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Food

Pesticide Residue Monitoring Program Results and Discussion FY 2006

FDA Pesticide Program Residue Monitoring 2004-2006

Results and Discussion

Appendices

  1. Analysis of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group in FY 2006
  2. Analysis of Import Samples by Commodity Group in FY 2006

Figures

  1. Summary of FY 2006 Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity
  2. Summary of FY 2006 Results of Import Samples by Commodity
  3. Summary of FY 2006 Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples

Tables

  1. Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed, by State, in FY 2006
  2. Foreign Countries and Number of Samples Collected and Analyzed in FY 2006 (Table 2A shows countries with Fewer Than Ten Samples)
  3. Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in FY 2006 Regulatory Monitoring
  4. Summary of FY 2006 Domestic and Import Feed Samples
  5. Residues Found in Domestic and Import Feeds in FY 2006
  6. Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler in FY 2006
  7. Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2006

Important Note for the Narrative Report and Data Files for FDA’s Pesticide Monitoring Program for FY 2006

This report and accompanying data files were originally published on FDA’s website in the summer of 2008. Several sections of the narrative report and all downloadable summary and analytical files for 2006 have been revised in February 2011. These changes were necessary due primary to corrections in FDA’s determination of pesticide residue coverage, and to a limited extent, a re-statement of samples analyzed for this year. The sections in the 2006 narrative report that have been revised have been bracketed in asterisks (*).

(*)

Files originally reported as “PROD2006” and CHEM2006” were separated into “PRODDOM2006”, PRODIMP2006”, CHEMDOM2006”, and CHEMIMP2006” files, reporting FDA samples of U.S. and foreign origin. In the “PRODIMP2006” and CHEMIMP2006” files, samples appearing as country “U.S.” reflect primarily entries of “U.S. Goods Returned” that were sampled in import status. 

Results and Discussion - FY 2006

Regulatory Monitoring

Under regulatory monitoring, 5,711 samples were analyzed. Of these, 1,394 were of domestic foods and 4,317 were imported foods.

Figure 1 shows the percentage of the 1,394 domestic samples by commodity group with “No Residues Found,” “Residues Found; NoViolation,” and ”Violative” (a violative residue is defined in this report as a residue which exceeds an EPA tolerance or formal FDA Action Level, or a residue at a level of regulatory significance for which no tolerance has been established in the sampled food.)

Figure 1 - Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group for FY 2006

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 226; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 21; Fish/Shellfish,35; Fruit,372; Vegetables,711; Other Foods, 29.

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 226; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 21; Fish/Shellfish,35; Fruit,372; Vegetables,711; Other Foods, 29.

As in earlier years, fruits and vegetables accounted for the largest proportion of the domestic commodities analyzed in FY 2006; these two commodity groups comprised 77.7 % of the total number of domestic samples. In FY 2006, 98.4 % of all domestic foods analyzed by FDA were in compliance with EPA’s established residue tolerances and FDA formal action levels. The compliance rate for domestic foods for FYs 1996 to 2005 was between 97.6% and 99.3%.

Appendix A contains more detailed data on domestic monitoring findings by commodity, including the total number of samples analyzed, the percent samples with no residues detected, and the percent violative samples including the nature of the violation (over-tolerance vs. no tolerance). Of the 1,394 domestic samples, 69.9 % had no detectable residues and 1.6 % had violative residues. In the largest commodity groups, fruits and vegetables, 43.8 % and 74.4 % of the samples, respectively, had no residues detected; 1.3 % of the fruit samples and 2.5 % of the vegetable samples contained violative residues (Figure 1). In the grains and grain products group 88.9 % of the samples had no residues detected, and there were no samples with violative residues. In the fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group, 94.3 % had no detectable residues, and there were no samples with violative residues. In the milk/dairy products/eggs group, all 21 samples analyzed had no detectable residues. In the “Other” foods group that covers nuts, seeds, honey, spices, and animal feeds among other foods, 93.1 % of the samples had no detectable residues and there were no samples with violative residues.

Findings by commodity group for the 4,317 import samples are shown in Figure 2. Fruits and vegetables accounted for 84.2 % of import samples. Overall for all imported foods, 94.6 % of the samples analyzed in FY 2005 were in compliance with EPA tolerances and FDA formal action levels. This compares with a compliance rate for imported foods for FYs 1996 to 2005 of 93.8 % to 98.4 %.

Appendix B contains detailed data on import samples. Of the 4,317 import samples analyzed, 66.5 % had no residues detected, while 5.4 % had violative residues. Imported fruits had 70.3 % of samples with no residues detected and 3.7 % samples with violative residues. Imported vegetables had 60.4 % of samples with no residues detected and 5.7 % samples with violative residues. No residues were found in 75.0 % of the imported milk/dairy products/eggs group and no violative residues were reported. No residues were found in 82.5 % of the imported fish/shellfish group and 3 violations (2.2 %) were found in this food group. In the imported grains and grain products group, 85.6 % had no detectable residues, and 2.2 % of the samples had violative residues. In the “Other” foods group consisting largely of nuts, oils, spices, and dietary supplements, 81.8 % of the samples analyzed had no residues detected, while 10.7 % of the samples contained violative residues.

Figure 2 - Results of Import Samples by Commodity Group FY 2006

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products,139; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 20; Fish/Shellfish,137; Fruit,1,151; Vegetables,2,486; Other Foods,384.

igure 2 Result of Import Domestic FY 2006

Pesticide monitoring data collected under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in FY 2006 are available to the public as a computer database. This database summarizes FDA 2006 regulatory monitoring coverage and findings by country/commodity/pesticide combination. The database also includes monitoring data by individual sample from which the summary information was compiled. Information on how to obtain this database as well as those for 1992-2005 is provided in the “Acknowledgements” section of this report.

