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  1. Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness

Outbreak Investigation of Salmonella Enteritidis: Peaches (August 2020)

CDC declares outbreak over, FDA continues its investigation.

The FDA, along with CDC, Canadian, state and local partners, has been investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to peaches packed or supplied by Prima Wawona or Wawona Packing Company.

The multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to peaches from Prima Wawona that were sold in several regions of the United States and Canada, investigated by the FDA, along with CDC and Canadian, state, and local partners, is over. As of October 15, 2020, CDC reported a total of 101 cases across 17 states. This outbreak resulted in recalls of bagged and bulk, or loose, peaches packed or distributed by Prima Wawona. FDA also worked to publicly disclose international distribution of recalled product from Prima Wawona in an effort to facilitate the swift removal of all potentially affected product from the international market. More information about international distribution of the recalled product can be found in the previously published table below. FDA’s traceback investigation, which included 18 cases across eight states, identified multiple distributors, packing facilities, and orchards that supplied peaches during the time period of interest. Investigators from FDA, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) and the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) visited Wawona packing facilities and/or orchards that likely supplied peaches to Prima Wawona during the timeframe of interest. FDA’s traceback investigation is ongoing; however, the cause and source of the outbreak has not yet been determined.

Thus far, in an effort to investigate several possible pathways of contamination, FDA has completed over 570 product and environmental sample analyses from multiple facility locations and/or peach orchards, including environmental swabs, peaches and peach tree leaf samples. At this time, sample collection and analysis is underway related to additional peach orchards. A genetic match to the outbreak strain has yet to be identified in any of the samples collected, although a different serotype of Salmonella was detected in one sample collected and analyzed during the investigation. No peaches linked to the positive sample ever reached the marketplace. Although the outbreak is being declared over, FDA will continue its investigation and will communicate any findings that could assist future prevention efforts.

Available recall information is included below.

Recommendation

On August 22, 2020, Prima Wawona recalled bagged and bulk, or loose, peaches that they supplied to retailers nationwide.

The recalled products are now well beyond expiration and likely no longer on the market or in consumers’ homes. However, consumers who may have frozen the recalled bagged peaches packed or supplied by Prima Wawona from June 1, 2020 to August 19, 2020 or the recalled loose/bulk peaches packed or supplied by Prima Wawona from June 1, 2020 to August 3, 2020 should throw them away.

Investigation Update

October 15, 2020

FDA investigators, as well as California state officials, inspected four Prima Wawona cold storage and/or packing facilities identified through traceback. Investigators also collected environmental and/or product samples from identified facilities. All samples from these facilities were reported as negative for Salmonella.

FDA investigators also collected a sample of peach tree leaves and peaches. Four out of 40 subsamples of leaves and peaches collected from the orchard were reported positive for Salmonella; however, further analysis of the sample determined that the positive sample result did not match the outbreak strain and therefore does not explain the illnesses associated with this outbreak. Based on the positive Salmonella finding, Prima Wawona acted quickly to prevent potentially affected product from reaching the market.

Although CDC has declared that the outbreak is over, FDA will continue its investigation and is working with the firm to evaluate the efficacy of their food safety measures and develop corrective steps to prevent future contamination events. FDA will communicate any findings that could assist future prevention efforts.

Recall Information (Updated October 15, 2020)

Recalled Peaches

On August 22, 2020, Prima Wawona recalled bagged and bulk, or loose, peaches that they supplied to retailers nationwide.

The firm’s press states it is recalling “bulk/loose peaches distributed and sold from June 1 through August 3 and its bagged Wawona and Wawona Organic peaches distributed and sold from June 1 through August 19th because the products could possibly be contaminated with Salmonella.”

The bagged peaches were distributed and sold in supermarkets with the following product codes:

  • Wawona Peaches – 033383322001

  • Wawona Organic Peaches – 849315000400

  • Prima® Peaches – 766342325903

  • Organic Marketside Peaches – 849315000400

  • Kroger Peaches – 011110181749

  • Wegmans Peaches – 077890490488

For bagged peaches, the product codes may be found at the bottom of each package. All affected peaches may be found in stores nationwide.

Retailers that received recall product from Prima Wawona or Wawona Packing Company include, but are not limited to:

The bulk/loose peaches supplied by Prima Wawona are sold in grocery stores in a variety of formats, typically bins where consumers may select their own fruit and may have the following stickers with PLU numbers on them: 4037, 4038, 4044, 4401, 94037, 94038, 94044, 94401. Please note that not all peaches with these PLU codes are supplied by Prima Wawona. If you are unsure of the brand or variety of your loose peaches, you can contact your retailer or supplier, or throw them out.

Recalls have also been initiated by companies that sold peaches or products containing recalled peaches.

