what to report, refer to: Biological Product Deviation Reporting for Licensed Manufacturers of Biological Products Other than Blood and Blood Components; Guidance for Industry.
Reports should be submitted to CDERDQRSREPORTS@fda.hhs.gov using FDA Form 3486. To facilitate prompt processing of all incoming BPDRs, CDER strongly recommends that all information relevant to the BPDR be submitted in the FDA Form 3486. This should include the initial submission and all subsequent follow up or final submissions. Custom reports attached to FDA Form 3486 or any submissions without FDA form 3486 is discouraged. Please refer to General Recommendations for Completing CDER-Regulated Biological Product Deviation Report (BPDR) and General Instructions for Form FDA 3486.
Though the electronic form is strongly encouraged, the form can also be mailed to:
Food and Drug Administration, CDER
Office of Pharmaceutical Quality
Office of Quality Surveillance
Attn: CDER DQRS Reports – BPDR Assessment
10903 New Hampshire Ave. Bldg. 75, Rm 6654
Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002
For BPDRs for products regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), such as allergenics, derivatives, in-vitro diagnostics, vaccines, and nonreproductive human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue‑based products, refer to the CBER BPDR website.
For combination products that are regulated as BLAs at CDER, you should submit any BPDRs to CDER at CDERDQRSREPORTS@fda.hhs.gov using FDA Form 3486. However, there are some unique considerations for combination products and the information that should be submitted. For additional information on BPDRs for combination products, refer to Postmarket Safety Reporting for Combination Products guidance.
Questions regarding BPDRs to CDER should be directed to: CDERDQRSREPORTS@fda.hhs.gov.
For general information please see CDER - Biological Product Deviations.
A list of licensed non-blood biological product deviation (BPD) codes and a list of therapeutics product codes are used to report BPDRs for CDER-regulated biologics.
The list of licensed non-blood biological product deviation codes are used to categorize the deviation or unexpected event for CDER-regulated biologics, and the full deviation code list should be considered when choosing a deviation code that best represents the defect. When reporting similar defects in multiple reports, the same code should be selected.
Biological Product Deviation Codes: Biological Product Deviation Reporting and HCT/P Deviation Reporting - Deviation Codes
Non-blood therapeutics product codes are used to identify CDER-regulated biologics impacted. The use of these codes will assist the FDA in analyzing the data submitted and in trend analysis.
Non-blood product codes: Biological Product Deviation Reporting and HCT/P Deviation Reporting - Non-Blood Product Codes
It is recommended that a BPDR submitter review both licensed non-blood biological product deviation code and non-blood therapeutics product code pdf files and have them available when completing the form. Complete all sections that apply to your report.
CDER recommends that:
- One BPDR be submitted per Biological License Application (BLA) product impacted by the deviation;
- Wherever possible list BLA application information during reporting;
- Multiple lots of the same BLA product impacted by the same deviation be reported in one BPDR;
- Multiple complaints with similar root cause for one BLA product be reported in one BPDR provided that these complaints were received within 45 calendar days from the date of discovery;
- Wherever possible, indicate in the initial report whether additional follow-up or final reports are expected.
Corrective and preventative actions and root cause investigations reported in BPDRs should contain the most up-to-date information to help the FDA understand the impact and scope of the reported deviations. Providing this information expeditiously will minimize the necessity for information requests during review process.
To facilitate Biological Product Deviation (BPD) reporting, FDA has developed a standardized reporting form that may be submitted electronically via e-mail or in paper format by mail to CDER. Form FDA 3486 is organized into 4 main sections:
- Facility Information
- Biological Product Deviation (BPD) Information
- Unit / Product Information
- Additional Comments
Each main section is organized into several numerical sub-sections.
The reporting establishment is the establishment that had control over the distributed product at the time the defect occurred.
- A BPD that occurs at one of several locations of a licensed establishment may be reported by the headquarters location. However, the reporting establishment for the reported BPDR should be the location that had control over the product at the time the defect occurred.
- A BPD that occurs at a contract manufacturing site (e.g., test laboratory, filling facility), should be reported by the license holder of the product.
Reporting Establishment Information
Enter the Reporting Establishment's name and address.
Enter the following information in the event we need more information or need to contact you:
- Point of Contact: Name of the person who is the point of contact for the report.
- Telephone: Enter the telephone number of the person who is the point of contact.
- E-mail: Enter the e-mail address of the person who is the point of contact.
Reporting Establishment Identification Number
You must enter a valid registration number.
Registration Number - FDA Establishment Identifier (FEI) assigned to your facility. To obtain your FEI number, please visit the FDA’s FEI Search Portal. This portal will allow you to look up your own FEI number(s) and obtain your registration information. There is no charge to create an account. If you have difficulty accessing your information via the portal, you may contact: email@example.com
If the BPD occurred somewhere other than the above facility, please complete Section A3 and Section A4 in Form FDA 3486, otherwise proceed to Section B1.
Enter the Establishment's name and address.
Establishment Identification Number: Enter the Establishment Identification - Registration number.
