Text Version of FDA/EPA Advice on What Pregnant Women and Parents Should Know about Eating Fish
What is a serving?
To find out, use the palm of your hand!
For an adult, a serving is 4 ounces, about the size of an adult palm.
For children ages 4 to 8, a serving is 2 ounces
FDA and EPA have issued advice regarding eating fish. This advice is geared toward helping women who are pregnant or may become pregnant - as well as breastfeeding mothers and parents of young children - make informed choices when it comes to fish that is healthy and safe to eat.
The advice includes a chart that makes it easier than ever to choose dozens of healthy and safe options, and a set of frequently asked questions & answers.
The following is the text version of the information in the advice chart.
Fish and other protein-rich foods have nutrients that can help your child’s growth and development.
For women of childbearing age (about 16-49 years old), especially pregnant and breastfeeding women, and for parents and caregivers of young children.
- Eat 2 to 3 servings of fish a week from the “Best Choice” list OR 1 serving from the “Good Choice” list.
- Eat a variety of fish.
- Serve 1 to 2 servings of fish a week to children, starting at age 2.
- If you eat fish caught by family or friends, check for fish advisories. If there is no advisory, eat only one serving and no other fish that week.*
You can use this chart to help you choose which fish to eat, and how often to eat them, based on their mercury levels. The "Best Choice" have the lowest levels of mercury.
Best Choice, Good Choice, or Choice to Avoid?
|Atlantic croaker||Best Choice|
|Atlantic mackerel||Best Choice|
|Black sea bass||Best Choice|
|Lobster, American and spiny||Best Choice|
|Pacific chub mackerel||Best Choice|
|Perch, freshwater and ocean||Best Choice|
|Trout, freshwater||Best Choice|
|Tuna, canned light (includes skipjack)||Best Choice|
|Chilean sea bass/Patagonian toothfish||Good Choice|
|Mahi mahi/dolphinfish||Good Choice|
|Spanish mackerel||Good Choice|
|Striped bass (ocean)||Good Choice|
|Tilefish (Atlantic Ocean)||Good Choice|
|Tuna, albacore/white tuna, canned and fresh/frozen||Good Choice|
|Tuna, yellowfin||Good Choice|
|White croaker/Pacific croaker||Good Choice|
|King mackerel||Choice to Avoid: HIGHEST MERCURY LEVELS|
|Marlin||Choice to Avoid: HIGHEST MERCURY LEVELS|
|Orange roughy||Choice to Avoid: HIGHEST MERCURY LEVELS|
|Shark||Choice to Avoid: HIGHEST MERCURY LEVELS|
|Swordfish||Choice to Avoid: HIGHEST MERCURY LEVELS|
|Tilefish (Gulf of Mexico)||Choice to Avoid: HIGHEST MERCURY LEVELS|
|Tuna, bigeye||Choice to Avoid: HIGHEST MERCURY LEVELS|
*Some fish caught by family and friends, such as larger carp, catfish, trout and perch, are more likely to have fish advisories due to mercury or other contaminants. State advisories will tell you how often you can safely eat those fish.
ADVICE UPDATED JANUARY 2017