Food

FDA Investigates Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Braenderup Linked to Shell Eggs from Rose Acre Farms

April 18, 2018

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The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state and local officials, are investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Braenderup infections.

Fast Facts

  • The FDA is advising consumers not to eat recalled eggs produced by Rose Acre Farms’ Hyde County farm. According to Rose Acre Farms’ recent recall notice and the subsequent recall from Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., these eggs are sold under multiple brand names, including Coburn Farms, Country Daybreak, Food Lion, Glenview, Great Value, Nelms, Sunshine Farms, Publix, and Sunups. Recalled eggs were also sold to restaurants.
  • CDC reports 23 cases in nine states with six hospitalizations and no deaths.
  • After learning that all of the people who became ill ate eggs or egg dishes, the FDA was able to trace back the source of some of the eggs to the Rose Acre Farms’ Hyde County farm. FDA investigators then inspected the farm and collected samples for testing. FDA analysis of the samples revealed that the same strain of Salmonella Braenderup that caused the illnesses was present at the Hyde County Egg facility, tying the facility to the outbreak.
  • As a result of these findings and discussions between the FDA and the firm, Rose Acre Farms has voluntarily recalled eggs from the farm in Hyde County, North Carolina. Following Rose Acre Farms’ recall, Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. voluntarily recalled eggs purchased from Rose Acre Farms and produced at the Hyde County facility.
  • If anyone has the recalled eggs in their home, they should not eat them. All consumers should check their eggs for a plant number of P-1065 and a Julian date between 011 and 102 or a plant number P-1359D and Julian date 048A or 049A with Best By dates of APR 02 and APR 03.

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What is the Problem and What is Being Done About It?

The FDA is advising consumers not to eat recalled eggs produced by Rose Acre Farms’ Hyde County farm. These eggs are sold under multiple brand names, including Coburn Farms, Country Daybreak, Food Lion, Glenview, Great Value, Nelms, Sunshine Farms, Publix, and Sunups. Recalled eggs were also sold to restaurants.

The CDC reports that 23 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Braenderup have been reported from 9 states: Colorado (1), Florida (2), New Jersey (1), New York (6), North Carolina (4), Pennsylvania (2), South Carolina (1), Virginia (5), and West Virginia (1). Six people have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported.

After learning that all of the people who became ill ate eggs or egg dishes before the onset of illness, the FDA was able to trace back the source of some of the eggs to the Rose Acre Farms’ Hyde County farm. FDA investigators then inspected the farm and collected samples for testing. During the inspection, FDA investigators observed objectionable conditions and practices which are summarized in the 483 report. FDA analysis of the samples revealed that the same rare strain of Salmonella Braenderup that caused the illnesses was present at the Hyde County Egg facility, tying the facility to the outbreak.

As a result of these findings and discussions between the FDA and the firm, Rose Acre Farms voluntarily recalled shell eggs from the Hyde County egg farm. The affected Rose Acre Farms recalled eggs are identified with plant number P-1065 and Julian date ranges of 011 through date of 102 printed on either the side portion or the principal side of the carton or package. These eggs are sold under multiple brand names including Coburn Farms, Country Daybreak, Food Lion, Glenview, Great Value, Nelms, and Sunshine Farms. Recalled eggs were also sold to restaurants.

Following Rose Acre Farms’ recall, Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. voluntarily recalled eggs purchased from Rose Acre Farms and produced at the Hyde County facility. These eggs were repackaged and sold under multiple brand names, including Publix and Sunups.

Consumers who have any of these shell eggs in their homes should not eat them and should throw them away or return them to the place of purchase for credit or refund. All consumers should check their eggs for a plant number of P-1065 and a Julian date between 011 and 102 or a plant number P-1359D and Julian date 048A or 049A with Best By dates of APR 02 and APR 03.

This investigation is ongoing and the FDA will provide updates when more information is available.

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Timeline

On March 5, 2018, the FDA learned about a cluster of Salmonella Braenderup infections in multiple states.

In the following weeks, the FDA, CDC, and state partners worked together to collect additional information and conduct traceback activities to identify a food item of interest. Interviews with ill people allowed health partners to identify eggs as a possible source of the illnesses. The FDA collected and reviewed extensive records to identify the source of the eggs that people ate.

From March 26 – April 11, 2018, the FDA conducted a thorough inspection of the Rose Acre Farms’ Hyde County farm and collected samples for testing.

