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Marcy-l’Etoile and Lempdes, France

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  • VetAgro Sup is a new school, formed on January 1, 2010, from a union between the National Veterinary School of Lyon, the National School of Agricultural Engineering in Clermont-Ferrand, and the National School of Veterinary Services.
  • Even though the current school is young, its origin dates back more than 250 years to the founding of the world’s first veterinary school by Claude Bourgelat. When it opened in 1761, the school’s only admission requirement was the ability to read and write.
  • With an order by King Louis XV’s Royal Council of State, Claude Bourgelat established the veterinary school in Lyon on August 4, 1761. Three years later, on June 3, 1764, the Royal Council of State gave the school the title of Royal Veterinary School. It later became the Imperial School, and then the National Veterinary School of Lyon (École Nationale Vétérinaire de Lyon).
  • The school was created mainly to teach students how to treat and prevent livestock diseases, especially rinderpest, the prevailing cattle disease at the time. Rinderpest, meaning “cattle plague” in German, is a highly contagious disease of cloven (split)-hoofed animals, including cattle, buffalo, large antelopes and deer, pigs and warthogs, and even giraffes and wildebeests. The disease, caused by a relative of the measles virus, has a high mortality rate. Confirmed to be eradicated in May 2011 by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), rinderpest is the first animal disease to be eradicated worldwide. It is only the second disease overall after smallpox to be eradicated. (The World Health Organization declared smallpox, a disease unique to people, eradicated in May 1980.)1
  • VetAgro Sup is located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and is split between two campuses: Marcy-l’Etoile, next to Lyon, and Lempdes, a suburb of Clermont-Ferrand.

map of Lyon, France

1 http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/80894/icode/ 
http://www.fastcompany.com/1764227/the-eradication-of-rinderpest 
http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/rinderpest-or-cattle-plague-becomes-only-second-disease-to-be-eradicated/2011/05/26/AGMPENCH_story.html 
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/28/health/28rinderpest.html  
https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/history-smallpox
https://www.avma.org/News/JAVMANews/Pages/110701a.aspx