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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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Vertebrates: Reference Standard Sequence Library for Seafood Identification


DNA barcoding is a process by which species discriminations are achieved through the use of short, standardized gene fragments. For animals, a fragment (655 base pairs starting near the 5' end) of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 mitochondrial gene (CO1) has been shown to provide reliable species level discrimination in most cases. 

The procedure for establishing FDA Acceptable Market Names is described in Guidance for Industry: The Seafood List - FDA's Guide to Acceptable Market Names for Seafood Sold in Interstate Commerce.

All DNA Sequence data for a given species will be found on one page, linked below from their Scientific name. Each page contains DNA sequences from one or more specimens of that species.  For each sequence, there is information indicating if that specimen is vouchered in a collection and/or authenticated, as well as voucher references, Genbank and BoLD reference numbers if applicable.

Sequences are in FASTA format and may be copied for use in other applications. Photographs of most specimens are available with the sequences.


Vertebrate Species Pages sorted by Scientific Name:

DNA sequences (FASTA format) are available on the species pages.  Photographs are included for most species. The posted/modified date indicates when data for that sample was loaded or modified.  The initial data for the sequence library were posted in November 2011.

* All FDA specimens are authenticated and vouchered at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) disclaimer icon.   RFE specimens (collected 1993-1998) are authenticated and most are vouchered at the California Academy of Sciences (CAS) disclaimer icon.  Muesum voucher references are provided.
FD&C Act: Sec. 403(t)17 is applicable for this name; see the Seafood List Guidance for additional information.
Some species have more than one acceptable Market name. These are separated by or. An n/a indicates that this species is not in the Seafood List.
J Japanese common name for specimens of Takifugu spp.

Sample IDScientific NameCommon NameFDA Acceptable
Market Name
 Voucher*Date
Posted
Date
Modified
FDA 271Acipenser baeriSiberian SturgeonSturgeon41808608/2013 
FDA 137Aethaloperca rogaaRedmouth GrouperGrouper395490 11/201111/2013 
FDA 132Alectis ciliarisAfrican PompanoPompano39548511/2011 
FDA 216Alectis ciliarisAfrican PompanoPompano40235810/2012 
FDA 112Alosa sapidissimaAmerican ShadShad39546111/2011 
FDA 285Aluterus schoepfiiOrange FilefishFilefish42112809/2013 
FDA 116Amblyraja radiataThorny SkateSkate39546211/2011 
RFE 346Anarhichas lupus  Atlantic WolffishWolffish 11/2011 
RFE 351Anarhichas lupus  Atlantic WolffishWolffish 11/201111/2013
FDA 205Anguilla rostrataAmerican EelEel, Freshwater40236010/2012 
FDA 240Anoplopoma fimbriaSablefishSablefish40498810/2012 
FDA 152Aprion virescensGreen JobfishJobfish39550611/201111/2013
FDA 37Archosargus probatocephalusSheepsheadSheepshead39405311/2011 
FDA 63Archosargus probatocephalusSheepsheadSheepshead39417511/2011 
RFE 284Archosargus probatocephalusSheepsheadSheepsheadC-9226211/2011 
RFE 285Archosargus probatocephalusSheepsheadSheepsheadC-9226211/2011 
RFE 286Archosargus probatocephalusSheepsheadSheepsheadC-9226211/2011 
RFE 287Archosargus probatocephalusSheepsheadSheepsheadC-9226211/2011 
FDA 197Arctoscopus japonicusSailfin Sandfishn/a40495110/2012 
FDA 99Ariopsis felisHardhead Sea CatfishWhiskered Fish39541111/2011 