On April 11, 2018, laboratory analysis by the FDA confirmed that a sample containing Salmonella from the Hyde County Egg Farm facility matches the rare outbreak strain. This evidence demonstrates that eggs from the Rose Acre Farms’ Hyde County farm are the likely source of the outbreak.

On April 13, 2018, Rose Acre Farms voluntarily recalled eggs with plant number P-1065 and Julian date ranges of 011 through 102, printed on the cartons (for more specific information on recalled products, see the list below).

As of April 16, 2018, the CDC reports 23 cases in nine states with six hospitalizations and no deaths.

On April 16, 2018, Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. voluntarily recalled eggs purchased from Rose Acre Farms and produced at the Hyde County facility. These eggs were re-packaged with plant number P-1359D, a Julian date of 048A or 049A, and a best by date of April 2, 2018 or April 3, 2018.

The investigation is ongoing and FDA will provide updated information as it becomes available.

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What are the Symptoms of Salmonella?

Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most people recover without treatment.

How Soon After Exposure do Symptoms Appear?

Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection.

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What are the Complications of Salmonella Infections?

In some people, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. In these patients, the Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body sites and can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with antibiotics.

Who is at Risk?

Children are the most likely to get salmonellosis. The rate of diagnosed infections in children less than five years old is higher than the rate in all other persons. Children younger than 5 years of age, the elderly, and those people with weakened immune systems are more likely to have severe infections. It is estimated that approximately 400 persons die each year with acute salmonellosis. 

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What Specific Products are Being Recalled?

Consumers and retailers should check the carton or packaging of their eggs. Recalled products have a stamped PLANT NUMBER of P-1065 and a LOT CODE or JULIAN DATE between 011 and 102 or a PLANT NUMBER P-1359D and JULIAN DATE 048A or 049A.

Plant numbers and Julian dates are printed on individual boxes, with the Julian date following the Plant number, for example P-1359D-048A.

Brand/Retailer Item Description Plant Number Julian Date UPC
COUNTRY DAYBREAK A LARGE X 30 DOZEN
A LARGE X15 DOZEN
A JUMBO X24 DOZEN
A MEDIUM X30 DOZEN
A XLARGE X30 DOZEN
A JUMBO X12 DOZEN
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 077236000302
077236000500
077236000203
077236000401
077236000500
FOOD LION A JUMBO X 12 DOZEN
A MEDIUM X15 DOZEN
A XLARGE X 15 DOZEN
A 18PK LARGE X15 DOZEN
A LARGE X15 DOZEN
A 6PK LARGE X 15 DOZEN
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 035826089618
035826089649
035826089625
035826089601
035826089588
035826089632
LOOSE A USDA SMALL X 30 DOZEN
A USDA MEDIUM  X 30 DOZEN
A XLARGE X15 DOZEN
A XLARGE X30 DOZEN
A MEDIUM X 15 DOZEN
A MEDIUM X30 DOZEN
USDA  AA XLARGE X30 DOZEN
USDA  AA XLARGE X15 DOZEN
USDA AA LARGE X30 DOZEN
USDA AA LARGE X15 DOZEN
USDA AA MEDIUM X30 DOZEN
AA XLARGE X30 DOZEN
USDA AA LARGE PFG X 30 DOZEN
USDA AA LARGE PFG X 15 DOZEN
USDA A XLARGE X30 DOZEN
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 N/A
NELMS A JUMBO X24 P-1065 Between 011 and 102 634181000018
WAFFLE HOUSE LOOSE USDA A LARGE X 30 DOZEN P-1065 Between 011 and 102 N/A
CRYSTAL FARMS A MEDIUM X30
A 18PK MEDIUM X 30
A 2.5 DOZ MEDIUM X 25
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 077236000203
077236000258
077236000124
COUNTRY DAYBREAK A XLARGE X15 DOZEN
USDA GRADE A XLARGE X 240 DOZEN PULP
USDA GRADE A LARGE RACK X 240 DOZEN PULP
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 077236000401
077236700400
077236700301
COBURN FARMS A MEDIUM MP X 30 DOZEN
A  LARGE X 30 DOZEN
A 18PK LARGE X 30 DOZEN
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 051933182608
051933190801
051933182509
SUNSHINE FARMS A JUMBO X 12 DOZEN P-1065 Between 011 and 102 804879457336
GLENVIEW USDA AA LOOSE LARGE (6-2.5 FLATS) X 15 DOZEN
USDA AA LOOSE LARGE (12-2.5 FLATS) X 30 DOZEN
USDA AA LOOSE MEDIUM (6-2.5 FLATS) X 15 DOZEN
USDA AA LOOSE XLARGE (6-2.5 FLATS) X 15 DOZEN
USDA AA LOOSE MEDIUM (12-2.5 FLATS) X 30 DOZEN
USDA AA LOOSE XLARGE (12-2.5 FLATS) X 30 DOZEN
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 N/A
GREAT VALUE GRADE A USDA 18PK XLARGE X 24 DOZEN RPC
GRADE A USDA 12PK XLARGE X 24 DOZEN RPC
GRADE A USDA TWIN 18PK LARGE X 24 DOZEN RPC
GRADE A USDA 6PK LARGE X 15 DOZEN
GRADE A USDA 12PK MEDIUM X 15 DOZEN
GRADE A USDA 12PK LARGE X 24 DOZEN RPC
GRADE A USDA 18PK LARGE X 24 DOZEN RPC
GRADE A 12PK JUMBO X  22 DOZEN RPC
GRADE A USDA 5DZ LARGE X 5 DOZEN
P-1065 Between 011 and 102 078742127132
078742127128
078742127101
078742127095
078742127224
078742127071
078742127088
078742127149
078742127118
PUBLIX GRADE A EXTRA LARGE EGGS 18PK P-1359D 048A or 049A
(Best By Date of APR 02 or APR 03)
0 41415 00966 0
SUNUPS GRADE A LARGE EGGS 18PK P-1359D 048A or 049A 0 28621 36398 4
XLG LOOSE GENERIC 15 DZ P-1359D (Best By Date of APR 02 or APR 03) N/A
RESTRICTED EGGS   P-1359D 048A or 049A N/A
BREAKING STOCK 30DZ P-1359D (Best By Date of APR 02 or APR 03) N/A

