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# GUIDE TO NUTRITION LABELING AND EDUCATION ACT (NLEA) REQUIREMENTS-ATTACHMENT 6-8

ATTACHMENT 6

ROUNDING RULE TABLE FOR SERVING SIZE

MEASUREMENT TYPE UNIT INCREMENT ROUNDING
Discrete Units Servings < 50%="" of="" the="" reference="" amounts="" (ra):="" number="">

units closest to the RA = 1 serving

> 50% to < 67%="" of="" ra:="" then="" 1="" unit="1">

OR 2 units = 1 serving

>or = 67% to < 200%="" of="" ra:="" then="" 1="" unit="1">

>or = 200% of RA: then 1 unit = 1 serving, if it can
reasonably be consumed at a single eating
occasion

Common Household

Measures
Volume:

Cup (cup)

Tablespoon (Tbsp)

Teaspoon (tsp)

Fluid Ounce (fl oz)

Weight:

Ounce (oz)
Use "cup" in 1/3 or 1/4 cup increments, except may

use "fl oz" for beverages

>or = 2 Tbsp & < 1/4="" cup="whole">

Between 1 & 2 Tbsp, may use increments of: 1,

1 1/3, 1 «, 1 2/3, 2

>or = 1 tsp & < 1="" tbsp="whole">

< 1="" tsp="1/4" tsp="">

Ounce (oz) measures = 0.5 oz increments

Fluid Ounce (fl oz) = whole number increments

Serving sizes that fall half-way between two serving

sizes, manufacturers shall round up to the next

incremental size.

Metric Measures

Number of
Servings/Container
Volume:

Milliliters (ml)

Weight:

Gram (g)
Milligram (mg)
Numbers
> 5 = nearest whole number

>or = 2 and < 5="nearest">

< 2="nearest">

Round to the nearest whole number except for
servings between 2 and 5 servings

Between 2 and 5 servings = nearest 0.5 serving

Rounding should be indicated by the term "about"

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ATTACHMENT 7

ROUNDING RULES FOR DECLARING NUTRIENTS

Per Technical amendments of mandatory nutrition labeling final rule, August, 1993

Nutrient/Serving (M) Core Units Increment Rounding(**) Insignificant Other

(V)(*)

M
Nutrient

X

cal.

< 5="" cal="" -="" express="" as="">

< or="50" cal="" -="" express="" to="" nearest="" 5="" cal="">

> 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
Amount

< 5="">
Relevant Information(***)

101.9(c)(1)
Calories from fat M

cal < 5="" cal="" -="" express="" as="">

< or="50" cal="" -="" express="" to="" nearest="" 5="" cal="">

> 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
< 5=""> if < 0.5="" g="" fat:="" "cal="">
fat" not required
101.9(c)(1)(ii)
Calories from

saturated fat
V

cal < 5="" cal="" -="" express="" as="">

< or="express" to="" nearest="" 5="" cal="">

> 50 cal - express to nearest 10 cal increment
< 5=""> 101.9(c)(1)(iii)
Total fat M X g <0.5g -="" express="" as="">

< 5g="" -="" express="" in="" nearest="" 0.5g="">

> = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5=""> 101.9(c)(2)
Saturated fat M

g <0.5g -="" express="" as="">

5g - express to nearest 0.5g increment
> or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5=""> 101.9(c)(2)(i)
Polyunsaturated &
Monounsaturated
fat
V

g

5g -express to nearest 0.5g increment
<0.5g -="" express="" as="">

> or = 5g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5=""> 101.9(c)(2)(ii)&(iii)
Cholesterol M

mg ,2 mg - express as zero

2 - 5 mg - express as "less than 5 mg"
> 5 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment
< 2=""> 101.9(c)(3)
Sodium M X mg < 5="" mg="" -="" express="" as="">

5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment

> 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment
< 5=""> 101.9(c)(4)
Potassium V

mg < 5mg="" -="" express="" as="">

5 - 140 mg - express to nearest 5 mg Increment

> 140 mg - express to nearest 10 mg increment
< 5=""> 101.9(c)(5)
Total carbohydrate M X g < 0.5g="" -="" express="" as="">

< 1g="" -="" express="" as="" "contains="" less="" than="" 1g="" "="" or="" "less="" than="" 1g"="">

> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 1=""> 101.9(c)(6)
Dietary fiber M

g < 0.5g="" -="" express="" as="">

< 1g="" -="" express="" as="" "contains="" less="" than="" 1g="" "="" or="" "less="" than="">
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 1=""> 101.9(c)(6)(i)

ATTACHMENT 7

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Nutrient/Serving (M) (V)(*) Core Units
Nutrient
Increment Rounding(**) Insignificant Amount
Soluble & Insoluble
fiber
V

g < 0.5g="" -="" express="" as="">

< 1g="" -="" express="" as="" "contains="" less="" than="" 1g"="" or="" "less="" than="">
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5=""> 101.9(c)(6)(i)(A) & (B)
Sugars M

g < 0.5g="" -="" express="" as="">
< 1g="" -="" express="" as="" "contains="" less="" than="" 1g"="" or="" "less="" than="">
> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5=""> 101.9(c)(6)(ii)
Sugar alcohol V

g < 0.5g="" -="" express="" as="">

< 1g="" -="" express="" as="" "contains="" less="" than="" 1g"="" or="" "less="" than="" 1g"="">

> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5=""> 101.9(c)(8)(iii)
Other carbohydrate V

g < 0.5g="" -="" express="" as="">

< 1g="" -="" express="" as="" "contains="" less="" than="" 1g"="" or="" "less="" than="">

> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 0.5=""> 101.9(c)(6)(iv)
Protein M X g < 0.5g="" -="" express="" as="">

< 1g="" -="" express="" as="" "contains="" less="" than="" 1g"="" or="" "less="" than="">

> or = 1g - express to nearest 1g increment
< 1=""> 101.9(c)(7)
Vitamins & minerals M

% DV < 2%="" of="" rdi="" -="" may="" be="" expressed="">

1. 2% if actual amount is 1.0% or more other than vit A, C,
2. zero
3. an asterisk that refers to statement "Contains less than 2% of the Daily Value of this (these) nutrient (nutrients)
4. for Vit A, C, calcium, iron: statement "Not a significant source of __ (listing the vitamins or minerals omitted)"

< or="10%" of="" rdi="" -="" express="" to="" nearest="" 2%="" increment\="">

> 10% - < or="50%" of="" rdi="" -="" express="" to="" nearest="" 5%="">

> 50% of RDI - express to nearest 10% increment
<> RDI Vitamins and minerals

other than vit A, C,

calcium and iron, listed in

(8)(iv), are mandatory if

supplement in food or it

101.9(c)(8)(iii) & (iv)
Beta-carotene V

%

Vit A
< or="10%" of="" vit.="" a="" -="" express="" to="" nearest="" 2%="">

> 10% - < or="50%" of="" vit="" a="" -="" express="" to="" nearest="" 5%="">

> 50% of Vit A - express to nearest 10% increment

101.9(c)(8)(vi)

(M) = Mandatory and (V) = Voluntary

(**) To express to the nearest 1g increment, amounts exactly halfway between two whole number or higher (e.g., 2.50 to 2.66g) round up (e.g., 3g) and amounts less than halfway between two whole numbers (e.g., 2.01 to 2.49g) round down (e.g., 2g).

(***) NOTES FOR ROUNDING % Daily Value (DV):

1. To calculate % DV, divide either the actual (unrounded) quantitative amount or the declared (rounded) amount by the appropriate RDI or DRV. Use whichever amount will provide the greatest consistency on the food label and prevent unnecessary consumer confusion 109.9(d)(7)(2).
2. When %DV values fall between two whole numbers, rounding shall be as follows:
• for values exactly halfway between two whole numbers or higher (e.g., 2.5 to 2.990 the values shall round up (e.g., 3%)
• for values less than halfway between two whole numbers (e.g., 2.01 to 2.49) the values shall round down (e.g., 2%).

ATTACHMENT 7

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ATTACHMENT 8

DAILY VALUES FOR NUTRITION LABELING

(Based on 2,000 Calorie Intake for Adults and Children 4 or More Years of Age)

Nutrients in this table are listed in the order in which they are required to appear on a label in accordance with 101.9(c)

This list includes only those nutrients for which a Daily Reference Value (DRV) has been established in 101.9(c)(g) or a Reference Daily Intake (RDI) in 101.9(c)(8)(iv).

NUTRIENT M or V UNIT OF MEASURE M DAILY
VALUE
Total Fat M grams (g) 65
Saturated fatty acids M grams (g) 20
Cholesterol M milligrams (mg) 300
Sodium M milligrams (mg) 2,400
Potassium V milligrams (mg) 3,500
Total carbohydrate M grams (g) 300
Dietary Fiber M grams (g) 25
Protein M grams (g) 50
Vitamin A M International Unit (IU) 5,000
Vitamin C M milligram (mg) 60
Calcium M grams (g) 1
Iron M milligrams (mg) 18
Vitamin D V International Unit (IU) 400
Vitamin E V International Unit (IU) 30
Thiamin V milligrams (mg) 1.5
Riboflavin V milligrams (mg) 1.7
Niacin V milligrams (mg) 20
Vitamin B [sub] 6 V milligrams (mg) 2.0
Folate V milligrams (mg) 0.4
Vitamin B [sub] 12 V micrograms (ug) 6.0
Biotin V milligrams (mg) 0.3
Pantothenic acid V milligrams (mg) 10
Phosphorus V grams (g) 1.0
Iodine V micrograms (ug) 150
Magnesium V milligrams (mg) 400
Zinc V milligrams (mg) 15
Copper V milligrams (mg) 2.0

M = Mandatory

V = Voluntary

On January 4, 1994, FDA proposed values for seven additional nutrients: Vitamin K., Selenium, Chloride, Manganese, Fluoride, Chromium and Molybdenum.

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