RFE 509Atheresthes stomiasArrowtooth FlounderFlounder, Arrowtooth 11/20119/2013
FDA 56Bagre marinusGafftopsail Sea CatfishGafftopsail Fish or
Gafftopsail Whiskered Fish
39417011/2011 
FDA 237Bagre marinusGafftopsail Sea CatfishGafftopsail Fish or
Gafftopsail Whiskered Fish
40498110/2012 
FDA 59Balistes capriscusGray TriggerfishTriggerfish39416911/2011 
FDA 218Balistes capriscusGray TriggerfishTriggerfish40497110/2012 
FDA 78Balistes vetulaQueen TriggerfishTriggerfish39419011/2011 
FDA 199Barbonymus altusRed Tailed TinfoilRed Tailed Tinfoil40236410/2012 
FDA 75Brama dussumieriLowfin PomfretPomfret39420311/2011 
RFE 354Brosme brosmeCuskCusk 11/2011 
FDA 133Brotula barbataBearded BrotulaBrotula or Cuskeel39548611/2011 
FDA 275Calamus bajonadoJolthead PorgyPorgy41809008/2013 
FDA 61Calamus leucosteusWhitebone PorgyPorgy39417211/2011 
FDA 71Canthidermis maculataRough TriggerfishTriggerfish39419811/2011 
FDA 130Canthidermis sufflamenOcean TriggerfishTriggerfish39548011/2011 
RFE 270Caranx caninusPacific Crevalle JackJackC-9721611/201111/2013 
FDA 96Caranx crysosBlue RunnerJack or Blue Runner39541211/2011 
FDA 232Caranx crysosBlue RunnerJack or Blue Runner40497810/2012 
FDA 129Caranx hipposCrevalle JackJack39547911/2011 
FDA 109Carcharhinus acronotusBlacknose SharkShark39540511/2011 
FDA 102Carcharhinus brevipinnaSpinner SharkShark39504811/2011 
FDA 106Carcharhinus isodonFinetooth SharkShark39540611/2011 
FDA 107Carcharhinus leucasBull SharkShark39540311/2011 
FDA 185Carcharhinus limbatusBlacktip SharkShark39832811/2011 
FDA 277Carpoides cyprinusQuillbackn/a42113308/2013 
FDA 82Caulolatilus chrysopsAtlantic Goldeneye TilefishTilefish39418811/2011 
FDA 274Caulolatilus micropsBlueline TilefishTilefish41808908/2013 
FDA 276Centroberyx affinisAlfonsinoAlfonsino42113108/2013 
FDA 45Centropristis ocyurusBank Sea BassBass, Sea39418611/2011 
FDA 90Centropristis ocyurusBank Sea BassBass, Sea39542011/2011 
FDA 19Centropristis striataBlack Sea BassBass, Sea39405611/2011 
FDA 206Centropristis striataBlack Sea BassBass, Sea40495010/2012 
FDA 157Cephalopholis argusPurplespotted GrouperGrouper39551511/201111/2013 
RFE 253Cephalopholis fulvaConeyGrouperC-9721911/201111/2013
RFE 254Cephalopholis fulvaConeyGrouperC-9721911/2011 
FDA 139Cephalopholis sonneratiTomato HindGrouper39549211/2011 
FDA 79Chaetodipterus faberAtlantic SpadefishSpadefish39419111/2011 
RFE 257Chanos chanosMilkfishMilkfishC-9731011/2011 
FDA 31-1Chilomycterus schoepfiiStriped Burrfishn/a39410711/2011 
FDA 31-2Chilomycterus schoepfiiStriped Burrfishn/a39410611/2011 
FDA 48Chilomycterus schoepfiiStriped Burrfishn/a39478511/2011 
FDA 98Chloroscombrus chrysurusAtlantic BumperBumper39541911/2011 
FDA 204Clupea harengusAtlantic HerringHerring or Sea Herring or Sild40499410/2012 
FDA 182Conger oceanicusAmerican CongerConger Eel39832611/2011 
FDA 210Coryphaena hippurusDolphinfishMahi-mahi40237710/2012 
FDA 169Corniger spinosusSpinycheek SoldierfishSoldierfish or Squirrelfish39833311/2011 
FDA 171Cynoscion arenariusSand WeakfishWeakfish39864411/2011 
FDA 95Cynoscion arenariusSand WeakfishWeakfish39541511/2011 
FDA 228Cynoscion arenariusSand WeakfishWeakfish40499510/2012 
FDA 229Cynoscion arenariusSand WeakfishWeakfish40499610/2012 
FDA 168Cynoscion nebulosusSpotted WeakfishWeakfish39833911/2011 
FDA 213Cynoscion nebulosusSpotted WeakfishWeakfish40237510/2012 
FDA 30Cyprinus carpioCommon CarpCarp39414811/2011  
FDA 110Dasyatis americanusSouthern Stingrayn/a39542411/2011 
FDA 108Dasyatis sabinaAtlantic Stingrayn/a39542311/2011 
FDA 200Decapterus akaadsiScadn/a40496210/2012 
FDA 198Decapterus macrosomaBlue Mackerel Scadn/a40495210/2012 
FDA 149Diagramma melanacrumBlackfin SlateyGrunt39550211/2011 
