Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Opinion: Carob Bean Gum

The GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Database allows access to opinions and conclusions from 115 SCOGS reports published between 1972-1980 on the safety of over 370 Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food substances. The GRAS ingredient reviews were conducted by the Select Committee in response to a 1969 White House directive by President Richard M. Nixon.

Carob Bean Gum

  • SCOGS-Report Number: 3*
  • Type Of Conclusion: 2
  • ID Code: 9000-40-2
  • Year: 1972
  • 21 CFR Section: 184.1343

SCOGS Opinion:

The available information reveals that there are no short-term toxicological consequences in chicks, rats, mice, hamsters, rabbits, and man in the normal diet of the U.S. population. There is no evidence that consumption of carob bean gum by man since 1925, when it was first used in the United States, has had adverse effects. It is to be noted, however, that no long-term feeding studies of carob bean gum have been reported. While the available information does not suggest long-term toxicity, it may be advisable in due course to conduct adequate feeding studies in several animal species, including pregnant animals, at dosage levels that approximate and exceed the current estimated maximum daily load in humans.

Carob bean gum, fed at relatively high levels, is reported to be toxic to pregnant animals of some species. Because the toxic levels reported are well in excess of the highest levels now consumed by man, the Select Committee is of the opinion that there are no adverse health aspects of consuming carob bean gum at current levels. However, it is not possible to determine, without additional data, whether a significant increase in consumption would constitute a dietary hazard.

The Select Committee has weight the foregoing and concludes that:

The available information contains no evidence demonstrating that carob bean gum constitutes a hazard to the public when used in the manner and quantity now practiced.

*Complete reports containing details of the safety studies that formed the basis of the opinions and conclusions and are available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 605-6000.

Page Last Updated: 09/28/2015
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