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Be Smoke-free and Help Your Pets Live Longer, Healthier Lives - Endnotes

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  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Vital Signs September 2010. “Tobacco Use: Smoking and Secondhand Smoke.”
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Vital Signs February 2015. “Secondhand Smoke: An Unequal Danger.”
  3. Ibid.
  4. Executive Summary of The Surgeon General’s Report on The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke. 2006.
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Vital Signs September 2010. “Tobacco Use: Smoking and Secondhand Smoke.”
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. “Vital Signs: Disparities in Nonsmokers’ Exposure to Secondhand Smoke—United States, 199-2012.”
  7. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/full-report.pdf. Accessed September 8, 2016.
  8. Federal Register, Vol. 77, No. 64, Tuesday, April 3, 2012. “Harmful and Potentially Harmful Constituents in Tobacco Products and Tobacco Smoke; Established List.” 77FR 20034; 20034-20037.
  9. Schick S. Thirdhand smoke: here to stay. Tobacco Control 2011;20(1): 1-3.
  10. Miller L. New York Times Magazine Ninth Annual Year in Ideas Magazine. “Thirdhand Smoke”. 2009. https://archive.nytimes.com/query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage-9803E4DC1E39F930A25751C1A96F9C8B63.html. Accessed November 10, 2015.
  11. Matt GE, Quintana PJE, Destaillats H, Gundel LA, Sleiman M, Singer BC, et al. Thirdhand Tobacco Smoke: Emerging Evidence and Arguments for a Multidisciplinary Research Agenda. Environmental Health Perspectives 2011; 119(5): 1218-1226.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Sleiman M, Gundel LA, Pankow JF, et al. Formation of carcinogens indoors by surface-mediated reactions of nicotine with nitrous acid, leading to potential thirdhand smoke hazards PNAS 2010; 107(15): 6576-6581.
  14. Burton A. Does the Smoke Really Ever Clear? Environmental Health Perspectives 2011;119(2):A-70-A74.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Knapton S. “Pets at More Risk from Passive Smoking than Humans, Find Scientists”, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/pets-health/12073331/Second-hand-smoke-linked-to-pet-illnesses.html. Accessed January 4, 2016.
  18. Sleiman M, et al. PNAS 2010; 107(15): 6576-6581.
  19. LiveScience.com. “The Dangers of Thirdhand Smoke Revealed”, http://www.livescience.com/6087-dangers-hand-smoke-revealed.html. Accessed February 18, 2015.
  20. Schick S. Thirdhand smoke: here to stay. Tobacco Control 2015;20(1):1-3.
  21. Matt GE, Quintana PJE, Zakarian JM, et al. When smokers move out and non-smokers move in: residential thirdhand smoke pollution and exposure. Tobacco Control 2011; 20(e1):1-8.
  22. Yamaya Y, Sugiya H, and Watari T. Tobacco exposure increased airway limitation in dogs with chronic cough. Veterinary Record 2014; 174:18.
  23. Murray PJ and Wynn TA. Protective and pathogenic functions of macrophage subsets. Nature Reviews: Immunology 2011;11:723-737.
  24. Ibid.
  25. Ibid.
  26. Roza and Viegas. The dog as passive smoker: effects of exposure to environmental cigarette smoke on domestic dogs. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2007; 9(11): 1171-1176.
  27. Reif JS, Bruns C, and Lower KS. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke in Pet Dogs. Am J. Epidemiology 1998; 147(5): 488-492.
  28. Ibid.
  29. Bertone ER, Snyder LA, and Moore AS. Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Risk of Malignant Lymphoma in Pet Cats. Am J Epidemiology 2002; 156: 268-273.
  30. Bertone ER, Snyder LA, and Moore AS. Environmental and Lifestyle Risk Factors for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Domestic Cats. J Vet Intern Med 2003; 17: 557-562.
  31. Bertone, et al. Am J Epidemiology 2002; 156:268-273.
  32. Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine Feline Health Center. “Lymphoma.”  https://www.vet.cornell.edu/departments-centers-and-institutes/cornell-feline-health-center/health-information/feline-health-topics/lymphoma. Accessed April 6, 2016.
  33. Ibid.
  34. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070831123420.htm. “Secondhand Smoke Is a Health Threat to Pets”, September 3, 2007. Accessed August 25, 2014.
  35. Rupley AE. Avian Sinusitis, in Proceedings: Western Veterinary Conference 2002.
  36. Welle K. Clinical Approach to Feather Picking Disorders in Pet Birds, in Proceedings: Atlantic Coast Veterinary Conference. 2002.
  37. Noveanu L, Fira-mladinsecu O, Ordodi V, et al. Passive exposure of Guinea Pigs to Cigarette Smoke Induces a Systemic Endothelial Dysfunction. Proceedings of the Romanian Academy, Series B—Chemistry, Life Sciences, and Geosciences 2008; 1-2: 71-76.
  38. http://c.merriam-webster.com/medlineplus/emphysema “Emphysema” Accessed August 23, 2016; https://medlineplus.gov/pulmonaryhypertension.html “Pulmonary Hypertension” Accessed August 23, 2016.
  39. Ardite E, Peinado VI, Rabinovich RA, et al. Systemic effects of cigarette smoke exposure in the guinea pig. Respiratory Medicine 2006; 1186-1194.
  40. Roberts H and Palmeiro BS. Toxicology of Aquarium Fish. Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice 2008;11: 359-374.
  41. Slaughter E, Gersberg RM, Watanabe K, Rudolph J, Stransky C, and Novotny TE. Toxicity of cigarette butts, and their chemical components, to marine and freshwater fish. Tobacco Control 2011; 20(1): i25-i29.
  42. Novotny TE, Hardin SN, Hovda LR, et al. Tobacco and cigarette butt consumption in humans and animals. Tobacco Control 2011; 20(Suppl 1):i17-i20.
  43. Ibid.
  44. Hackendahl NC and Sereda CW. The dangers of nicotine ingestion in dogs. Veterinary Medicine 2004; 218-224.
  45. http://www.poison.org/articles/2013-jul/my-child-ate-a-cigarette “My Child Ate a Cigarette!” Accessed June 14, 2016.
  46. Novotny, et al. Tobacco Control 2011; 20(Suppl 1): i17-i20.
  47. Daily News Journal Business Brief. “Pets Poisoned by E-cigarette Liquids on Rise.” September 9, 2014. http://www.dnj.com/story/money/business/2014/09/09/pets-poisoned-e-cigarette-liquids-rise/15329423/. Accessed September 10, 2014.
  48. Ibid.
  49. Gates S. “Dog Dies after Eating Electronic Cigarette Capsule.” The Huffington Post. February 18, 2014. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/18/dog-dies-electronic-cigarette-nicotine-poisoning_n_4809899.html. Accessed February 19, 2014.
  50. Forrester MB. Exposure of dogs to electronic cigarettes. JAVMA 2016; 248(6): 603.
  51. Rudy SF and Durmowicz EL. Electronic nicotine delivery systems: overheating, fires, and explosions. Tobacco Control 2016; 0:1-9.