2003Q-0559 Qualified Health Claim (QHC): Monounsaturated fatty acids and reduced risk of coronary heart disease

Comment C5


Bibliographic Supplement to Comment of ACH Foods Inc.

  1. AHA Dietary Guidlines 2000, Krauss et al., A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the Nutrition Committeeof the AHA. Circulation 2000; 102:2284-99.
  2. Cuchel M, Schwab US, Jones PJ, Vogel S, Lammi-Keefe C, Li Z, Ordovas J. McNamara JR, Schaefer EJ, Lichtenstein AH. Impact of hydrogenated fat consumption on endogenous cholesterol synthesis and susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein to oxidation in moderately hypercholesterolemic individuals. Metabolism. 1996 Feb;45(2):241-7.
  3. FDA Task Force Report, 2003 ( www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/nuttftoc.html )
  4. FDA/NIH Health People 2010, ch. 19 (Nutrition and Health) (http://www.healthypeople.gov/Document/pdf/Volume2/19Nutrition.pdf )
  5. HHS/USDA Dietary Guidelines, Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2000 (http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dgac/pdf/dgac_ful.pdf)
  6. IOM Macronutrient Report Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Chapter 11 Macronutrients) (2002) The National Academies Press (http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10490.html)

    Summary: http://books.nap.edu/books/0309085373/html/1.html
    Chapter 11: http://books.nap.edu/books/0309085373/html/609.html#pagetop
  7. Jones PJ, Lichtenstein AH, Schaefer EJ, Namchuk GL. Effect of dietary fat selection on plasma cholesterol synthesis in older, moderately hypercholesterolemic humans. Arterioscler Thromb. 1994 Apr; 14(4):542-8.
  8. Kohlmeier M, Riesen W, Schlierf G. Metabolic changes in healthy men using fat-modified diets. I. Disposition of serum cholesterol. Ann Nutr Metab. 1988; 32(1):1-9.
  9. Lichtenstein AH, AUsman LM, Carrasco W, Gualtieri LJ, Jenner JL, Ordovas JM, Nicolosi RJ, Goldin BR, Schaefer EJ, Rice bran oil consumption and plasma lipid levels in moderately hypercholesterolemic humans. Arterioscler Thromb.1994 APR;14(4):549-56.
  10. Lichtenstein AH, Ausman LM, Carrasco W, Jenner JL, Gualtieri LJ, Goldin BR, Ordovas JM, Schaefer EJ, Effects of Canola, corn, and olive oils on fasting andpostprandial plasma lipoproteins in humans as part of a National Cholesteol Eduction Program Step 2 diet. Arterioscler Thromb. 1993 Oct;13(10):1533-42.
  11. NCEP Report, Nat'l Cholesterol Eduction Progra, Nat'l Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst., NIH, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III), Final Report, V. Adopting Healthful Lifestyle Habits to Lower LDL Cholesterol and Reduce CHD Risk, Sept. 2002. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/atp3full.pdf
  12. Ostlun RE Jr, Racette SB, Okeke A, Stenson WF. Phytosterols that are naturally present in commercial corn oil significantly reduce cholesterol absorption in humans. AM J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jun; 75(6):1000-4.
  13. Radack K, Deck C, Huster G. The Comparative effects of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids on plasma fibrinogen levels: a controlled clinical trieal in hypertriglyceridemic subjects. J Am Coll Nutr. 1990 Aug;9(4):352-7.
  14. Schwab US, Ausman LM, Vogel S, Li Z, Lammi-Keefe CJ, Goldin BR, Ordovas JM, Schaefer EJ, Lichtenstein AH, Dietary cholesterol increases the susceptibility of low density lipoprotein to oxidative modification. Atheroschlerosis. 2000 Mar;149(1):83-90.
  15. Schwab US, Vogel S, Lammi-Keefe CJ, Ordovas JM, Schaefer EJ, Li Z, Ausman LM, Gualtieri L, Goldin BR, Furr HC, Lichtenstein AH. Varying dietary fat type of reduced-fat diets has little effect on the susceptibility of LDL to oxidative modification in moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects. J Nutr. 1998 Oct;128(10):1703-9.
  16. Sirtori CR, Tremoli E, Gatti E, Montanari G, Sirtori M, Colli S, Gianfranceschi G, Maderna P, Dentone CZ, Testolin G, et al. Controlled evaluation of fat intake in the Mediterranean diet: comparative activities of olive oil and corn oil on plasma lipids and platelets in high-risk patients. Am J Clin Nutr. 1986 Nov;44(5):635-42.
  17. Wagner KH, Tomasch R, Elmadfa I. Impact of diets containing corn oil or olive/sunflower oil mixture on the human plasma and lipoprotein lipid metabolism. Eur J Nutr. 2001 Aug;40(4):161-7.
  18. WHO 2003 Report; Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases, Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation, WHO Technical Report Series 916, 2003 http://www.who.int/hpr/NPH/docs/who_fao_expert_report.pdf