FDA 151Diagramma pictumPainted SweetlipsGrunt39550511/2011 
FDA 208Dicentrarchus labraxEuropean Sea BassBass, Sea40236210/2012 
FDA 262Diplectrum formosumSand PerchGrouper41056208/2013 
FDA 123Dipturus laevisBarndoor SkateSkate39547411/2011 
RFE 302Dissostichus eleginoidesPatagonian ToothfishPatagonian Toothfish or Chilean SeabassC-20859911/2011 
RFE 305Dissostichus eleginoidesPatagonian ToothfishPatagonian Toothfish or Chilean Seabass 11/2011 
FDA 184Echeneis naucratesSharksucker n/a39834511/2011 
FDA 44Echeneis neucratoidesWhitefin SharksuckerRemora or Sharksucker39417711/2011 
FDA 127Echiophis punctiferStippled Spoon-nose Eeln/a39547711/2011 
FDA 234Echiophis punctiferStippled Spoon-nose Eeln/a40497210/2012 
FDA 42Elagatis bipinnulataRainbow RunnerJack or Rainbow Runner39418011/2011 
FDA 221Elagatis bipinnulataRainbow RunnerJack or Rainbow Runner40497010/2012 
FDA 57Elops saurusLadyfishLadyfish39417811/2011 
FDA 222Elops saurusLadyfishLadyfish40498310/2012 
RFE 375Eopsetta jordaniPetrale SoleSole or Flounder 11/2011 
RFE 376Eopsetta jordaniPetrale SoleSole or Flounder 11/2011 
FDA 176Epinephelus adscensionisRock HindGrouper or Hind39833711/2011 
FDA 141Epinephelus bleekeriDuskytail GrouperGrouper39549411/201111/2013
FDA 162Epinephelus coioidesOrange-spotted GrouperGrouper39552011/2011 
FDA 177Epinephelus drummondhayiSpeckled HindHind39833611/2011 
FDA 166Epinephelus guttatusRed HindGrouper39553411/2011 
FDA 138Epinephelus maculatusHighfin GrouperGrouper39549111/2011 
FDA-261Epinephelus morioRed GrouperGrouper41056108/2013 
FDA 156Epinephelus polyphekadionCamouflage GrouperGrouper39551411/2011 
FDA 161Epinephelus polyphekadionCamouflage GrouperGrouper39551911/2011 
FDA 155Epinephelus quoyanusLongfin GrouperGrouper39551311/2011 
FDA 154Epinephelus rivulatusHalfmoon GrouperGrouper39551211/2011 
FDA 159Epinephelus undulosusWavy-lined GrouperGrouper39551711/2011 
RFE 295Euthynnus affinisKawakawaTunaC-9226411/201111/2013
RFE 297Euthynnus affinisKawakawaTunaC-9226411/2011 
FDA 86Euthynnus alletteratusSpotted TunnyTuna39419511/2011 
FDA 202Euthynnus alletteratusSpotted TunnyTuna40497910/2012 
FDA 211Euthynnus alletteratusSpotted TunnyTuna40499710/2012 
FDA 238Gadus macrocephalusPacific CodCod or Alaska Cod404987 10/2012 
RFE 360Gadus macrocephalusPacific CodCod or Alaska Cod 11/2011 
RFE 361Gadus macrocephalusPacific CodCod or Alaska Cod 11/2011 
FDA 117Gadus morhuaAtlantic CodCod39546311/2011 
RFE 352Gadus morhuaAtlantic CodCod 11/2011 
RFE 355Gadus morhuaAtlantic CodCod 11/2011 
FDA 181Gempylus serpensSnake Mackereln/a39832911/2011 
RFE 337Glyptocephalus cynoglossusGray Sole Sole or Flounder 11/2011 
RFE 338Glyptocephalus cynoglossusGray SoleSole or Flounder 11/2011 
FDA 223Gobionellus oceanicusHighfin Gobyn/a40496910/2012 
FDA 131Gymnothorax kolposBlacktail MorayEel, Moray39548411/2011 
FDA 97Haemulon aurolineatumTomtate GruntGrunt or Tomtate39541811/2011 
FDA 35Haemulon plumieriWhite GruntGrunt39414411/2011 
FDA 54Helicolenus dactylopterusBlackbelly RosefishRosefish39417311/2011 
FDA 126Helicolenus dactylopterusBlackbelly RosefishRosefish39546711/2011 
FDA 283Helicolenus dactylopterusBlackbelly RosefishRosefish42113509/2013 
FDA 284Helicolenus dactylopterusBlackbelly RosefishRosefish42113409/2013 
FDA 52Hemanthias leptusLongtail BassBass, Sea39417911/2011 
FDA 120Hippoglossoides platessoidesAmerican PlaicePlaice39546611/2011 
FDA 239Hippoglossus stenolepisPacific HalibutHalibut40575010/2012 
FDA 73Holocentrus adscensionisLongspine SquirrelfishSquirrelfish39420511/2011 
FDA 60Hyperoglyphe bythitesBlack DriftfishDriftfish39416811/2011 
FDA 135Hyporthodus flavolimbatusYellowedge GrouperGrouper39548811/2011 
