- Animal & Veterinary
- Roach's Dairy Farm
- Issuing Office:
- New York District Office
Department of Health and Human Services
|Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration
New York District
158-15 Liberty Avenue
Jamaica, NY 11433
December 11, 2014
WARNING LETTER NYK-2015-13
VIA UNITED PARCEL SERVICE
DELIVERY SIGNATURE REQUESTED
Mr. Thomas L. Roach, Co-Owner
Ms. Diane R. Roach, Co-Owner
Roach’s Dairy Farm
2227 Stewarts Corners Road
Scipio Center, New York 13147-3187
Dear Mr. and Ms. Roach:
On September 24 and 30, 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy operation located at 2227 Stewarts Corners Road, Scipio Center, New York. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about April 17, 2014, you sold a bob veal calf, identified with (b)(4), for slaughter as food. On or about April, 18, 2014, (b)(4), slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of desfuroylceftiofur (marker residue for ceftiofur) at 1.94 parts per million (ppm) in the kidney tissue. FDA has established a tolerance of 0.4 parts per million (ppm) for residues of desfuroylceftiofur in the uncooked edible kidney tissue of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 556.113(b)(3)(i) (21 C.F.R. 556.113(b)(3)(i)). However, this tolerance does not apply to the use of (b)(4), in calves to be processed for veal, and there is no acceptable level of residue associated with the use of (b)(4) in calves to be processed for veal. The presence of this drug in edible tissues from this animal in this amounts causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to maintain complete treatment records, you failed to identify animals transported and delivered for sale at an auction yard and you held expired drugs in your drug inventory. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 342(a)(4).
We also found that you adulterated the new animal drugs (b)(4). Specifically, our investigation revealed that you did not use (b)(4) and (b)(4) as directed by its approved labeling. Use of these drugs in this manner is an extralabel use, as defined under 21 C.F.R. 530.3(a).
The extralabel use of approved animal or human drugs in animals is allowed under the FD&C Act only if the extralabel use complies with sections 512(a)(4) and (5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. §§ 360b(a)(4) and (5), and 21 C.F.R. Part 530, including that the use must be by or on the lawful order of a licensed veterinarian within the context of a valid veterinarian/client/patient relationship.
Our investigation found that you routinely administered (b)(4) to pre-ruminating calves without following the animal class as stated in the approved label. (b)(4) is prohibited for extralabel use in cattle by 21 C.F.R. 530.41(a)(13)(iii).
In addition, our investigation found that you administered the drug (b)(4), to a cow identified as (b)(4) and to your cows in general without following the indications for use, the dose, duration of treatment or frequency of treatment as stated in the approved labeling. Your extralabel use of (b)(4) was not under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, in violation of 21 C.F.R. 530.11(a).
Because your use of these drugs was not in conformance with their approved labeling and did not comply with 21 C.F.R. Part 530, you caused the drugs to be unsafe under section 512(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b(a), and adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(5) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 351(a)(5).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute is in compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your written response should be sent to LCDR Catherine M. Beer, Compliance Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 1 Winners Circle, Suite 110, Albany, New York 12205. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact Compliance Officer LCDR Catherine M. Beer at (518) 453-2314 x1015, or by e-mail at Catherine.firstname.lastname@example.org
Ronald M. Pace
New York District