Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Indian Dill Seed

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Indian Dill Seed

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 22*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 1
  • ID Code: 8006-75-5
  • Year: 1973
  • 21 CFR Section: 184.1282

SCOGS Opinion:

The Select Committee estimates that daily consumption of dill probably does not exceed the equivalent of 1 mg of dill oil per capita, or about 0.017 mg per kg per day in adults and about twice that level in children. The oil's most plentiful constituent, carvone, present to the extent of about 60 percent of the oil, elicits toxic responses only at levels much greater than those that might be present in the diet. Other constituents, present in some oils in lesser to trace amounts, such as apiole, dillapiole, and myristicin have not been shown to produce toxic effects on feeding at levels many times those that could exist in man's diet.

The Select Committee has weighed the foregoing and concludes that:

There is no evidence in the available information on dill and dill oils that demonstrates, or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect, a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in future.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.

Page Last Updated: 09/01/2015
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