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  1. FDA Basics

Fact Sheet: FDA at a Glance

Download the printer-friendly Fact Sheet: FDA at a Glance (PDF - 1.2 MB)

October 2019

FDA-Regulated Products and Facilities

  • FDA is responsible for the oversight of more than $2.6 trillion in consumption of food, medical products, and tobacco.
  • FDA-regulated products account for about 20 cents of every dollar spent by U.S. consumers.
  • FDA regulates about 77 percent of the U.S. food supply. This includes everything we eat except for meat, poultry, and some egg products.
  • There are over 20,000 prescription drug products approved for marketing.
  • FDA oversees over 6,500 different medical device product categories.
  • There are over 1,600 FDA-approved animal drug products.
  • There are about 400 FDA-licensed biologics products.
  • FDA oversees over 85,000 tobacco products, not including e-liquids. The estimated number of regulated products is continually assessed for accuracy and reliability.

FDA-Registered Facilities

Program Domestic Foreign Total
Animal Drugs 1,608 1,156 2,764
Animal Food 17,259 6,859 24,154
Biologics 4,832 439 5,271
Human Drugs 3,647 4,159 7,806
Human Food 80,525 108,998 189,523
Medical Devices 13,790 12,891 26,681
Tobacco 3,371 0 3,371
Total 125,032 134,538 259,570
  • FDA regulations cover about 35,000 produce farms, 300,000 restaurant chain establishments, and 10,500 vending machine operators.
  • FDA products are manufactured or handled at nearly 270,000 registered facilities, more than half of which are overseas.
  • About 80 percent of active pharmaceutical ingredients manufacturers are located outside of the U.S.
  • FDA-regulated products account for 13 percent of U.S. imports and 19 percent of U.S. exports.

U.S. Imports and Exports by FDA Program

Program Imports
($Billions)
Exports
($Billions)
Animal Food $2.40 $4.97
Biologics $20.04 $19.02
Human and Animal Drugs $77.88 $29.74
Human Food and Cosmetics $130.63 $121.36
Medical Devices $55.09 $42.32
Tobacco $1.41 $1.16
FDA Total $287.45 $218.57
USA Total $2,186.79 $1,451.46
  • About 70 percent of biologics sales are imports.
  • About 53 percent of fresh fruit, 29 percent of vegetables, and 93 percent of seafood consumption by volume are imports.
  • About 35 percent of medical devices used in this country are imports.
  • About 4 percent of animal product sales are imports.
  • About 3 percent of tobacco product sales are imports.

Program Funding

  • The FDA budget for FY 2019 is $5.7 billion.
  • About 55 percent, or $3.1 billion, of FDA’s budget is provided by federal budget authorization. The remaining 45 percent, or $2.6 billion, is paid for by industry user fees.
  • The FDA budget is equivalent to $9.63 per American per year.
  • The FDA budget includes 17,599 full time equivalents (FTEs).
  • The Tobacco Control Act Program is paid for entirely by industry user fees.

FY 2019 FDA Budget by Program (Total = $5.7 billion)

FY 2019 FDA Budget by Program (Total = $5.7 billion)

Notes: Infrastructure includes rent, rent related activities, FDA buildings and facilities, and White Oak consolidation. Other Programs includes Export Certification and Color Certification Fund.


  • Human Drugs regulatory activities account for 33 percent of FDA’s budget; 65 percent of these activities are paid for by industry user fees.
  • Devices and Radiological Health regulatory activities account for 10 percent of FDA’s budget; 33 percent of these activities are paid for by industry user fees.
  • Foods regulatory activities account for 19 percent of FDA’s budget; 1 percent of these activities are paid for by industry user fees.
  • Biologics regulatory activities account for 7 percent of FDA’s budget; 40 percent of these activities are paid for by industry user fees.
  • Animal Drugs and Feeds regulatory activities account for 4 percent of FDA’s budget; 20 percent of these activities are paid for by industry user fees.
  • Excluding tobacco user fees, federal budget authorization funds about 62 percent of FDA’s budget. The remaining 38 percent is paid for by industry user fees.

FY 2019 FDA Budget Appropriation

(click to enlarge graph)

FY 2019 FDA Budget Appropriation

FDA, an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, protects the public health by assuring the safety, effectiveness, and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products for human use, and medical devices. The agency also is responsible for the safety and security of our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements, and products that give off electronic radiation, and for regulating tobacco products.