- Establishment Tracking Number - Your establishment's internal tracking number to identify individual reports. This number can consist of no more than 25 numbers and/or characters. The tracking number should not be your establishment identification number. It should be a unique identifier for each report. Your system of assigning tracking numbers should not allow for duplicate numbers. FDA uses this number to identify follow up reports and link these subsequent reports with the initial report in our system. If your system assigned separate number for tasks such as CAPA in addition to the initial investigation, include the initial establishment tracking number submitted in initial report in all subsequent reports. Additional establishment tracking numbers should be entered in section B7 Follow-up.
- Date BPD Occurred - The date the deviation or unexpected event occurred. Please enter using the format mm/dd/yyyy.
- Date BPD Discovered - The date the deviation or unexpected event was discovered. The date discovered is the date you acquire information reasonably suggesting that a reportable event has occurred. If the event occurred at your contractor site, the date of discovery is when the contractor learns about the deviation or unexpected event. Please enter using the format mm/dd/yyyy.
- Date BPD Reported - The date the report is completed. Please enter using the format mm/dd/yyyy.
- Description of BPD - Describe the event in detail, including description of what happened and a summary of all relevant information (e.g., labeling, test results, etc.). Do not include any confidential information, such as patient or employee names. Use page 2 for additional space.
- Description of Contributing Factors or Root Cause - Describe all contributing factors or root causes of the deviation or unexpected event. Please indicate, if after the investigation, a root cause cannot be determined. Use page 3 for additional space.
- Follow-up - Describe the intended short term and long-term follow-up action plans, if applicable. You do not have to implement the corrective actions identified at the time of filing this report. Use page 4 for additional space.
- Please Enter the 6-character BPD Code: Enter the code from list of BPD Codes for licensed non-blood products in Biological Product Deviation Reporting and HCT/P Deviation Reporting - Deviation Codes that best describes the BPD. Use the Non-Blood Deviation Codes for CDER BPDs.
The non-blood BPD Code is made up of three levels:
(XX) identifies the system affected in which there was a breakdown or failure, resulting in the distribution of an unsuitable product. Use the appropriate guidance document for determining the system affected.
BPD Code | XX | - | | - | |
For non-Blood Products the systems include:
IM – Incoming Material Specifications
PC – Process Controls
TE – Testing
LA – Labeling
PS – Product Specifications
QC – Quality Control and Distribution
(YY) of the code is a subset of the system affected.
(ZZ) contains more detailed information regarding the BPD. Select the code that most closely describes the deviation or unexpected event (see list of BPD Codes for licensed non-blood products in Biological Product Deviation Reporting and HCT/P Deviation Reporting - Deviation Codes). If you cannot determine the appropriate code, enter question marks. For example ??-??-?? or LA-??-??. However, a selected code is strongly encouraged.
BPD Code | XX | - | YY | - | ZZ |
Check the type of product: Check either Blood or Non-Blood to identify the type of product potentially affected by the BPD. All CDER-regulated biologics are non-blood products and Section C1 in form FDA 3486 should be N/A. All blood products are regulated by CBER.
Blood Product - includes products manufactured by blood and plasma establishments, such as whole blood, red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, platelets, and plasma for further manufacture and Source Plasma.
Non-Blood Product - includes products manufactured by a facility other than blood establishments, such as vaccines, therapeutics, allergenics, in-vitro diagnostics, plasma derivatives, and HCT/Ps.
Total Number of Lots: Enter the total number of distributed lots potentially affected by the BPD.
For each lot provide the following:
Lot # - lot number of the product.
Expiration Date - the date the product expires.
Product Type - major category of products:
Therapeutics is the only type regulated by CDER.
Regulated by CBER:
Gene Therapy Products
Product Code- Use the list of specific non-blood product codes in Biological Product Deviation Reporting and HCT/P Deviation Reporting - Non-Blood Product Codes.
Disposition - provide the disposition of the product using the following list - DO NOT list any products that were not distributed. Valid dispositions are:
- Destroyed by consignee - product distributed and destroyed by consignee.
- Distributed - product distributed, information regarding final disposition not available at time of reporting.
- Expired - product distributed and is now expired, no other information available.
- Returned and destroyed - product distributed, returned to manufacturer and destroyed.
- Returned and reworked - product distributed, returned to manufacturer and reworked according to an appropriate procedure.
- Sent to distributor - product distributed to a facility outside of your control for further distribution.
- Other - if other is selected, please explain in Additional Comments
Notification - provide either “yes” or “no” to identify whether consignee was notified.
Use this section to further explain any additional information or product information, such as product code, product disposition, or notification. If multiple lots have the same information (i.e., expiration date, product code, disposition, and notification) enter the information for the first lot number and list the additional lot numbers in this section. If more than 18 lots were potentially affected, enter the product information for the first 18 units and enter the remaining unit numbers in this section.
- CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 CFR 600.14, Reporting of biological product deviations by licensed manufacturers.
- FDA FORM 3486 Biological Product Deviation Report (PDF - 421KB)
- Biological Product Deviation Reporting and HCT/P Deviation Reporting - Deviation Codes
- Biological Product Deviation Reporting and HCT/P Deviation Reporting - Non-Blood Product Codes
- Biological Product Deviation Reporting for Licensed Manufacturers of Biological Products Other than Blood and Blood Components; Guidance for Industry
- Postmarketing Safety Reporting for Combination Products | FDA
- CBER - Biological Product Deviations
- Privacy Act