The following are resources on cosmetic label claims, expiration dating, ingredient names (nomenclature), and related regulatory and enforcement information.
Proper labeling is an important aspect of putting a cosmetic product on the market. FDA regulates cosmetic labeling under the authority of both the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) and the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA). Here's where to learn about labeling requirements:
- Overview of Labeling Requirements: What must cosmetic labels say?
- Summary of Regulatory Requirements for Cosmetic Labeling: More on the legal requirements that apply to cosmetic labeling
- Cosmetic Labeling Guide: Step-by-step help, with examples [Cosmetics Labeling Guide in PDF (279KB)]
- Labeling Regulations for Cosmetics: The authoritative source for cosmetic labeling requirements, from the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
- More on Labeling Regulations
Cosmetic labeling must be truthful and not misleading. Products intended to affect the structure or function of the body, or for a therapeutic purpose, such as treating or preventing disease, are subject to regulation as drugs. Here is information on claims that are sometimes made for cosmetic products:
- "Alcohol Free"
- "Cruelty Free"/"Not Tested on Animals"
- More on Labeling Claims
There are no regulations or requirements under current United States law that require cosmetic manufacturers to print expiration dates on the labels of cosmetic products, but cosmetic firms have a responsibility for the safety of their products. Here's where to learn more about shelf life and expiration dating.
Identifying ingredients on cosmetic labels can be a challenge. Here is information on requirements for ingredient nomenclature, labeling cosmetic products for the international market, and links to more resources.