FDA 255Hyporthodus nigritusWarsaw Groupern/a41055508/2013 
RFE 226Ictalurus furcatusBlue CatfishCatfishC-9722211/2011 
RFE 533Ictalurus furcatusBlue CatfishCatfishC-9722211/2011 
FDA 39Ictalurus punctatusChannel CatfishCatfish39415011/2011 
RFE 396Ictalurus punctatusChannel CatfishCatfishC-9722311/2011 
RFE 511Ictalurus punctatusChannel CatfishCatfishC-9722311/2011 
RFE 513Ictalurus punctatusChannel CatfishCatfishC-9722311/2011 
RFE 514Ictalurus punctatusChannel CatfishCatfishC-9722311/2011 
RFE 518Ictalurus punctatusChannel CatfishCatfishC-9722311/2011 
FDA 28Ictiobus cyprinellusBigmouth BuffaloBuffalofish39416511/2011 
RFE 235Katsuwonus pelamisSkipjack TunaTunaC-9722511/2011 
FDA 55Kyphosus incisorYellow ChubChub39417611/2011 
FDA 192Lachnolaimus maximusHogfishn/a40495710/2012 
FDA 193Lachnolaimus maximusHogfishn/a40495810/2012 
FDA 247Lachnolaimus maximusHogfishn/a40500010/2012 
FDA 74Lagocephalus laevigatusSmooth PufferPuffer39512911/2011 
FDA 36Lagodon rhomboidesPinfishPorgy39405411/2011 
FDA 25Leiostomus xanthurusSpotSpot39405511/2011 
FDA 178Lepidocybium flavobrunneumEscolarEscolar or Oilfish39833511/2011 
RFE 370Lepidocybium flavobrunneumEscolarEscolar or OilfishC-9730411/2011 
RFE 398Lepidocybium flavobrunneumEscolarEscolar or OilfishC-9730411/2011 
RFE 401Lepidocybium flavobrunneumEscolarEscolar or OilfishC-9730411/2011 
FDA 282Lepisosteus osseusLongnose GarGar42112709/2013 
FDA 142Lethrinus erythraeanthusOrange-spotted EmperorEmperor39549511/2011 
FDA 145Lethrinus lentjanRedspot EmperorEmperor39549811/2011 
FDA 144Lethrinus microdonSmalltooth EmperorEmperor39549711/2011 
FDA 246Limanda asperaYellowfin SoleSole or Flounder40498510/2012 
FDA 111Limanda ferrugineaYellowtail FlounderFlounder39546811/2011 
RFE 340Limanda ferrugineaYellowtail FlounderFlounder 11/2011 
FDA 87Lobotes surinamensisTripletailTripletail39420011/2011 
FDA 260Lophiodes reticulatusReticulated Goosefishn/a41056008/2013 
FDA 187Lophius americanusGoosefishMonkfish39950111/2011 
FDA 188Lophius americanusGoosefishMonkfish39950211/2011 
FDA 5-1Lophius litulonAnglerMonkfish39117011/2011 
FDA 5-2Lophius litulonAnglerMonkfish39117111/2011 
FDA 5-3Lophius litulonAnglerMonkfish39117211/2013 
FDA 272Lopholatilus chamaeleonticepsTilefish or Golden TilefishBlue Tilefish41808708/2013 
FDA 248Lutjanus analisMutton SnapperSnapper40574810/2012 
FDA 158Lutjanus argentimaculatusMangrove Red SnapperSnapper39551611/2011 
FDA 150-1Lutjanus argentiventrisAmarillo SnapperSnapper39550311/201111/2012
FDA 150-2Lutjanus argentiventrisAmarillo SnapperSnapper39550411/201111/2012
FDA 160Lutjanus boharTwinspot SnapperSnapper39551811/2011 
FDA 49Lutjanus campechanusRed SnapperSnapper39416711/2011 
FDA 235Lutjanus campechanusRed SnapperSnapper40237310/2012 
RFE 294Lutjanus campechanusRed SnapperSnapperC-9730911/201111/2013 
FDA 4-1Lutjanus griseusGrey SnapperSnapper39116911/2011 
FDA 4-2Lutjanus griseusGrey SnapperSnapper39551811/2011  
FDA 58Lutjanus griseusGrey SnapperSnapper39417111/2011 
FDA 70Lutjanus griseusGrey SnapperSnapper39420411/2011 
FDA 214Lutjanus griseusGrey SnapperSnapper40499810/2012 
FDA 165Lutjanus guttatusSpotted Rose SnapperSnapper39553311/2011 
FDA 164Lutjanus malabaricusMalabar SnapperSnapper39553211/2011 
FDA 279Lutjanus peruPacific SnapperSnapper42112908/2013 
RFE 366Lutjanus peruPacific SnapperSnapperC-8221711/2011 
RFE 367Lutjanus peruPacific SnapperSnapperC-8221711/2011 
FDA 278Lutjanus purpureusCaribbean Red SnapperSnapper42113008/2013 
FDA 153Lutjanus rivulatusBlubberlip SnapperSnapper39551111/2011 
FDA 50Lutjanus synagrisLane SnapperSnapper39418111/2011 
FDA 231Lutjanus synagrisLane SnapperSnapper40498012/2012 
