The Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database (FDMSD) is a tool designed to assist owners, operators or agents in charge of companies that produce, process, store, package, distribute, and/or transport food with identifying preventive measures to protect the food against intentional adulteration. The FDMSD provides a range of mitigation strategies for individuals to consider implementing at points, steps or procedures to minimize the vulnerability to an intentional attack.
The mitigation strategies within the database represent a variety of measures that may not be appropriate for all situations. Some mitigation strategies listed within the database should be used in conjunction with other strategies to be effective, while other strategies may be effective and appropriate as stand-alone measures. These strategies are specific to categories, subcategories and process steps covering many aspects of the food production and distribution process, but may not represent an exhaustive list of all steps in a food process, or all possible mitigation strategies. Not all strategies are applicable or practical for all sizes and types of food production. It is the responsibility of the owner, operator or agent in charge to choose the strategy or combination of strategies that are most effective and appropriate for their facility.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are mitigation strategies?
Mitigation strategies are those risk-based, reasonably appropriate measures that a person knowledgeable about food defense would employ at vulnerable points in a process to minimize or prevent intentional adulteration of the food. Mitigation strategies may be implemented at many points throughout the production process including on farm and during processing, distribution, and retail.
How many mitigation strategies do I have to use?
It is recommended that you implement the appropriate number of mitigation strategies needed to ensure the foods produced in your facility are safe and secured.
Who will benefit from using the Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database?
The tool is designed for use throughout the food industry, both domestically and internationally, and will aid companies in protecting their food products from an intentional adulteration incident.
Is there a cost to use the tool?
As with all of FDA’s food defense tools, there is no fee for using the Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database.
If you have additional questions or need more information, please email FoodDefense@fda.hhs.gov.
FDA has taken all reasonable precautions in creating the Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database (version 1.0). However, FDA is not responsible for errors, omissions or deficiencies regarding the tool and the accompanying documentation. The Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database is being made available “as is” and without warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties of performance, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose. FDA and its contractors are not making a commitment in any way to regularly update the database.
It is the responsibility of the owner, operator or agent in charge to choose the strategy or combination of strategies that are most effective and appropriate for their facility. Some strategies listed within the database are meant to be implemented in conjunction with other strategies or in tandem with other food defense policies and procedures. Choosing and following strategies within this database does not constitute compliance with any FDA laws, regulations, or guidance.
Further, in no event shall FDA be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from the use, misuse, or inability to use the database.
Third parties' use of or acknowledgment of the database does not in any way represent that FDA endorses such third parties or expresses any opinion with respect to their statements.