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Does the State or Federal VCPR Definition Apply to a Lawful VFD in my State?

Does the State or Federal VCPR Definition Apply to a Lawful VFD in my State?

21 CFR § 558.6 (b)(1) states:

(1) In order for a VFD to be lawful, the veterinarian issuing the VFD must:

(i) Be licensed to practice veterinary medicine; and

(ii) Be operating in the course of the veterinarian’s professional practice and in compliance with all applicable veterinary licensing and practice requirements, including issuing the VFD in the context of a veterinarian-client patient relationship (VCPR) as defined by the State. If applicable VCPR requirements as defined by such State do not include the key elements of a valid VCPR as defined in § 530.3(i) of this chapter, the veterinarian must issue the VFD in the context of a valid VCPR as defined in § 530.3(i) of this chapter.

On June 11, 2015, CVM mailed a letter to the entity with authority over the practice of veterinary medicine in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. In that letter, CVM committed to publishing a list indicating whether a state-defined VCPR or a federally-defined VCPR is required for a lawful veterinary feed directive in each state. In addition CVM reported plans to post relevant correspondence received from state regulatory authorities on its Veterinary Feed Directive website. This information is presented in the table, below.

VCPR Requirement by State

State For a lawful VFD, this VCPR definition applies: State Authority Was Correspondence received from the State?
Alabama Federal Sec. 34-29-61 (20); Sec. 34-29-76 (9); Rule 930-X-1-.11  
Alaska Federal 12 AAC 68.080 Sec 08.98.250  
Arizona State Chapter 21. Article 1. Section 32-2201 (25); Article 3. Sec. 32-2232 (25)  
Arkansas Federal A.C.A. Sec 17-101-102 (11); A.C.A. Sec 17-101-102 and 305  Yes
California State 16 CCR Sec. 2032.1 (b); 2032.3 (a)(13); 2032.1 (a)  
Colorado State C.R.S Sec 12-64-103 (15.5); C.R.S. Sec. 12-64-111 (1) (aa); Rule III Veterinary Medical Ethics and Code of Conduct (7) & (8).  Yes
Connecticut Federal Sec. 20-197.  Yes
Delaware Federal Title 24 Chapter 33 Sec. 3302  Yes
District of Columbia Federal Sec. 2813 and 2899  
Florida Federal Chapter 474.202 (12); 474.214 (y); Chapter 465.003 (8) & (14); 61 G 18-30.001 (y)  
Georgia Federal OCGA Sec 43-50-3 (15); OCGA Sec. 43-50-3 (11); Rule 700-8.01 (e)  
Hawaii Federal HRS Sec 471-10 (b)(12); Chapter 471  Yes
Idaho State IDAPA 46 .01.01 (150); (152); (154 (08)); IDAPA 46 .01.01 (153.01 (c ) & (d))  
Illinois State 225 ILCS 115/3; Sec. 5.5  
Indiana State IC 25-38.1-1-14.5; 888 IAC 1.1-5-1; Rule 5.  
Iowa State 811 IAC 12.1(169); 811-12.2 or 12.3 (169)  
Kansas Federal Kansas Veterinary Practice Act 47-816 (n); Kansas Administrative Regulations Article 70-7-1 (f) and (i) and 70-8-1 (k)  
Kentucky State KRS Sec. 321.185 (1)  
Louisiana State LAC 46:LXXXV.700; Sec 705 A 1 Prohibited Activities  Yes
Maine State Title 32, Sec. 21. 32 MRSA §4877  Yes
Maryland Federal COMAR 15.14.01.03 B. (14); 15.14.01.03 (5); 15.14.01.12-2 (B)  
Massachusetts Federal 256 CMR 2..01; 5.02; 7.01 (2) (e)  
Michigan Federal R 338.4922 Rule 22; R 338.4923  
Minnesota State Minn. Stat. Sec 156.16 (12); 9100.0800 Subpart (1)  
Mississippi State Sec 73-39-53 (v); Part 1701 Chapter 3; Sec 73-39-53 (s); Sec 73-39-59 (2)  
Missouri State Chapter 340.200 (23); 340.200 (15); 20 CSR 2270-4.031  Yes
Montana Federal - see comment    
Nebraska State R.R.S. Neb Sec. 38-3316; 38-3312 (1)  
Nevada State NAC 638.0175; NAC 638.046  
New Hampshire State Part Vet 501.01 ; RSA 332-B:14, II (c)  
New Jersey Federal N.J.A.C 13:44-4.1 (b)(1); 13:44-4.1 (b)  
New Mexico State Chapter 21. Article 14. Sec. 61-14-2 J ; 61-14-13 (22)  Yes
New York Federal    
North Carolina State N.C. Gen. Stat. Sec 90-181 (7a); 90-187.8 (c) (18)  Yes
North Dakota State Chapter 43-29-01.1 (9); Minimum standards of practice 87-05-02-02  
Ohio State Ohio Revised Code Sec. 4741.04; Rule 4741-1-05  Yes
Oklahoma  State Sec. 698.2 (13); 698.14a E 20; 698.11 A 1.  
Oregon State OR Admin R 875- 005-0005; 875- 011-0010 (12); 875 -015-0030 (8); 875- 015-0030 (6) (b) and (d); 875- 015-0030 (1)(h) generally and (R)  
Pennsylvania Federal P.L.995, No.326, Sec 3 (15); Rule (Principal 8 Drugs)  
Rhode Island Federal R.I. Gen. Laws Sec. 5-25-2 (6) and Rule 1.11  Yes
South Carolina State S.C. Code Regs. 120-1 Definitions C VCPR; 120-10 D (1)  
South Dakota Federal Sec. 39-18-34.1; 36-12-22  
Tennessee State T.C.A Sec. 63-12-103(17); Rule 1730-01.21  Yes
Texas State Section 801.351 Subchapter H  
Utah State Utah Administrative Code Sec. 58-28-102 (15); 58-28-102 (11); 58-28-604; R156-28-102 (11); R156-28-502(3)  
Vermont Federal Rule 3.7, See also 2.1 (k)  Yes
Virginia State Sec. 54.1-3303; 18 VAC 150-20-172; Sec. 54.1-3455 Schedule VI (2) and (3); 18 VAC 150-20-172  
Washington Federal WAC 246-933-010(7); 246-933-340; 246-933-060; and 246-934-020(5).  Yes
West Virginia State Article 10 Sec. 30-10-3 (w); 10 Sec. 30-10-3 (o); 30-10-9 & Series 4 Standards of Practice Sec 26-4-4 4.2; & Sec. 26-4-4 4.4 A  
Wisconsin Federal Wis Stat Sec 453.02 (8), 453.02 (9); 453.068 and VE 7  
Wyoming State WCWR 024-251-004 Chapter 4 Sec 3 (a)  

Comment: Verification of VCPR authority was not made at the time of the last update to this posting generally due to the timing of meetings of the state veterinary licensing board. The Federal VCPR definition remains the requirement.

Last Updated: November 13, 2015