FDA 273Lutjanus vivanusSilk SnapperSnapper41808808/2013 
FDA 175Malacanthus plumieriSand TilefishTilefish39833811/2011 
FDA 147Macolor macularisMidnight SnapperSnapper39550011/2011 
FDA 125Malacoraja sentaSmooth SkateSkate39547611/2011 
FDA 113Melanogrammus aeglefinusHaddockHaddock39546911/2011 
RFE 523Melanogrammus aeglefinusHaddockHaddockC-9730811/2011 
RFE 531Melanogrammus aeglefinusHaddockHaddockC-9730811/2011 
FDA 94Menticirrhus americanusSouthern KingfishKingfish39541711/2011 
FDA 257Merluccius albidusOffshore Haken/a41055708/2013 
FDA 22-1Merluccius bilnearisSilver HakeWhiting39406011/2011 
FDA 22-2Merluccius bilnearisSilver HakeWhiting39406011/2011 
FDA 23Micropogonias undulatusAtlantic CroakerCroaker39416411/2011 
FDA 225Micropogonias undulatusAtlantic CroakerCroaker40499210/2012 
RFE 379Microstomus pacificusDover SoleSole 11/2011 
RFE 380Microstomus pacificusDover SoleSole 11/2011 
FDA 18Morone americanaWhite PerchPerch, white39415211/2011 
FDA 15Morone saxatilisStriped BassBass39414511/2011 
FDA 16Morone chrysops x saxatilisSunshine BassBass394163  
FDA 33Mugil cephalusStriped MulletMullet39405911/2011 
FDA 134Mugil cephalusStriped MulletMullet39548711/2011 
FDA 174Muraena retiferaReticulate MorayMoray Eel39833211/2011 
FDA 114Mustelus canisSmooth DogfishShark, Dogfish or Shark, Cape39547011/2011 
FDA 264Mustelus sinusmexicanusGulf Smoothhoundn/a41056408/2013 
FDA 136Mycteroperca bonaciBlack GrouperGrouper39548911/201111/2013 
FDA 93Mycteroperca microlepisGagGrouper or Gag39541411/2011 
FDA 190Mycteroperca phenaxScampScamp40236410/2012 
FDA 191Mycteroperca phenaxScampScamp40236510/2012 
FDA 256Mycteroperca phenaxScampGrouper or Scamp41055608/2013 
FDA 121Myliobatis freminvilliiBullnose RayRay, Bullnose39547211/2011 
FDA 172Narcine bancroftiiLesser Eelectric Rayn/a39833411/2011 
FDA 195Nemipterus virgatusGolden Threadfin Breamn/a40236710/2012 
FDA 180Neomerinthe hemingwayiSpinycheek Scorpionfishn/a39834111/2011 
FDA 258Neomerinthe hemingwayiSpinycheek Scorpionfishn/a41055808/2013 
FDA 29Ocyurus chrysurusYellowtail SnapperSnapper39405711/2011 
FDA 51Ocyurus chrysurusYellowtail SnapperSnapper39416611/2011 
RFE 334Ocyurus chrysurusYellowtail SnapperSnapperC-8221311/2011 
FDA 245Oncorhynchus gorbuschaPink SalmonSalmon, Pink or Humpback40498610/2012 
RFE 325Oncorhynchus gorbuschaPink SalmonSalmon, Pink or HumpbackC-8221811/2011 
RFE 326Oncorhynchus gorbuschaPink SalmonSalmon, Pink or HumpbackC-8221811/2011 
FDA 243Oncorhynchus ketaChum SalmonSalmon, Chum or Keta40499010/2012 
FDA 244Oncorhynchus kisutchCoho SalmonSalmon, Coho or Silver or Medium Red40499110/2012 
RFE 244Oncorhynchus kisutchCoho SalmonSalmon, Coho or Silver or Medium RedC-9722411/2011 
RFE 245Oncorhynchus kisutchCoho SalmonSalmon, Coho or Silver or Medium RedC-9722411/2011 
RFE 246Oncorhynchus kisutchCoho SalmonSalmon, Coho or Silver or Medium RedC-9722411/2011 
RFE 247Oncorhynchus kisutchCoho SalmonSalmon, Coho or Silver or Medium RedC-9722411/2011 
RFE 386Oncorhynchus mykissRainbow TroutTrout, Rainbow or SteelheadC-8487811/2011 
RFE 389Oncorhynchus mykissRainbow TroutTrout, Rainbow or SteelheadC-8487811/2011 
RFE 392Oncorhynchus mykissRainbow TroutTrout, Rainbow or SteelheadC-8487811/2011 
FDA 242Oncorhynchus nerkaSockeye SalmonSalmon, Sockeye or Red or Blueback40498910/2012 
FDA 241Oncorhynchus tshawytschaChinook SalmonSalmon, Chinook or King or Spring40574910/2012 
FDA 89Ophichthus gomesiiShrimp Eeln/a39540911/2011 
FDA 128Ophichthus rexKing Snake EelSnake Eel or Keoghfish39547811/2011 
RFE 368Ophiodon elongatusLingcodLingcod 11/201111/2013
FDA 104Opsanus betaGulf ToadfishToadfish39541611/2011 
FDA 233Opsanus betaGulf ToadfishToadfish40499310/2012 
