The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) wants you to know the importance of reading Medication Guides—paper handouts that come with many prescription medicines.
"The information in a Medication Guide is very important when it comes to getting the most benefit for your health from a medicine," says Paul Seligman, M.D., M.P.H., former Associate Director for Safety Policy and Communication in FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "These guides address issues that are specific to particular drugs and drug classes, and they contain FDA-approved information that can help patients avoid serious adverse events."
Over 240 products that contain a medicine individually or in combination have Medication Guides available for them. To see a list of these, as well as online links to each Guide, visit the Medication Guides web page.
When are Medication Guides required?
Seligman explains that the guides are required to be issued with certain prescribed drugs and biological products when the Agency determines that
- certain information is necessary to prevent serious adverse effects
- patient decision-making should be informed by information about a known serious side effect with a product, or
- patient adherence to directions for the use of a product are essential to its effectiveness.
"Medication Guides generally focus on a specific risk or aspect of patient adherence, as opposed to providing broader information on how to appropriately use a medicine," says Seligman.
They offer answers to such crucial questions as
- What is this drug and what does it do?
- What's the most important information that I need to know about the medication?
- What are the risks involved in taking this?
- What are the possible side effects?
- Who shouldn't take the drug?
- What ingredients are in this medication?
How are Medication Guides different from Consumer Medication Information?
A Medication Guide is not the only handout that you may get with your prescription medicine. There is also the Consumer Medication Information.
The purpose of the Consumer Medication Information is to help all consumers understand key information about their prescription medicine, including how to take it, how to store it, and other general information. It also gives information on precautions and warnings, as well as symptoms of serious or frequent adverse events and what to do if you experience one.
"The Consumer Medication Information offers broader information on how to appropriately use a medicine, when compared to a Medication Guide," says Seligman.
In contrast, the Medication Guide is part of the labeling. Regulations require that manufacturers produce them and alert pharmacists of their existence for certain medications. And pharmacists are required to distribute them to consumers.