For Consumers

Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Methyl Paraben, Propyl Paraben

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Methyl paraben, propyl paraben

SCOGS Report Number: 8
NTIS Accession Number: PB221950*
Year of Report: 1972
GRAS SubstanceID Code

21 CFR Section

Methyl paraben99-76-3184.1490
Propyl paraben94-13-3184.1670

SCOGS Opinion:

The available information reveals that there are no short-term toxicological consequences in the rat, rabbit, cat, dog, or man and no long-term toxicological consequences in rats, of consuming the parabens in amounts greatly exceeding those currently consumed in the normal diet of the U.S. population. There is no evidence that consumption of the parabens as food ingredients has had an adverse effect on man in the 40 years they have been so used in the United States.


In the opinion of the Select Committee, there is no evidence in the available information on the two parabens, methyl and propyl p-hydroxybenzoic acid, that demonstrates a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in future.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.

Page Last Updated: 09/29/2015
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