Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration
Minneapolis District Office
250 Marquette Avenue, Suite 600
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Telephone: (612) 334-4100
FAX: (612) 334-4142
December 1, 2015
Via UPS Overnight Delivery
Refer to MIN 16 - 03
Mike T. and Shirley A. Baroun
11416 West Hillcrest Road
Whitelaw, Wisconsin 54247
Dear Mr. and Mrs. Baroun:
On September 18 and October 9, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an investigation of your replacement heifer operation located at 11416 West Hillcrest Road, Whitelaw, Wisconsin. This letter notifies you of violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that we found during our investigation of your operations. You can find the FD&C Act and its associated regulations on the internet through links on FDA’s web page at www.fda.gov.
We found that you offered for sale an animal for slaughter as food that was adulterated. Under section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it bears or contains a new animal drug that is unsafe under section 512 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 360b. Further, under section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4), a food is deemed to be adulterated if it has been held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.
Specifically, our investigation revealed that on or about June 29, 2015, you sold a heifer identified with bangle tag #(b)(4), for slaughter as food. On or about June 29, 2015, (b)(4), slaughtered this animal. United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA/FSIS) analysis of tissue samples collected from this animal identified the presence of desfuroylceftiofur, at 1.85 parts per million (ppm) in the kidney tissue.
FDA has established a tolerance of 0.4 ppm for residues of desfuroylceftiofur in the uncooked edible kidney tissue of cattle as codified in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (21 CFR), section 556.113. The presence of this drug in edible kidney tissues from this animal in this concentration causes the food to be adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(2)(C)(ii) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(2)(C)(ii).
Our investigation also found that you hold animals under conditions that are so inadequate that medicated animals bearing potentially harmful drug residues are likely to enter the food supply. For example, you failed to maintain treatment records for animals that you medicate, and you do not maintain a drug inventory of the drugs used to medicate livestock. Food from animals held under such conditions is adulterated within the meaning of section 402(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 342(a)(4).
The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a producer of animals offered for use as food, you are responsible for ensuring that your overall operation and the food you distribute are in compliance with the law.
You should take prompt action to correct the violations described in this letter and to establish procedures to ensure that these violations do not recur. Failure to do so may result in regulatory action without further notice such as seizure and/or injunction.
You should notify this office in writing of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law within 15 working days of receiving this letter. Your response should include each step that has been taken or will be taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective action cannot be completed within 15 working days of receiving this letter, state the reason for the delay and the time frame within which the corrections will be completed. Please include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
Your written response should be sent to Dianna C. Sonnenburg, Compliance Officer, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, at the address listed on this letterhead. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact