Tobacco Products

Menthol Cigarettes

Menthol is a flavor additive widely used in consumer and medicinal products; however, its use in tobacco products is not currently regulated. It has a minty taste and aroma, and may have cooling or painkilling properties – which can reduce the irritation and harshness of smoking when used in cigarettes.1

Inviting Public Input on Menthol in Cigarettes

Menthol cigarettes raise critical public health questions. On July 23, 2013, the FDA issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) to take public input on menthol in cigarettes. Specifically, the FDA requested information to inform its thinking about potential regulatory options such as:

  • tobacco product standards;
  • sale and distribution restrictions; and
  • other regulatory actions and considerations. 

The FDA also conducted a preliminary independent scientific evaluation of existing data and research on menthol cigarettes. The Preliminary Scientific Evaluation of the Possible Public Health Effects of Menthol Versus Nonmenthol Cigarettes (PDF - 1580 KB) addresses the association between menthol cigarettes and various outcomes, including: 

  • initiation;
  • addiction; and
  • cessation.

The preliminary scientific evaluation, along with other relevant scientific information on the topic of menthol, was included for 122 days in the docket for the ANPRM to give all interested parties an opportunity to comment. The FDA will consider all comments, data, research, and other information submitted to the docket to determine what, if any, regulatory action with respect to menthol in cigarettes is appropriate. If the FDA decides to issue a rule, the first step in that process would be a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, which would give the public an opportunity to weigh in on the specifics of the proposed rule. 

Supporting New Research

menthol iconThe FDA is committed to a science-based approach that addresses the public health issues raised by menthol cigarettes. To further the FDA's understanding of the likely public health impact of the use of menthol in cigarettes, the FDA supports research on the differences between menthol and nonmenthol cigarettes.

For information on specific projects, search the portfolio of CTP-Supported Tobacco Regulatory Research Projects.

Information received in response to the ANPRM, as well as new scientific research, will help the agency make the best decisions about possible regulatory actions.

Hoffman AC, Simmons D. Menthol cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence. Tobacco Induced Diseases. 2011; 9(Suppl 1):S5:1-5

Hoffman AC, Miceli D. Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation behavior. Tobacco Induced Diseases. 2011; 9(Suppl 1):S6:1-5.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2010.

Rabinoff M, Caskey N, Rissling A, Park C. Pharmacological and chemical effects of cigarette additives. American Journal of Public Health. 2007;97(11):1981-1991.

Talhout R, Opperhuizen A, Van Amsterdam JG. Sugars as tobacco ingredient: Effects on mainstream smoke composition. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2006;44(11), 1789-1798.


Page Last Updated: 08/18/2017
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