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  1. Youth and Tobacco

Youth Tobacco Use: Results from the National Youth Tobacco Survey


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2019 E-Cigarette Data

FDA and CDC released findings from the 2019 National Youth Tobacco Survey. The results show disturbing rates of e-cigarette use among both middle and high school students in 2019, with more than 5 million youth reporting having used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days and nearly one million reporting daily use. While cigarette smoking is at an all-time low among high school students, increases in e-cigarette use have reversed progress made in the decline of overall youth tobacco use.

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2019 National Youth Tobacco Survey shows youth e-cigarette use at alarming levels

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Learn about the Youth Tobacco Prevention Plan and FDA's ongoing strategies to reduce youth access and use of e-cigarettes.


Understanding Why Students Use E-Cigarettes

CDC and FDA analyzed data from NYTS 2016 to assess reasons youth use e-cigarettes. Among those who had ever used an e-cigarette, the most commonly selected reasons for use were:

  • Use by "friend or family member" (39.0%)
  • Availability of "flavors such as mint, candy, fruit, or chocolate" (31.0%)
  • The belief that "they are less harmful than other forms of tobacco such as cigarettes" (17.1%)

Read the full report: Reasons for Electronic Cigarette Use Among Middle and High School Students—National Youth Tobacco Survey, United States, 2016


Goals of NYTS

FDA is committed to a science-based approach that addresses public health issues associated with tobacco use. We collaborate with CDC on this nationally representative survey of middle and high school students that focuses exclusively on tobacco use. NYTS was designed to provide national data on long-term, intermediate, and short-term indicators key to the design, implementation, and evaluation of comprehensive tobacco prevention and control programs.


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