U.S. flag An official website of the United States government
  1. Home
  2. Food
  3. Food Defense
  4. Food Defense Programs
  1. Food Defense

Food Defense Programs

Vulnerability Assessments and Key Activity Types

FDA conducts vulnerability assessments (VA) on food systems to identify, quantify and prioritize (or rank) the vulnerabilities in a system. These assessments have led to the identification of processing steps of highest concern and potential mitigation strategies that may reduce these vulnerabilities. Through this review, it was determined that processing steps could be grouped according to the type of activity (referred to as Key Activity Types) occurring at a particular point in an operation. 

Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism (SPPA)

To assist in protecting the nation’s food supply, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) developed a joint assessment program, Strategic Partnership Program - Agroterrorism (SPPA) Initiative

Food and Agriculture Sector

Protecting the critical infrastructure and key resources of the United States–from both deliberate terrorist attack and destructive natural events - is essential to the Nation's security, public health, safety and economic vitality.  Homeland Security Presidential Directive 9 (HSPD-9) establishes a national policy to defend the food and agriculture system against terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies.

Food Defense Fact Sheet (PDF - 72KB)

National Infrastructure Protection – Food and Agriculture Sector

Food and Agriculture Sector Specific Plans and Annual Reports

Food Defense Field Assignments


Back to Top