Rapid Response Teams (RRTs)
- What are the Rapid Response Teams (RRTs)?
- Why establish RRTs?
- Which states currently have RRTs?
- How can I obtain a copy of the RRT Best Practices Manual?
- What funding is in place to support RRTs?
- What animal and human food emergencies have RRTs assisted with?
- Who do I contact for more information?
- RRT CAP Fact Sheet (Version April 2019)
RRTs are multi-agency, multi-disciplinary teams that operate using Incident Command System (ICS)/National Incident Management System (NIMS) principles and a Unified Command structure to respond to human and animal food emergencies.
The desired outcome of RRT development is to minimize the time between agency notification of a human or animal food contamination event and implementation of effective control measures. To accomplish this, RRTs develop and maintain processes to:
- Prepare for and effectively respond to foodborne illness outbreaks and other food emergencies.
- Enhance intra-agency and interagency collaboration and communication.
- Jointly train and exercise staff to be ready to respond to events when they occur.
- Identify potential preventive practices to reduce foodborne illness and injury.
- Establish national best practices and tools that can be shared with other states to improve their response to food emergencies.
- United States Map displaying 21 FDA funded Rapid Response Team cooperative agreement states: CA, GA, IA, IN, KY, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, PA, RI, SC, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV.
- NM, NY, and TN participate in a voluntary, non-funded capacity
The RRT Best Practices Manual features tools that can be used by programs to improve key areas of response such as communication, traceback and traceforward, laboratory analysis, and joint investigations and inspections. It also establishes metrics for rapid response capabilities that allow RRTs to assess their status, identify improvement plans, and quantify accomplishments and impact.
The full version of the RRT Best Practices Manual (2017 Edition) can be obtained by clicking here. Questions, comments and feedback regarding the RRT Manual are welcome; please direct feedback to firstname.lastname@example.org.
FDA provides multi-year cooperative agreements to states to form and maintain RRTs. These cooperative agreements require RRTs to engage partners across disciplines and jurisdictions to build core capabilities and explore innovative approaches to response.
- RRT Testimonials - Reflections on 10 Years of RRTs (2008 - 2018) (March 2019)
- Notes from the Field: Cronobacter sakazakii Meningitis in a Full-Term Neonate Fed Exclusively with Breast Milk — Indiana, 2018.(MMWR, November 2018)
- Food Facilities Get New Tech for Assessments Post-Hurricane (Valdosta Today, October 2018)
- NCDA&CS issues warning to consumers to not purchase or consume Kellogg’s Honey Smacks cereal(NCDA&CS Press Release, July 2018)
- Notes from the Field: Cyclosporiasis Cases Associated with Dining at a Mediterranean-Style Restaurant Chain — Texas, 2017. (MMWR, June 2018)
- Virginia company recalls kratom powder after tests by NCDA&CS show presence of Salmonella. (NCDA&CS Press Release, May 2018)
- Asheville company recalls kratom powder after tests by NCDA&CS show presence of Salmonella (NCDA&CS Press Release, May 2018)
- Notes from the Field: Salmonella Oranienburg Infection Linked to Consumption of Rattlesnake Pills — Kansas and Texas, 2017. (MMWR, May 2018)
- Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture’s Rapid Response Team: A Collaborative Response to Food Safety Emergencies (Food Safety Magazine April/May 2018 Issue)
- Responding to Harvey and Irma: Rapid Response Teams Take Action (Food Safety Magazine April/May 2018 Issue)
- Local Rapid Response Team Deters Deliberate Food Poisoning (NACCHO Blog Post September 2017)
- Response to animal feed contamination quick, coordinated (WSDA Blog Post September 2017)
- Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Anatum Infections Linked to Imported Hot Peppers — United States, May–July 2016 (MMWR, June 2017)
- Naturally Wholesome Products issues recall of Wholesome Country Creamery half-and-half(NCDA&CS Press Release, May 2017)
- Building an Integrated Food Safety System One Brick at a Time (Food Safety Magazine April/May 2017 Issue)
- Georgia Rapid Response Team Activates for Hurricane Matthew (GDA Blog Post March 2017)
