As of December 31, 2019, all unused Essure units should have been returned to Bayer and are no longer available for implantation.
Women who have been using Essure successfully to prevent pregnancy can and should continue to do so.
Patient Labeling Information
The original Essure labeling has changed several times since approval in 2002 based on premarket approval (PMA) supplements submitted to the FDA and to align with recommendations in the 2016 final guidance, Labeling for Permanent Hysteroscopically-Placed Tubal Implants Intended for Sterilization, and with the FDA's 2018 restriction on the sale and distribution of the device.
The most recent and original labeling is listed below.
Most recent labeling from Bayer's website:
Original labeling when Essure was first approved:
Required Patient-Doctor Discussion Checklist for Essure
In 2016, the FDA approved important labeling changes for Essure to provide important information about the risks of using Essure and to help women and their health care providers be better informed of the potential complications associated with implantable forms of sterilization. This included a boxed warning and a patient decision checklist to help ensure that women are informed about the device's benefits and risks. In April 2018, the FDA required that Essure only be sold to health care providers who share with patients and sign Bayer's Patient-Doctor Discussion Checklist in the Patient Information booklet. The FDA approved this safety measure to ensure that the device meets our standards for a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness. As noted above, all unused Essure units should have been returned to Bayer by the end of 2019 so that they would no longer be available for implantation.
Can Essure Be Removed?
Health care providers and patients should know that Essure devices may need to be removed after placement. Women who have been using Essure successfully to prevent pregnancy can and should continue to do so. Women with Essure who suspect they may be having symptoms related to the device, such as persistent pain, should consult with their health care providers on what steps may be appropriate for them to take.
The most recent-approved labeling for health care providers provides recommendations on device removal that providers should be aware of. This includes patient counseling, device removal techniques, and other general considerations.
If Essure needs to be removed, a surgical procedure may require use of general anesthesia. Device removal has its own risks. Patients should discuss the benefits and risks of any operation or procedure with their health care provider before deciding on the best option.
In 2016, the FDA approved a change to an Essure post-approval study to gather more information about device removals. As of the most recent post-approval study report from July 2022, the rate of device removal for all subjects for any reason in the post approval study has been reported as 18.9 percent at 9 years. The rate of device removal for US subjects and Outside of United States (OUS) subjects is 19.8 percent and 17.6 percent, respectively. These removal rates are based on a statistical calculation of the probability of device removal using the available time to device removal data of patients enrolled in the study. Learn more about this post-approval study.
In February 2016, the FDA ordered Bayer, the company that makes Essure, to conduct a postmarket surveillance ("522") study to gather more data about Essure's benefits and risks. As of December 31, 2019, enrollment for this study ended. The FDA posted interim results from the June 2023 study report on the Essure 522 webpage after all patients completed three years of follow-up, including information about device removal. Because the patients in the study are at different points in their follow up, the results presented are the overall interim study results from all patients thus far. The rate of device removal for all Essure patients in the 522 study for any reason was 15.7 percent, and the rate of device removal for Essure patients in the 522 study who were told they could rely on the device for permanent birth control after a satisfactory confirmation test was 12.3 percent. These removal rates are based on a statistical calculation of the probability of device removal using the available time to device removal data of patients enrolled in the study. Device removals ranged from 1 day to 56 months after Essure placement. Reasons for removal included patient request, management of adverse events, Essure removal in conjunction with other gynecologic surgery, and patients not being able to rely on the device for permanent birth control. These results are interim and the five-year follow-up of patients in the study is ongoing. Final analyses of endpoints will be performed when the study concludes, after all patients have completed 5 years of follow-up and final adjudication of the data is completed. The FDA believes clinical data from this postmarket study will help patients, health care providers, and the agency better understand certain patient complications that women who have Essure permanent birth control may experience when compared to women who undergo tubal ligation. To learn more about this study, please visit the Essure 522 webpage or find information provided by Bayer at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT number): NCT03127722.
The FDA monitors other sources of postmarket data, including adverse event reports related to device removal. Learn more about the problems reported with Essure.
Report Problems with Essure to the FDA
If you have been using Essure successfully to prevent pregnancy you can and should continue to do so. If you suspect that you may have problems related to Essure, such as persistent pain, you should consult with your health care provider right away.
Patients and health care providers are encouraged to submit a voluntary report about any problems experienced with Essure to the FDA through MedWatch, the FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting program.
Additional Information on Essure
- Safety of Metals and Other Materials Used in Medical Devices
- Problems Reported with Essure to the FDA
- Bayer News Release: Bayer to voluntarily discontinue U.S. sales of Essure at end of 2018 for business reasons (7/20/2018)
- CDRH FOIA: How to Get Records from CDRH
- Essure Postmarket Surveillance Study Page
- Essure post-NovaSure Post-Approval Study Page
- FDA Activities Related to Essure