Archived Content

The content on this page is provided for reference purposes only. This content has not been altered or updated since it was archived.


Agency Additional Correspondence Letter: GRAS Notice No. GRN 000044

Return to inventory listing: GRAS Notice Inventory

See also Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) and about the GRAS Notice Inventory

CFSAN/Office of Food Additive Safety

June 1, 2007

Luke R. Kazmierski
GTC Nutrition
600 Corporate Circle, Suite H
Golden, CO 80901

Re: GRAS Notice No. GRN 000044

Dear Mr. Kazmierski:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responding to your correspondence dated January 26, 2007, that you sent regarding additional uses for GRAS Notice No. 000044. Environ Corporation initially submitted GRN 000044, on behalf of GTC Nutrition, in accordance with the agency's proposed regulation, proposed 21 CFR 170.36 (62 FR 18938; April 17, 1997; Substances Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS)). FDA received this notice on May 2, 2000, and designated it as GRAS Notice No. GRN 000044. In a letter dated November 22, 2000, FDA informed GTC Nutrition that the agency had no questions at that time regarding the conclusion of GTC Nutrition that fructooligosaccharide, the subject of the notice, is GRAS under the intended conditions of use.

In a letter dated January 26, 2007, GTC Nutrition informed FDA of their determination that the addition of fructooligosaccharide is GRAS for use in foods in general, excluding meat and poultry products and infant formula, at levels up to 20 grams (g) per day in the general population and at levels up to 4.2 g per day in infants less than one year of age. GTC Nutrition provided a table of the typical use levels of fructooligosaccharide (Table 1).

Table 1
Typical Use Levels of Fructooligosaccharide*
Food CategoryStandard
Serving Size
Level of Use/Serving
(per cent)

*Use levels may be different from the intended use in the original notice.
**This category excludes infant formula.

Acidophilus Milk240 milliliters (ml)0.4
Analogs and Substitutes
for Meat, Poultry or Fish
15-85 grams (g)1.2-6.7
Bars40-70 g1.4-2.5
Breakfast Cereals40-55 g1.8-2.5
Beverages and Juices240 ml0.4
Cakes55 g1.8
Cheese30-110 g0.9-3.3
Cream15-30 g3.3-6.7
Confectionery40 g2.5
Cookies30 g3.3
Crackers15-30 g3.3-6.7
Dessert Toppings and Fillings30 g3.3
Hard candy15 g6.7
Ice cream68 g1.5
Infant Foods **
(0-12 months)
7-60 g0.4-3.6
Jams and Jellies20 g5.0
Milk, flavored and unflavored240 ml0.4
Milk, evaporated and condensed30 ml2.6-3.1
Muffins and Quick Bread50-55 g1.8-2.0
Sauces, Gravies, and Condiments30-125 g0.8-3.3
Snacks30 g3.3
Sorbet and Sherbet85 g1.2
Soup245 g0.4
Toddler Foods
(12-24 months)
15-125 g0.8-6.7
Yogurt225 ml0.4

GTC Nutrition states its intention to use fructooligosaccharide in several food categories, including foods for which standards of identity exist, located in Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations. We note that an ingredient that is lawfully added to food products may be used in a standardized food only if it is permitted by the applicable standard of identity.

Based on the information provided by GTC Nutrition in GRN 000044, the supplement dated January 26, 2007, and other information available to FDA, the agency has no questions at this time regarding GTC Nutrition's conclusion that fructoligosaccharide is GRAS under the intended conditions of use. The agency has not, however, made its own determination regarding the GRAS status of the subject use of fructooligosaccharide. As always, it is the continuing responsibility of GTC Nutrition to ensure that food ingredients that the firm markets are safe, and are otherwise in compliance with all applicable legal and regulatory requirements.

In accordance with proposed 21 CFR 170.36(f), a copy of the text of this letter responding to the additional information submitted regarding GRN 000044, as well as a copy of the information in this notice that conforms to the information in the proposed GRAS exemption claim (proposed 21 CFR 170.36(c)(1)), is available for public review and copying on the homepage of the Office of Food Additive Safety (on the Internet at

Antonia Mattia, Ph.D.
Division of Biotechnology and GRAS Notice Review
Office of Food Additive Safety
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

Page Last Updated: 10/07/2014
Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.
Language Assistance Available: Español | 繁體中文 | Tiếng Việt | 한국어 | Tagalog | Русский | العربية | Kreyòl Ayisyen | Français | Polski | Português | Italiano | Deutsch | 日本語 | فارسی | English