- What if a ‘thinking adversary’ targeted an establishment’s salad bars? (Food Safety Magazine e-newsletter edition, 2017)
- Notes from the Field: Multistate Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infections Linked to Dough Mix — United States, 2016 (MMWR, January 2017)
- Multistate outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infections linked to whole apples used in commercially produced, prepackaged caramel apples: United States, 2014-2015. (Epidemiology and Infection Journal, January 2017)
- Outbreak of Salmonella Oslo Infections Linked to Persian Cucumbers — United States, 2016 (MMWR, December 2016)
- Who ya gonna call? Iowa outbreak busters launch hotline (Food Safety News, 18Oct2016)
- Wonderful Washington (Food Safety and Quality 3Oct2016)
- Random dog food sample proved critical in solving human illness outbreak (APHL Blog post September 2016)
- Safeguarding food and animal feed one of WSDA's key duties (WSDA Blog Post July 2016)
- Whole-Genome Sequencing Detection of Ongoing Listeria Contamination at a Restaurant, Rhode Island, USA, 2014 (Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, August 2016)
- Stopping Listeria required an arsenal of tools and an army of experts (APHL Blog post June 2016)
- Regional investigation of a cyclosporiasis outbreak linked to imported romaine lettuce – Nebraska and Iowa, June–August 2013 (Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, July 2016)
- Cyclospora in Cilantro: The Georgia Rapid Response Team Investigates (GDA Blog Post, April 2016)
- North Carolina’s Exemplary Food Safety Programs (Food Safety and Quality February 2016)
- Minnesota’s Exemplary Food Safety Initiatives (Food Safety and Quality January 2016)
- Outbreak of Foodborne Botulism Associated with Improperly Jarred Pesto — Ohio and California, 2014 (MMWR Article, February 2016)
- FDA and DOJ take action against Virginia soybean business for selling contaminated sprouts (FDA Press Release March 2016)
- Henry’s Farm Inc. Recalls Soybean Sprouts Due to Possible Health Risk (VDACS Press Release March 2016)
- Damage Food Guidance for Food Establishments: Power Outages, Floods, Fires, Sewage backup, Transportation Accidents, Disasters (resources from FLIRRT; October, 2015)
- Outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infections linked to a pasteurized ice cream product served to hospitalized patients (Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, December 2015)
- Where the Rubber Meets the Road: RRTs in Action (Food Safety Magazine Aug/Sep 2015 issue)
- Creating the Rapid Response Road Map: Collaboration Points the Way Forward (Food Safety Magazine Oct/Nov 2015 issue)
- School Lunch Blues Exercise Provides Real-World Emergency Preparedness Training (GDA blog post, July 2015)
- Botulism Case Highlights Need to Follow Canning Directions (North Carolina Health News: May 2015)
- Notes from the Field: Listeriosis Associated with Stone Fruit - United States, 2014 (MMWR March 2015)
- Outbreak of Salmonella Newport Infections Linked to Cucumbers - United States, 2014 (MMWR, February 2015)
- Rapid Response Teams, Protecting our Health (GDA Blog Post, January 2015)
- Quantifying the Sensitivity of Scent Detection Dogs to Identify Fecal Contamination on Raw Produce (2014, Journal of Food Protection)
- Outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Infantis infection in humans linked to dry dog food in the United States and Canada, 2012 (March 2014, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association)
- Use of Global Trade Item Numbers in the Investigation of a Salmonella Newport Outbreak Associated with Blueberries in Minnesota, 2010 (May 2013 Journal of Food Protection)
- Use of traceback methods to confirm the source of a multistate Escherichia coli 0157:H7 outbreak due to in-shell hazelnuts (February 2012, Journal of Food Protection)
- Notes from the Field: Human Salmonella Infantis Infections Linked to Dry Dog Food - United States and Canada, 2012 (MMWR, June 2012)
- CalFERT Environmental Investigation Reports (2012-present)
More information can be found in the funding opportunity announcement.
Specific questions on this program can be directed to the appropriate Office of Partnerships' contact within the Division of Partnership Investments and Agreements. Please visit the Office of Partnerships Contacts webpage to obtain a downloaded version of the staffing roster.
General questions can be directed to OP.Feedback@fda.hhs.gov.