  • Russ Davis Wholesale
    • Recalling peach salsa and gift baskets made from recalled Prima Wawona peaches

Below is a list of consignees that the FDA had reason to believe received peaches from Prima Wawona that shipped or distributed to countries outside the United States. It is possible that this list may not include all such consignees who may have received the peaches. However, this list represents the best information currently available to the FDA:

 

Product Images

Outbreak Investigation of Salmonella Enteritidis in Bagged Peaches (August 2020) - Photos of Recalled Bagged Peaches

View larger images

Case Count Map Provided by CDC

Outbreak Investigation of Salmonella Enteritidis in Peaches - Case Count Map from CDC 10/14/2020

Case Counts

Total Illnesses: 101
Hospitalizations: 28
Deaths: 0
Last illness onset Date: August 27, 2020
States with Cases: CA, CT, IA, KS, KY, MD, MI, MN, MO, NJ, NY, OH, PA, VA, VT, WI
Product Distribution*: Nationwide


Previous Updates

August 28, 2020

As of August 28, 2020, Canada, Singapore, and New Zealand have issued recalls of Prima Wawona peaches. Information received by FDA indicates that recalled Wawona peaches were shipped to foreign consignees in Australia, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, and the United Arab Emirates. FDA is sharing distribution information directly with foreign food safety authorities in these jurisdictions.

FDA’s traceback investigation is working to identify the source of this ongoing outbreak, whether additional peaches are affected, and to determine if potentially contaminated product has been shipped to additional retailers.

August 27, 2020

On August 26, 2020, ALDI issued an expanded recall to include bagged and bulk, or loose peaches distributed to select stores in multiple states. On August 27, 2020, additional retailers were added to the list of recalls.

FDA’s traceback investigation is working to identify the source of this ongoing outbreak, whether additional peaches are affected, and to determine if potentially contaminated product has been shipped to additional retailers.

August 24, 2020

The FDA, along with CDC and state and local partners, is investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections.

On August 23, 2020, the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency issued public health and consumer advisories reporting cases in Canada associated with this outbreak and warning consumers to avoid eating recalled Prima Wawona peaches.

FDA's traceback investigation is working to identify the source of this ongoing outbreak, whether additional peaches are affected, and to determine if potentially contaminated product has been shipped to additional retailers.

August 22, 2020

The FDA, along with CDC and state and local partners, is investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections.

FDA and CDC presented existing epidemiological evidence to Prima Wawona and on August 21, 2020, Prima Wawona voluntarily recalled bagged Wawona-brand peaches distributed from June 1, 2020 until August 19, 2020 in multiple states. On August 22, 2020, the firm expanded that recall to include bulk, or loose, peaches distributed nationwide from June 1, 2020 until August 3, 2020.

FDA’s traceback investigation is working to identify the source of this ongoing outbreak, whether additional peaches are affected, and to determine if potentially contaminated product has been shipped to additional retailers.

August 21, 2020

The FDA, along with CDC and state and local partners, is investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteriditis infections. State officials from the Minnesota Department of Health reported that many of the people sick with the same strain of Salmonella Enteritidis, confirmed by Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS), had purchased Wawona-brand bagged peaches from ALDI prior to becoming ill.

In its recall press release, issued on August 19, 2020, ALDI reported that potentially affected bagged peaches were shipped to at least CT, FL, IA, IL, KY, MA, MD, MI, MN, ND, NH, NY, OH, PA, RI, SD, VA, VT, WI, and WV. ALDI also reported to FDA that the sole supplier of the bagged peaches to stores reported by cases during the timeframe of interest was Wawona Packing Company, LLC. Target stores also recalled multiple varieties of peaches.

FDA and CDC presented existing epidemiological evidence to Wawona Packing Company, LLC. and on August 21, 2020, Wawona Packing Company LLC. voluntarily recalled bagged Wawona-brand peaches distributed from June 1 to present in multiple states.

FDA’s traceback investigation is ongoing to identify the source of this outbreak and to determine if potentially contaminated product has been shipped to additional retailers. CDC reports that epidemiologic evidence indicates that peaches are the likely source of this outbreak. FDA is working closely with CDC and state partners to determine if peaches not packaged in bags are also a source of illness.

August 19, 2020

The FDA, along with CDC and state and local partners, is investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteriditis infections. State officials from the Minnesota Department of Health reported that many of the people sick with the same strain of Salmonella Enteritidis, confirmed by Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS), had purchased Wawona-brand bagged peaches from ALDI prior to becoming ill.

In response to FDA investigators, ALDI reported to FDA that potentially affected bagged peaches were shipped to CT, IA, IL, KY, MA, MI, MN, ND, NH, NY, OH, RI, SD, VT, WI, and WV. ALDI also reported to FDA that the sole supplier of the bagged peaches to stores reported by cases during the timeframe of interest was Wawona Packing Company, LLC. FDA’s traceback investigation is ongoing to identify the source of this outbreak and to determine if potentially contaminated product has been shipped to additional retailers.


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Consumers who have symptoms should contact their health care provider to report their symptoms and receive care.

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