FDA 43Opsanus pardusLeopard ToadfishToadfish39418311/2011 
RFE 236Oreochromis mossambicusMozambique TilapiaTilapiaC-9226311/2011 
RFE 237Oreochromis mossambicusMozambique TilapiaTilapiaC-9226311/2011 
RFE 238Oreochromis mossambicusMozambique TilapiaTilapiaC-9226311/2011 
RFE 241Oreochromis mossambicusMozambique TilapiaTilapiaC-9226311/2011 
RFE 283Oreochromis mossambicusMozambique TilapiaTilapiaC-9226311/2011 
FDA 20Oreochromis niloticusNile TilapiaTilapia39414711/2011 
RFE 259Oreochromis niloticusNile TilapiaTilapiaC-9721811/2011 
FDA 6Ostracion rhinorhynchosHorn-nosed Boxfishn/a39258411/2013  
FDA 280Pagrus auratusSquirefishPorgy42113208/2013 
FDA 91Pagrus pagrusRed PorgyPorgy39542211/2011 
RFE 528Pampus argenteusSilver PomfretButterfishC-9731211/2011 
RFE 526Pangasius bocourtiBasaBasaC-21605611/2011 
RFE 512Pangasius conchophilus n/aC-21605711/2011 
RFE 510Pangasius hypophthalmusSwaiSwai or Sutchi or Striped Pangasius or TraC-21605811/2011 
FDA 103Paralichthys albiguttaGulf FlounderFlounder39541011/2011 
FDA 17Paralichthys lethostigmaSouthern FlounderFlounder or Fluke39406111/2011 
FDA 76Paralichthys lethostigmaSouthern FlounderFlounder or Fluke39419311/2011 
FDA 230Paralichthys lethostigmaSouthern FlounderFlounder or Fluke40497710/2012 
FDA 179Paranthias furciferAtlantic CreolefishBass, Sea39834211/2011 
FDA 81Pareques umbrosusCubbyuDrum or Cubbyu39420211/2011 
FDA 34Peprilus paruAmerican HarvestfishButterfish39406211/2011 
RFE 313Parophrys vetulusEnglish SoleSole 11/2011 
RFE 363Parophrys vetulusEnglish SoleSole 11/2011 
RFE 364Parophrys vetulusEnglish SoleSole 11/2011 
FDA 118Phycis chesteriLongfin HakeHake39546411/2011 
RFE 387Platichthys stellatusStarry FlounderFlounderC-8487911/2011 
RFE 388Platichthys stellatusStarry FlounderFlounderC-8487911/2011 
RFE 393Platichthys stellatusStarry FlounderFlounderC-8487911/2011 
RFE 394Platichthys stellatusStarry FlounderFlounderC-8487911/2011 
FDA 122Pogonias cromisBlack DrumDrum39547311/2011 
RFE 277Pogonias cromisBlack DrumDrumC-9226111/2011 
RFE 281Pogonias cromisBlack DrumDrumC-9226111/2011 
RFE 282Pogonias cromisBlack DrumDrumC-9226111/2011 
RFE 350Pollachius virensPollockPollock 11/2011 
RFE 353Pollachius virensPollockPollock 11/2011 
FDA 281Polyodon spatulaMississippi Paddlefishn/a42112609/2013 
FDA 148Pomadasys kaakanJavelin GrunterGrunt39550111/2011 
FDA 27Pomatomus saltatrixBluefishBluefish39414211/2011 
FDA 62Pomatomus saltatrixBluefishBluefish39417411/2011 
FDA 220Pomatomus saltatrixBluefishBluefish40237610/2012 
FDA 53Priacanthus arenatusAtlantic BigeyeBigeye39418211/2011 
FDA 47Prionotus rubioBlackwing Searobinn/a39418411/2011 
FDA 72Pristigenys altaShort BigeyeBigeye39418911/2011 
RFE 342Pseudopleuronectes americanus Blackback FlounderFlounder or Sole 11/2011 
FDA 203Pseudupeneus maculatusSpotted GoatfishGoatfish40495310/2012 
FDA 66Rachycentron canadumCobiaCobia39420111/2011 
FDA 167Rachycentron canadumCobiaCobia39834011/2011 
FDA 124Raja eglanteriaClearnose SkateSkate395475  
FDA 196Rastrelliger kanagurtaIndian MackerelMackerel40495410/2012 
FDA 101Rhizoprionodon terraenovaeAtlantic Sharpnose Sharkn/a39540411/2011 
FDA 14Rhomboplites aurorubensVermillion SnapperSnapper39414911/2011 
FDA 77Rhomboplites aurorubensVermilion SnapperSnapper39419211/2011 
FDA 215Rhomboplites aurorubensVermilion SnapperSnapper40499910/2012 
RFE 390Ruvettus pretiosusOilfishOilfishC-8488011/2011 
RFE 391Ruvettus pretiosusOilfishOilfishC-8488011/2011 
RFE 395Ruvettus pretiosusOilfishOilfishC-8488011/2011 
FDA 46Rypticus saponaceusSoap Fishn/a39418511/2011 
FDA 24Salmo salarAtlantic SalmonSalmon, Atlantic39415111/2011 
RFE 371Salmo salarAtlantic SalmonSalmon, Atlantic 11/201111/2013
