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Evaluation of Toxic Profiles of Tobacco Additives in a Systemic, Tiered Approach

Principal Investigator: Nicole Sawyer and Berran Yucesoy

Funding Mechanism: Research Contract

ID number:  HHSF223201510001I

Award Date: 3/2/2016

Institution: Lovelace


The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of cigarette additives on in vitro mutagenicity and cytotoxicity using respiratory tract and heart cells. Investigators will first conduct a comprehensive systematic literature review to identify information on the selected additives (in unburnt and burnt form). Next, investigators will expose human airway epithelial and cardiac cell lines to freshly-generated whole cigarette smoke (using the ISO and Health Canada Intensive smoking regimens) for various assays at the air-liquid interface. Study objectives are: (1) to determine the cytotoxic potential of ingredients and/or their pyrolysis products using the neutral red assay, the lactate dehydrogenase leakage assay, and the methyl tetrazolium assay; and (2) to determine the genotoxic potential of ingredients and/or their pyrolysis products using the comet assay, Ames test, and micronucleus test.