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What Do Restaurants and Retailers Need To Do?

Restaurants and retailers should not sell or utilize any recalled shell eggs listed above. Restaurants and retailers should dispose of any of the listed shell eggs by throwing them in the garbage or return them to the place of purchase for credit or refund.

Restaurants and retailers should also be aware that the recalled shell eggs may be a source of pathogens and should control the potential for cross–contamination of food processing equipment and the food processing environment. They should follow the steps below:

  • Wash and sanitize display cases and refrigerators regularly.
  • Wash and sanitize cutting boards, surfaces, and utensils used to prepare, serve, or store food. 
  • Wash hands with hot water and soap following the cleaning and sanitation process.

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What Do Consumers Need To Do?

People should not eat any shell eggs from the lots listed above. If they have any of the listed products, they should throw them in the garbage or return them to the place of purchase for credit or refund.

  • People who think they might have become ill from eating possibly contaminated eggs should talk to their health care providers.
  • Consumers should always practice safe food handling and preparation measures. Wash hands, utensils, and surfaces with hot, soapy water before and after handling raw eggs and raw egg-containing foods.
    • Cook eggs until both the yolk and the white are firm. Scrambled eggs should not be runny.
    • Casseroles and other dishes containing eggs should be cooked to 160° F. Use a food thermometer to be sure.
    • For recipes that call for eggs that are raw or undercooked when the dish is served – like Caesar salad dressing and  homemade ice cream – use either shell eggs that have been treated to destroy Salmonella, by pasteurization or another approved method, or pasteurized egg products.
  • .For food preparation surfaces and food cutting utensils that may have come in contact with the potentially contaminated eggs, it is very important that the consumers thoroughly clean these areas and items.

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Who Should be Contacted?

People who think they might have become ill from eating possibly contaminated or recalled shell eggs should talk to their health care providers. Contact your healthcare provider if you have diarrhea that lasts for more than 3 days, or is accompanied by high fever, blood in the stool, or so much vomiting that you cannot keep liquids down and you pass very little urine.

The FDA encourages consumers with questions about food safety to call 1-888-SAFEFOOD Monday through Friday between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Eastern time, or to consult the fda.gov website: http://www.fda.gov.

The information in this release reflects the FDA’s best efforts to communicate what it has learned from the manufacturer, the CDC and the state and local public health agencies involved in the investigation. The agency will update this page as more information becomes available.

Additional Information

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Page Last Updated: 04/18/2018
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