FDA 38Sciaenops ocellatusRed DrumDrum or Redfish39414311/2011 
FDA 212Sciaenops ocellatusRed DrumDrum or Redfish40237410/2012 
RFE 278Sciaenops ocellatusRed DrumDrum or RedfishC-9226011/2011 
RFE 288Sciaenops ocellatusRed DrumDrum or RedfishC-9226011/2011 
FDA 263Scomber coliasAtlantic Chub MackerelMackerel, Chub41056308/2013 
RFE 269Scomber japonicusChub MackerelMackerel, ChubC-9731111/201111/2013 
FDA 119Scomberesox saurusAtlantic SaurySaury39546511/2011 
FDA 80Scomberomorus cavallaKing MackerelMackerel, Spanish39419611/2011 
FDA 88Scomberomorus maculatusAtlantic Spanish MackerelMackerel, Spanish39419411/2011 
FDA 219Scomberomorus maculatusAtlantic Spanish MackerelMackerel, Spanish40237810/2012 
FDA 32Scomberomorus regalisCeroMackerel, Spanish39414611/2011 
RFE 344Scophthalmus aquosusWindowpaneFlounder 11/2011 
RFE 345Scophthalmus aquosusWindowpaneFlounder 11/2011 
FDA 92Scorpaena disparHunchback ScorpionfishScorpionfish39542111/2011 
RFE 385Sebastes aleutianusRougheye RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
FDA 265Sebastes alutusPerch, Ocean or RockfishPacific Ocean Perch41055108/2013 
FDA 266Sebastes alutusPerch, Ocean or RockfishPacific Ocean Perch41055208/2013 
FDA 267Sebastes alutusPerch, Ocean or RockfishPacific Ocean Perch41055308/2013 
RFE 319Sebastes alutusPacific Ocean PerchPacific Ocean Perch 11/2011 
RFE 381Sebastes entomelasWindow RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 365Sebastes flavidusYellowtail RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 373Sebastes flavidusYellowtail RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 374Sebastes flavidusYellowtail RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 382Sebastes flavidusYellowtail RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 522Sebastes flavidusYellowtail RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 359Sebastes maligerQuillback RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 349Sebastes norvegicusGolden RedfishPerch, Ocean 11/2011 
RFE 320Sebastes pinnigerCanary RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
RFE 369Sebastes pinnigerCanary RockfishRockfish 11/2011 
FDA 201Selaroidea leptolepisThinscaled Trevallyn/a40236110/2012 
RFE 262Selene peruvianaPacific MoonfishJackC-9721511/2011 
RFE 264Selene peruvianaPacific MoonfishJackC-9721511/2011 
RFE 508Selene peruvianaPacific MoonfishJackC-9721511/2011 
FDA 84Selene setapinnisAtlantic MoonfishJack39419911/2011 
FDA 64Selene vomerLookdownJack39418711/2011 
RFE 274Semicossyphus pulcherCalifornia SheepheadSheepsheadC-9226511/2011 
RFE 275Semicossyphus pulcherCalifornia SheepheadSheepsheadC-9226511/201111/2013
FDA 189Seriola dumeriliGreater AmberjackAmberjack39950011/2011 
RFE 304Seriola quinqueradiataBuriAmberjackC-8152711/2011 
FDA 105Seriola rivolianaAlmaco JackAmberjack39541311/2011 
FDA 226Serranus phobeTattlern/a40497310/2012 
FDA 224Serranus subligariusBelted Sandfishn/a40496810/2012 
RFE 529Siganus javusJava RabbitfishStreaked SpinefootC-9722111/2011 
FDA 209Sparus aurataGilt Headed BreamBream40236110/2012 
FDA 268Sphoeroides maculatusNorthern PufferPuffer41054808/2013 
FDA 269Sphoeroides maculatusNorthern PufferPuffer41054908/2013 
FDA 270Sphoeroides maculatusNorthern PufferPuffer41055008/2013 
FDA 1-2Sphoeroides nephelusSouthern PufferPuffer39258611/2011 
FDA 1-3Sphoeroides nephelusSouthern PufferPuffer39258711/2011 
FDA 1-4Sphoeroides nephelusSouthern PufferPuffer392588  
FDA 3-2Sphoeroides spengleriBandtail PufferPuffer39117411/2011 
FDA 3-4Sphoeroides spengleriBandtail PufferPuffer39117611/2011 
FDA 2-1Sphoeroides testudineusCheckered PufferPuffer39258911/2011 
FDA 2-3Sphoeroides testudineusCheckered PufferPuffer39259111/2011 
