Sandimmune (cyclosporine) soft gelatin capsules, injection, and oral solution

Detailed View: Safety Labeling Changes Approved By FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)  

March 2015

Summary View


Drug Interactions


Dietary Supplements That Decrease Cyclosporine Concentrations

  • Bosentan. Sentence added...Coadministration of cyclosporine with bosentan should be avoided.

Effect of Cyclosporine on the Pharmacokinetics and/or Safety of Other Drugs or Agents

  • added...Cyclosporine may increase plasma concentrations of comedications that are substrates of organic anion transporter proteins.
  • added...Cyclosporine may reduce the clearance of bosentan and dabigatran.


  • added...When coadministering ambrisentan with cyclosporine, the ambrisentan dose should not be titrated to the recommended maximum daily dose.
Bosentan section edited
Dabigatran section added


Postmarketing Experience
  • Pain of lower extremities section added


April 2010

Summary View


  • Some malignancies may be fatal. Transplant patients receiving cyclosporine are at increased risk for serious infection with fatal outcome.


Drug Interactions/Drugs That Alter Cyclosporine Concentrations
  • Cyclosporine is extensively metabolized by CYP 3A isoenzymes, in particular CYP3A4, and is a substrate of the multidrug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein. Various agents are known to either increase or decrease plasma or whole blood of cyclosporine levels usually by inhibition or induction of CYP3A4 or P-glycoprotein transporter or both.
Drugs That Increase Cyclosporine Concentrations
  • voriconazole
  • nefazodone
Drugs/Dietary Supplements That Decrease Cyclosporine Concentrations
  • oxcarbazepine
  • bosentan
Other Drug Interactions
  • Cyclosporine is an inhibitor of CYP3A4 and of the multidrug efflux transporter Pglycoprotein and may increase plasma concentrations of comedications that are substrates of CYP3A4 or P-glycoprotein or both.
  • Cyclosporine may increase the plasma concentrations of repaglinide and thereby increase the risk of hypoglycemia. In 12 healthy male subjects who received two doses of 100mg cyclosporine capsule orally 12 hours apart with a single dose of 0.25mg repaglinide tablet (one half of a 0.5mg tablet) orally 13 hours after the cyclosporine initial dose, the repaglinide mean Cmax and AUC were increased 1.8 fold (range: 0.6 - 3.7 fold) and 2.4 fold (range 1.2 - 5.3 fold), respectively. Close monitoring of blood glucose level is advisable for a patient taking cyclosporine and repaglinide concomitantly.


Renal Transplant Patients in Whom Therapy Was Discontinued
  • Patients receiving immunosuppressive therapies, including cyclosporine and cyclosporine- containing regimens, are at increased risk of infections (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic). Both generalized and localized infections can occur. Pre-existing infections may also be aggravated. Fatal outcomes have been reported.


Page Last Updated: 04/15/2015
Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.
Language Assistance Available: Español | 繁體中文 | Tiếng Việt | 한국어 | Tagalog | Русский | العربية | Kreyòl Ayisyen | Français | Polski | Português | Italiano | Deutsch | 日本語 | فارسی | English