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  8. Fang Liu
  1. Science & Research (NCTR)

Staff Fellow — Division of Neurotoxicology

Dr. Fang Liu
Fang Liu, Ph.D.

(870) 543-7121

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About  |  Publications  |  Lab Members


Dr. Fang Liu received a bachelor’s degree in clinical medicine and a master’s degree in medicine from Hebei Medical University, China. She then earned a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences from the University of Montreal, Canada. Dr. Liu was a faculty member at the Hebei Medical University in China for approximately 10 years. She began working as a staff fellow in the Division of Neurotoxicology at NCTR after completing her post-doctoral training at NCTR. She has been actively involved in biomedical research and has been an author and co-author on more than 50 peer-reviewed scientific articles and book chapters in areas such as toxicology, molecular biology, histology and pathology, and genomics.

Research Interests

Dr. Liu has been working on understanding the adverse effects of chemical exposures on the central and peripheral nervous system. Currently, there is public concern as to whether general anesthetics can cause adverse effects on pediatric patients. To support FDA’s mission to properly regulate the use of general anesthetics in young children, Dr. Liu focuses her research on understanding the effects of general anesthetics on the developing central nervous system, using various models. In recent years, she has employed neural stem cells which can recapitulate many important developmental procedures of the brain in vitro to study the developmental neurotoxicity of general anesthetics.

Professional Societies/National and International Groups

Arkansas Neural Stem Cell Coalition
2011 – Present

Society for Neuroscience (and the Arkansas Chapter of the Society for Neuroscience)
2011 – Present

Society of Toxicology
2011 – Present


Selected Publications

In Vivo Monitoring of Sevoflurane-Induced Adverse Effects in Neonatal Nonhuman Primates Using Small-Animal Positron Emission Tomography.
Zhang X., Liu S., Newport G.D., Paule M.G., Callicott R., Thompson J., Liu F., Patterson T.A., Berridge M.S., Apana S.M., Brown C.C., Maisha M.P., Hanig J.P., Slikker W. Jr., and Wang C.
Anesthesiology. 2016, 125(1): 133-46.

Relationship between Ketamine-Induced Developmental Neurotoxicity and NMDA Receptor-Mediated Calcium Influx in Neural Stem Cell-Derived Neurons.
Wang C., Liu F., Patterson T.A., Paule M.G., and Slikker W. Jr.
Neurotoxicology. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.neuro.2016.04.015.

Potential Adverse Effects of Prolonged Sevoflurane Exposure on Developing Monkey Brain: From Abnormal Lipid Metabolism to Neuronal Damage.
Liu F., Rainosek S.W., Frisch-Daiello J.L., Patterson T.A., Paule M.G., Slikker W. Jr., Wang C., and Han X.
Toxicol Sci. 2015, 147(2): 562-72

Ketamine-Induced Toxicity in Neurons Differentiated from Neural Stem Cells.
Slikker W. Jr., Liu F., Rainosek S.W., Patterson T.A., Sadovova N., Hanig J.P., Paule M.G., and Wang C.
Mol Neurobiol. 2015, 52(2): 959-69.

Mechanisms of Tolvaptan-Induced Toxicity in HepG2 Cells.
Wu Y., Beland F.A., Chen S., Liu F., Guo L., and Fang J.L.
Biochem Pharmacol. 2015, 95(4): 324-36.

Effects of Silver Nanoparticles on Human and Rat Embryonic Neural Stem Cells.
Liu F., Mahmood M., Xu Y., Watanabe F., Biris A.S., Hansen D.K., Inselman A., Casciano D., Patterson T.A., Paule M.G., Slikker W. Jr., and Wang C.
Front Neurosci. 2015, 9: 115.

The Role of Autophagy in Usnic Acid-Induced Toxicity in Hepatic Cells.
Chen S., Dobrovolsky V.N., Liu F., Wu Y., Zhang Z., Mei N., and Guo L.
Toxicol Sci. 2014, 142(1): 33-44.

Protective Effect of Acetyl-L-Carnitine on Propofol-Induced Toxicity in Embryonic Neural Stem Cells.
Liu F., Rainosek S.W., Sadovova N., Fogle C.M., Patterson T.A., Hanig J.P., Paule M.G., Slikker W. Jr., and Wang C.
Neurotoxicology. 2014, 42: 49-57.

Utilization of Neural Stem Cell-Derived Models to Study Anesthesia-Related Toxicity and Preventative Approaches.
Wang C., Liu F., Patterson T.A., Paule M.G., Slikker W. Jr.
Mol Neurobiol. 2013, 48(2): 302-7.

Ketamine-Induced Neuronal Damage and Altered N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Function in Rat Primary Forebrain Culture.
Liu F., Patterson T.A., Sadovova N., Zhang X., Liu S., Zou X., Hanig J.P., Paule M.G., Slikker W. Jr., and Wang C.
Toxicol Sci. 2013, 131(2): 548-57.

Phototoxicity of Kava - Formation of Reactive Oxygen Species Leading to Lipid Peroxidation and DNA Damage.
Xia Q., Chiang H.M., Zhou Y.T., Yin J.J., Liu F., Wang C., Guo L., and Fu P.P.
Am J Chin Med. 2012, 40(6): 1271-88.

Inhalation Anesthetic-Induced Neuronal Damage in the Developing Rhesus Monkey.
Zou X., Liu F., Zhang X., Patterson T.A., Callicott R., Liu S., Hanig J.P., Paule M.G., Slikker W. Jr., and Wang C.
Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2011, 33(5): 592-7.

Changes in Gene Expression after Phencyclidine Administration in Developing Rats: A Potential Animal Model for Schizophrenia.
Liu F., Zou X., Sadovova N., Zhang X., Shi L., Guo L., Qian F., Wen Z., Patterson T.A., Hanig J.P.,  Paule M.G., Slikker W. Jr., and Wang C.
Int J Dev Neurosci. 2011, 29(3):351-8.

Ketamine Anesthesia during the First Week of Life can Cause Long-Lasting Cognitive Deficits in Rhesus Monkeys.
Paule M.G., Li M., Allen R.R., Liu F., Zou X., Hotchkiss C., Hanig J.P., Patterson T.A., Slikker W. Jr., and Wang C.
Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2011, 33(2): 220-30.

Ketamine-Induced Neurotoxicity and Changes in Gene Expression in the Developing Rat Brain.
Liu F., Paule M.G., Ali S., and Wang C.
Curr Neuropharmacol. 2011, 9(1): 256-61.

Anesthetic-Induced Oxidative Stress and Potential Protection.
Wang C., Zhang X., Liu F., Paule M.G., and Slikker W. Jr.
ScientificWorldJournal. 2010, 10: 1473-82.


Lab Members

Contact information for all lab members:
(870) 543-7121

C. Matthew Fogle, B.S.
Research Biologist

Shuliang Liu, Ph.D.
Visiting Scientist


Contact Information
Fang Liu
(870) 543-7121
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