FDA 2-4Sphoeroides testudineusCheckered PufferPuffer39259211/2011 
RFE 301Sphyraena argenteaPacific BarracudaBarracudaC-20985611/2011 
RFE 303Sphyraena argenteaPacific BarracudaBarracudaC-20985611/2011 
RFE 230Sphyraena barracudaGreat BarracudaBarracudaC-8802311/2011 
RFE 397Sphyraena barracudaGreat BarracudaBarracudaC-8802311/2011 
RFE 400Sphyraena barracudaGreat BarracudaBarracudaC-8802311/2011 
RFE 403Sphyraena barracudaGreat BarracudaBarracudaC-8802311/2011 
FDA 183Sphyraena guachanchoGuaguancheBarracuda39833011/2011 
FDA 186Sphyrna lewiniScalloped HammerheadShark or Hammerhead39832711/2011 
FDA 100Sphyrna tiburoBonnetheadShark or Bonnethead39540711/2011 
FDA 26Stenotomus chrysopsScupPorgy or Scup39415311/2011 
FDA 170Synodus foetensInshore LizardfishLizardfish39834311/2011 
FDA 146Symphorichthys spilurusSailfin SnapperSnapper39549911/2011 
FDA 143Symphorus nematophorusChinamanfishSnapper39549611/2011 
FDA 10Takifugu ChinensisKarasu J (puffer)Puffer39330111/2011 
FDA 13-1Takifugu niphoblesKasafugu J (puffer)Puffer39330411/2011 
FDA 13-2Takifugu niphoblesKasafugu J (puffer)Puffer39330511/2011 
FDA 13-3Takifugu niphoblesKasafugu J (puffer)Puffer39330611/2011 
FDA 12Takifugu ocellatus(puffer)Puffer39330311/2011 
FDA 8-1Takifugu pardalisHiganfugu J (puffer)Puffer39263811/2011 
FDA 8-2Takifugu pardalisHiganfugu J (puffer)Puffer39263911/2011 
FDA 8-3Takifugu pardalisHiganfugu J (puffer)Puffer39263711/2011 
FDA 7-1Takifugu poecilonotusKomonfugu J (puffer)Puffer39263511/2011 
FDA 7-2Takifugu poecilonotusKomonfugu J (puffer)Puffer39263611/2011 
FDA 7-3Takifugu poecilonotusKomonfugu J (puffer)Puffer39263411/2011 
FDA 41Takifugu porphyreusMafugu J (puffer)Puffer39411311/2011 
FDA 9-1Takifugu snyderiShousaifugu J (puffer)Puffer7937311/2011 
FDA 9-2Takifugu snyderiShousaifugu J (puffer)Puffer7937411/2011 
FDA 11Takifugu vermicularisNashifugu J (puffer)Puffer39330211/2011 
FDA 40Takifugu xanthopterusShimafugu J (puffer)Puffer39411211/2011 
RFE 243Theragra chalcogrammaAlaska PollockPollock or Alaska PollockC-9730511/2011 
RFE 231Thunnus alalungaAlbacore TunaTunaC-9730211/2011 
RFE 233Thunnus alalungaAlbacore TunaTunaC-9730211/2011 
RFE 404Thunnus alalungaAlbacore TunaTunaC-9730211/2011 
RFE 248Thunnus albacaresYellowfin TunaTunaC-20859811/2011 
RFE 250Thunnus albacaresYellowfin TunaTunaC-20859811/2011 
FDA 83Trachinotus carolinusFlorida PompanoPompano39419711/2011 
FDA 236Trachinotus carolinusFlorida PompanoPompano40498410/2012 
FDA 194Trachinotus ovatusDerbioPompano40236610/2012 
FDA 173Trichiurus lepturusAtlantic CutlassfishCutlassfish39833111/2011 
RFE 279Trichiurus lepturusAtlantic CutlassfishCutlassfishC-9225911/2011 
RFE 280Trichiurus lepturusAtlantic CutlassfishCutlassfishC-9225911/2011 
FDA 21Urophycis chussRed HakeHake39405811/2011 
FDA 217Urophycis floridanaSouthern HakeHake40575110/2012 
FDA 140Variola loutiYellow-edged LyretailGrouper39549311/2011 
RFE 383Zeus faberJohn DoryDoryC-8488111/2011 
RFE 384Zeus faberJohn DoryDoryC-8488111/2011 
FDA 115Zoarces americanusOcean PoutOcean Pout39547111/2011 

* All FDA specimens are authenticated and vouchered at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) disclaimer icon.   RFE specimens are authenticated and most are vouchered at the California Academy of Sciences (CAS) disclaimer icon.  Muesum voucher references are provided.
FD&C Act: Sec. 403(t)17 is applicable for this name; see the Seafood List Guidance for additional information.
Some species have more than one acceptable Market name. These are separated by or. An n/a indicates that this species is not in the Seafood List.
J Japanese common name for specimens of Takifugu spp.