Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration
Minneapolis District Office
250 Marquette Avenue, Suite 600
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Telephone: (612) 334-4100
FAX: (612) 334-4142
January 23, 2013
RETURN RECEIPT REQUESTED
Refer to MIN 13 – 11
Steven A. Herdering
North Oak Dairy
29846 County Road 157
Freeport, Minnesota 56331
Dear Mr. and Mrs. Herdering:
On December 6 and 7, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your dairy operation located at 29846 County Road 157, Freeport, Minnesota. This letter notifies you of the violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act) that we found during our investigation of your operation. You can find the Act and its associated regulations on the Internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov.
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about August 13, 2012, you sold a dairy cow identified with farm tag #(b)(4) for slaughter as food. On or about August 13, 2012, (b)(4), slaughtered this animal. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of desfuroylceftiofur at 1.43 parts per million (ppm) in the kidney.
FDA has established a tolerance of 0.4 ppm for residues of desfuroylceftiofur in the uncooked edible kidney tissue of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, section 556.113(b)(3)(i), 21 CFR 556.113(b)(3)(i). The presence of this drug in this concentration in edible kidney tissue from this animal causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to ensure that withdrawal times were observed prior to offering an animal for slaughter for human food. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food from animals you raise are in compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice, such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within 15 working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your written response should be sent to Dr. Brian D. Garthwaite, Compliance Officer, Food and Drug Administration, at the address located on the letterhead. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact Dr. Garthwaite at (612) 758-7132.