Animal & Veterinary

Does the State or Federal VCPR Definition Apply to a Lawful VFD in my State?

21 CFR § 558.6 (b)(1) states:

(1) In order for a VFD to be lawful, the veterinarian issuing the VFD must:

(i) Be licensed to practice veterinary medicine; and

(ii) Be operating in the course of the veterinarian’s professional practice and in compliance with all applicable veterinary licensing and practice requirements, including issuing the VFD in the context of a veterinarian-client patient relationship (VCPR) as defined by the State. If applicable VCPR requirements as defined by such State do not include the key elements of a valid VCPR as defined in § 530.3(i) of this chapter, the veterinarian must issue the VFD in the context of a valid VCPR as defined in § 530.3(i) of this chapter.

On June 11, 2015, CVM mailed a letter to the entity with authority over the practice of veterinary medicine in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. In that letter, CVM committed to publishing a list indicating whether a state-defined VCPR or a federally-defined VCPR is required for a lawful veterinary feed directive in each state. In addition CVM reported plans to post relevant correspondence received from state regulatory authorities on its Veterinary Feed Directive website. This information is presented in the table, below.


VCPR Requirement by State

StateFor a lawful VFD, this VCPR definition applies:State AuthorityWas Correspondence received from the State?
AlabamaFederalSec. 34-29-61 (20); Sec. 34-29-76 (9); Rule 930-X-1-.11 
AlaskaFederal12 AAC 68.080 Sec 08.98.250 
ArizonaStateChapter 21. Article 1. Section 32-2201 (25); Article 3. Sec. 32-2232 (25) 
Arkansasdisclaimer iconFederalA.C.A. Sec 17-101-102 (11); A.C.A. Sec 17-101-102 and 305 Yes
CaliforniaState16 CCR Sec. 2032.1 (b); 2032.3 (a)(13); 2032.1 (a) 
ColoradoStateC.R.S Sec 12-64-103 (15.5); C.R.S. Sec. 12-64-111 (1) (aa); Rule III Veterinary Medical Ethics and Code of Conduct (7) & (8). Yes
ConnecticutFederalSec. 20-197. Yes
DelawareFederalTitle 24 Chapter 33 Sec. 3302 Yes
District of ColumbiaFederalSec. 2813 and 2899 
Floridadisclaimer iconFederalChapter 474.202 (12); 474.214 (y); Chapter 465.003 (8) & (14); 61 G 18-30.001 (y) 
GeorgiaFederalOCGA Sec 43-50-3 (15); OCGA Sec. 43-50-3 (11); Rule 700-8.01 (e) 
HawaiiFederalHRS Sec 471-10 (b)(12); Chapter 471 Yes
IdahoStateIDAPA 46 .01.01 (150); (152); (154 (08)); IDAPA 46 .01.01 (153.01 (c ) & (d)) 
Illinoisdisclaimer iconState225 ILCS 115/3; Sec. 5.5 
IndianaStateIC 25-38.1-1-14.5; 888 IAC 1.1-5-1; Rule 5. 
IowaState811 IAC 12.1(169); 811-12.2 or 12.3 (169) 
KansasFederalKansas Veterinary Practice Act 47-816 (n); Kansas Administrative Regulations Article 70-7-1 (f) and (i) and 70-8-1 (k) 
KentuckyStateKRS Sec. 321.185 (1) 
Louisianadisclaimer iconStateLAC 46:LXXXV.700; Sec 705 A 1 Prohibited Activities Yes
MaineStateTitle 32, Sec. 21. 32 MRSA §4877 Yes
MarylandFederalCOMAR 15.14.01.03 B. (14); 15.14.01.03 (5); 15.14.01.12-2 (B) 
MassachusettsFederal256 CMR 2..01; 5.02; 7.01 (2) (e) 
MichiganFederalR 338.4922 Rule 22; R 338.4923 
MinnesotaStateMinn. Stat. Sec 156.16 (12); 9100.0800 Subpart (1) 
Mississippidisclaimer iconStateSec 73-39-53 (v); Part 1701 Chapter 3; Sec 73-39-53 (s); Sec 73-39-59 (2) 
MissouriStateChapter 340.200 (23); 340.200 (15); 20 CSR 2270-4.031 Yes
MontanaFederal - see comment  
NebraskaStateR.R.S. Neb Sec. 38-3316; 38-3312 (1) 
Nevadadisclaimer iconStateNAC 638.0175; NAC 638.046 
New HampshireStatePart Vet 501.01 ; RSA 332-B:14, II (c) 
New JerseyFederalN.J.A.C 13:44-4.1 (b)(1); 13:44-4.1 (b) 
New Mexicodisclaimer iconStateChapter 21. Article 14. Sec. 61-14-2 J ; 61-14-13 (22) Yes
New YorkFederal  
North Carolinadisclaimer iconStateN.C. Gen. Stat. Sec 90-181 (7a); 90-187.8 (c) (18)Yes 
North Dakotadisclaimer iconStateChapter 43-29-01.1 (9); Minimum standards of practice 87-05-02-02 
OhioStateOhio Revised Code Sec. 4741.04; Rule 4741-1-05 Yes
Oklahoma disclaimer iconStateSec. 698.2 (13); 698.14a E 20; 698.11 A 1. 
OregonStateOR Admin R 875- 005-0005; 875- 011-0010 (12); 875 -015-0030 (8); 875- 015-0030 (6) (b) and (d); 875- 015-0030 (1)(h) generally and (R) 
PennsylvaniaFederalP.L.995, No.326, Sec 3 (15); Rule (Principal 8 Drugs) 
Rhode IslandFederalR.I. Gen. Laws Sec. 5-25-2 (6) and Rule 1.11 Yes
South Carolinadisclaimer iconStateS.C. Code Regs. 120-1 Definitions C VCPR; 120-10 D (1) 
South Dakotadisclaimer iconFederalSec. 39-18-34.1; 36-12-22 
TennesseeStateT.C.A Sec. 63-12-103(17); Rule 1730-01.21 Yes
TexasStateSection 801.351 Subchapter H 
UtahStateUtah Administrative Code Sec. 58-28-102 (15); 58-28-102 (11); 58-28-604; R156-28-102 (11); R156-28-502(3) 
Vermontdisclaimer iconFederalRule 3.7, See also 2.1 (k) Yes
VirginiaStateSec. 54.1-3303; 18 VAC 150-20-172; Sec. 54.1-3455 Schedule VI (2) and (3); 18 VAC 150-20-172 
WashingtonFederalWAC 246-933-010(7); 246-933-340; 246-933-060; and 246-934-020(5). Yes
West Virginiadisclaimer iconStateArticle 10 Sec. 30-10-3 (w); 10 Sec. 30-10-3 (o); 30-10-9 & Series 4 Standards of Practice Sec 26-4-4 4.2; & Sec. 26-4-4 4.4 A 
WisconsinFederalWis Stat Sec 453.02 (8), 453.02 (9); 453.068 and VE 7 
Wyomingdisclaimer iconStateWCWR 024-251-004 Chapter 4 Sec 3 (a) 

Comment: Verification of VCPR authority was not made at the time of the last update to this posting generally due to the timing of meetings of the state veterinary licensing board. The Federal VCPR definition remains the requirement.

Last Updated: November 13, 2015

Page Last Updated: 11/18/2015
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