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  1. Animal Health Literacy

Pill Bottle Pete - Did You Know?

…that besides animal drugs, CVM also makes sure that animal foods like pet food, medicated feeds (food for big groups of animals that need medicine), feed additives (things like minerals, vitamins, and food colorings that you add to feed), and animal devices (like thermometers) are safe, work the way they’re supposed to, and have proper labels so people know how to use them?

…that not everyone who works at CVM is a veterinarian? Only 1/4 of us are veterinarians. The other 3/4s are people like chemists, microbiologists (scientists who study bacteria), statisticians (scientists who like to work with numbers), teachers, writers, and lawyers. We’re all important at CVM!

..that CVM recognizes seven “major” animal species: dogs, cats, horses, cows, chickens, pigs, and turkeys?

...that animals that are not “major” species, like fish, deer, and sheep, are called “minor” species?” We approve drugs to treat all kinds of animals!

…that we approve drugs to treat honeybees (which are a “minor” species, by the way)?

…that we work with people around the world to make sure that the food you eat from animals (like steak, scrambled eggs, chocolate milk, and vanilla ice cream) is safe?

Glossary of Terms Used in Pill Bottle Pete

Approval Process—the steps a drug company takes to get a drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Chemist—a scientist who studies the chemical make-up of substances, like drugs, and how the substances can be changed

Animal Device—a tool or piece of equipment used on an animal that serves a specific purpose. For example, a thermometer is an animal device used by a veterinarian to take an animal’s temperature.

Animal Drug—a medicine that used to treat, cure, diagnose, prevent or make diseases less severe in animals.

Food Additives—vitamins, minerals, and other ingredients that go into pet food and livestock feed to keep animals healthy.

Laboratory—a room or building that has all the tools, machines, chemicals, and other equipment or supplies scientists need to do their experiments.

Lawyer—a person who is an expert on certain laws that people and drug companies must follow.

Medicated Feeds—livestock feeds that contain drugs. For a herd of sick cows, it’s easier for the farmer to give the drug to the entire herd at the same time in a medicated feed rather than give the drug to each cow with a syringe or in a pill.

Microbiologist—a scientist who studies microscopic forms of life, like bacteria (they’re so small the scientist has to use a microscope to see them.)

NADA—New Animal Drug Application—contains all the information about an animal drug. As part of the approval process, a drug company sends the NADA to FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine to show the center that the drug is safe and does what it’s supposed to do.

Operation or surgery—a procedure performed by a veterinarian on an animal to fix something that’s wrong or to keep the animal healthy. For example, a veterinarian may perform surgery to fix a cat’s broken leg or to spay a female dog so she can’t have puppies.

Statistician—a mathematician who studies the numerical results of a science experiment.

Veterinarian—an animal doctor.

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