1.      Christopher D. Meiering and Maxine L. Linial. Historical Perspective of Foamy Virus Epidemiology and Infection. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, Jan. 2001, p. 165-176.


2.      Maxine Linial. Why aren’t foamy viruses pathogenic? Trends in Microbiology, Vol. 8 No. 6. June 2000.


3.      Earl L. Blewett,٭ Darla H. Black,† Nicholas W.Lerche,≠ Gary White,§ and R. Eberle†. Simian Foamy Virus Infections in a Baboon Breeding Colony. Virology 278, 183-193 (2000).


4.      Hsiao-Yun Tai, Kuang-Hui Sun, Szu-Hao Kung, Wu-Tse Liu. A quantitative assay for measuring human foamy virus using an established indicator cell line. Journal of Virological Methods 94 (2001) 155-162.


5.      Matthias Schweizer, Valeria Falcon, Jennifer Gange, Robert Turek and Dieter Neumann-Haefelin. Simian Foamy Virus Isolated from an Accidentally Infected Human Individual. Journal of Virology, June 1997, p. 4821-4824.


6.      I.G. Winkler, R.M. Flugel, K Asikainen, R.L.P. Flower. Antibody to Human Foamy Virus Not Detected in Individuals Treated with Blood Products or in Blood Donors. Vox Sang 2000, 79:118.


7.      Walid Heneine, William M. Switzer, Paul Sandstrom, Jennifer Brown, Shanmugam Vedapuri, Charles A. Schable, Arifa S. Khan, Nicholas W. Lerche, Matthias Schweizer, Dieter Neumann-Haefelin, Louisa E. Chapman & Thomas M. Folks. Identification of a human population infected with simian foamy viruses. NATURE MEDICINE. Volume 4. Number 4. April 1998.


8.      Arifa S. Khan, Johnna F. Sears, Jacqueline Muller, Teresa A. Galvin and Muhammad Shahabuddin. Sensitive Assays for Isolation and Detection of Simian Foamy Retroviruses. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Aug. 1999, p. 2678-2686


9.      Munaf Ali, Graham P. Taylor, Richard J. Pitman, David Parker, Axel Rethwilm, Rachanee Cheingsong-Popov, Jonathan N. Weber, Paul D. Bieniasz, Jan Bradley and Myra O. McClure. No Evidence of Antibody to Human Foamy Virus in Widespread Human Populations. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES, Volume 12, Number 15, 1996.


10.  Robin A Weiss. A Virus in search of a disease. NEWS AND NEWS. Vol. 333 9 June 1988.




11.  Paul A. Goepfert, G. Douglas Ritter Jr., Xiaobing Peng, Aiah A. Gbakima, Yuan Zhang and Mark J. Mulligan Analysis of West African Hunters for Foamy Virus Infections. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES, Volume 12, Number 18, 1996.


12.  Robin A. Weiss. Humans exposed to simian retroviruses can occasionally become infected, but the real concern is whether human to human spread will occur, as in AIDS. NATURE MEDICINE. Volume 4. Number 4. April 1998. Pages 403-407.


13.  Paul A Sandstrom, Kim Oanh Phan, William M. Switzer, Terry Fredeking, Louisa Chapman, Walid Heneine and Thomas M. Folks. Simian Foamy Virus Infection Among Zoo Keepers. THE LANCET. Vol. 355. February 12, 2000.


14.  Matthias Schweizer, Robert Turek, Heidi Hahn, Andreas Schliephake, Kai-Olaf Netzer, Gerald Eder, Michael Reinhardt, Axel Rethwilm and Dieter Neumann-Haefelin. Markers of Foamy Virus Infections in Monkeys, Apes, and Accidentally Infected Humans: Appropriate Testing Fails to Confirm Suspected Foamy Virus Prevalence in Humans. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES, Volume 11, Number 1, 1995.