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Guidance Issuing OfficeCenter for Veterinary Medicine
The objective of this guidance is to recommend acceptable amounts for residual solvents in pharmaceuticals for the safety of the target animal as well as for the safety of residues in products derived from treated food-producing animals. The guidance recommends use of less toxic solvents and describes levels considered to be toxicologically acceptable for some residual solvents.
Residual solvents in pharmaceuticals are defined here as organic volatile chemicals that are used or produced in the manufacture of active substances or excipients, or in the preparation of veterinary medicinal products. The solvents are not completely removed by practical manufacturing techniques. Appropriate selection of the solvent for the synthesis of active substance may enhance the yield, or determine characteristics such as crystal form, purity, and solubility. Therefore, the solvent may sometimes be a critical parameter in the synthetic process. This guidance does not address solvents deliberately used as excipients nor does it address solvates. However, the content of solvents in such products should be evaluated and justified.
The guidance applies to all dosage forms and routes of administration. Higher levels of residual solvents may be acceptable in certain cases or topical application. Justification for these levels should be made on a case by case basis.