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  1. Recycled Plastics in Food Packaging

No Objection Letter for Recycled Plastics 211

Return to inventory: Submissions on Post-Consumer Recycled (PCR) Plastics for Food-Contact Articles

See also Recycled Plastics in Food Packaging

July 27, 2018

Frank Welle, Ph.D.
Fraunhofer-Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging (IVV)
Giggenhauser Straße 35
85354 Freising

Re: Prenotification Consultation PNC 2186

Dear Dr. Welle:

This letter is in response to your electronic submission (PNC 2186), received on April 19, 2018, amended on July 6, 2018, requesting on behalf of Resipol Comêrcio de Residuos e Polimeros Plâstico, Ltda (Resipol), a letter of no objection, confirming the capability of Resipol’s secondary recycling process in cleaning and producing post-consumer recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PCR-PET) material that is suitable for food-contact. The PCR-PET material is intended for use at levels of up to 100% recycled content in manufacturing PET sheets for use in production of PET trays that contact fresh vegetables, fruits and shelled eggs, and bakery products for a maximum storage time of 35 days at room temperature of 25°C, i.e., comparable to Conditions of Use E through G, as described in Table 2, which can be accessed from the Internet in the Ingredients, Packaging & Labeling section under the Food topic at www.fda.gov.

We have reviewed the proposed recycling process as well as supporting information and migration modeling, which were submitted to demonstrate the capability of the proposed recycling process in removing potential contaminants from PCR-PET. Based on our review of these data, we have determined that the proposed recycling process, as described in the subject submission, is effective in reducing potential contaminants from PCR-PET material to levels that do not migrate to food at a dietary concentration exceeding 0.5 ppb, FDA's threshold of regulatory concern. Therefore, we concluded that the PCR-PET produced from the proposed recycling process may be used under the intended use conditions as described above. This determination covers the use of PCR-PET derived from the feedstock that consists of only food PCR-PET containers, complying with 21 CFR 177.1630 and all other applicable authorizations. The feedstock excludes industrial or chemical containers. If the proposed recycling process is modified, new data may need to be re-evaluated.

The PCR-PET material must comply with all applicable authorizations, including 21 CFR § 174.5 - General provisions applicable to indirect food additives.  For example, in accordance with section 402(a)(3) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, use of the recycled material should not impart odor or taste to food rendering it unfit for human consumption.

If you have any further questions concerning this matter, please do not hesitate to contact us.


Vanee Komolprasert, Ph.D., P.E.
Consumer Safety Officer
Division of Food Contact Notifications HFS-275
Office of Food Additive Safety
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

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