Topic I.  West Nile Virus (WNV) Donor Testing


1.    T.F Tsai, F Popovic, C Cernescu, G. L. Campbell, N I Nedeicu. West Nile encephalitis epidemic in southeastern Romania, The Lancet, Vol. 352, September 5, 1998.


2.  Lanciotti, Robert S., Kerst, Amy J., Nasci, Roger S. et al. Rapid Detection of  West Nile Virus from  Human Clinical Specimens, Field-Collected Mosquitoes, and Avian Samples by a TaqMan Reverse Transcriptase-PCR Assay, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Nov. 200., p. 4066-4071.


3.   Southam, Chester, M., Moore, Alice E. Moore.  Induced Virus Infections in Man by the Egypt Isolates of West Nile Virus. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg (1954) 3:19-50.


4.   Brinton, Margo A.  The Molecular Biology of West Nile Virus:  A New Invader of the Western Hemisphere.  Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 2003. 56:371-402.


5.   Martin, Denise A., Biggerstaff, Brad J., et al.  Use of Immunoglobulin M Cross-Reaction in Differential Diagnosis of Human Flaviviral  Encephalitis Infections in the United States. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology, May 2002, p. 544-549.


6.   Roehrig, Johon T., Nash, Denis, Maldin, Beth, et al.  Persistence of Virus-Reactive Serum Immunoglobulin  M Antibody in Confirmed West Nile Virus Encephalitis Cases. Centers for Disease  Control  and Prevention.  Emerg. Infect Dis, 2003 March.


7.   Biggerstaff, Brad j., Petersen, Lyle R. Estimated Risk of West Nile Virus Transmission Through Blood Transfusion During an Epidemic in Queens, New York City. Transfusion  August, 2002;42:1019-1026.


8.   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Provisional Surveillance Summary of the West Nile Virus Epidemic – United States, January –November 2002. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, December 20,  2002, Vol. 1, No. 50.


9.   Goldblum, Natan, Sterek, Velimir V., Paderski, Babuch. West Nile Fever:  The Clinical Features of the Disease and The Isolation of West Nile Virus From the Blood of Nine Human Cases. Am.J. Hyg. 1954, Vol. 59: pp89-106.


10.  Prowse, C. V., An ABC for West Nile Virus. Transfusion  Medicine, 2003, 13,1-7.


11.  Petersen, Lyle R. and Marfin, Anthony A., West Nile Virus:  A Primer for the Clinician. Annals of Internal Medicine, August 2002, Volume 137:173-179.