Geographic Coverage

Domestic:A total of 1,394 domestic samples were collected in FY 2006 from 41 states and Puerto Rico. The largest numbers of samples are usually collected from those states that are the largest producers of fruits and vegetables, although California, often the state with the greatest number of samples, dropped to ninth in FY 2006. This was believed to be due to the re-direction of local FDA resources to respond to the outbreaks that occurred that year. Table 1 lists the numbers of domestic samples from each state, in descending order.

Note - for Table 1, domestic samples with no state recorded in the “Sample 2006” file were attributed through other documentation.

Table 1 - Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed by State Origin in FY 2006
State Samples Collected State Samples Collected State Samples Collected State Samples Collected
Minnesota 185 Ohio 43 Massachusetts 13 Connecticut 4
Oregon 120 North Carolina 37 Puerto Rico 12 Nebraska 4
New York  112 Arizona 34 Delaware 11 New Hampshire 4
Louisiana 111 Indiana 30 Kentucky  8 South Carolina 4
Michigan 88 New Jersey 30 North Dakota  8 Vermont 2
Illinois 74 Washington 30 Georgia  7 West Virginia 2
Florida 69 Iowa 27 Maine  6 Colorado 1
Virginia 66 Pennsylvania 16 Alaska  5 Arkansas 1
California 59 Kansas 18 Rhode Island  5 Maryland 1
Missouri 58 Montana 16 South Dakota  5 New Mexico 1
Wisconsin 49 Idaho 15        

Puerto Rico - 12 samples. States of Alabama, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming, and the District of Columbia - no samples collected.

Note - for Table 1, 70 domestic samples with no state recorded in “Sample 2006” file were attributed through other data as: OR 30; IL 8; MO 8; VA 8; KS 5; PA 5; KY 3; and CA, CO, IN 1 each.

Imports: A total of 4,317 samples representing food shipments from 87countries (excluding U.S. goods sampled in import status) were collected in FY 2006. Table 2 lists the number of samples collected from each country. Mexico, as in the past, was the source of the largest number of samples, reflecting the volume and diversity of commodities imported from that country, especially during the winter months. Table 2A lists the countries of origin that had ten or fewer samples collected in FY 2006.

Table 2. Foreign Countries and Number of Samples Collected and Analyzed in FY 2006
State Samples Collected State Samples Collected
Mexico 1951 Belgium 26
China, Peoples Rep. 397 Vietnam 26
Canada 349 France 22
Dominican Republic 214 Poland 22
Chile 129 Greece 20
Peru 92 Australia 19
India 81 Italy 19
Netherlands 79 Greece 18
Guatemala 74 Korea, Republic of (South) 17
Ecuador 72 Egypt 16
Turkey 50 Israel 16
Costa Rica 43 Jordan 16
Spain 37 Denmark 15
New Zealand 36 South Africa 14
Thailand 34 Brazil 12
Argentina 33 Colombia 12
Lebanon 31 Germany, Fed Rep 12
Syrian Arab Republic 30 Pakistan 12
Iran 27 Countries (49) w 10
Or fewer
156
Taiwan, Republic of 27 Unspecified * 61

*Note: Unspecified samples consisted primarily of U.S. Goods Returned (U.S. products originally exported and subsequently returned).

Table 2A - Ten or Fewer Samples Collected and Analyzed in FY
2006 From the Following Countries:
  • Algeria
  • Austria
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Bolivia
  • Bulgaria
  • Cameroon
  • Czech Republic
  • El Salvador
  • Ethiopia
  • Fiji
  • French Polynesia
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Madagascar
  • Malaysia
  • Morocco
  • Nicaragua
  • Nigeria
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Panama
  • Philippines
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore
  • Somalia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • Yugoslavia

Domestic/Import Violation Rate Comparison for FY 2006

In FY 2006, 1,394 domestic and 4,317 import samples were collected and analyzed. Pesticide residues were detected in 30.1 % of the domestic samples and in 33.5 % of the import samples. Just 1.6 % of the domestic samples and 5.4 % of the import samples were found to contain violative residues. Among grains and grain products, the violation rate was zero for domestic samples and 2.2 % for imports. No violations were found in the milk/dairy products/eggs group for either domestic or import samples. No violations were found for the domestic fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group, and only 2.2 % for the import samples of this group. Of domestic fruit samples, 1.3 % contained violative residues while 3.7 % of imports did. For vegetables, 2.5 % of domestic samples and 5.7 % of import samples contained violative residues. In the category "Other” (mostly nuts, edible seeds, honey, spices, and dietary supplements), the violation rates for domestic and import samples were zero and.10.7 %, respectively. As in FY 2005, ginseng and spices accounted for most of the samples with violative residues for the import “Other” foods group.

Of the domestic violative samples, four of the 23 violations (17.4 %) were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance or FDA formal action level. The balance, 19 or 82.6%, were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance. Of the import samples with violative residues, 12 of 231 violations (5.2 %), were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance of FDA formal action level. The balance of import violations, 219 or 94.8 %, were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance. 

Pesticide Coverage

Table 3 lists the 451 pesticides that were detectable by the methods used in FY 2006; each of the 133 pesticides that were actually found is indicated by an asterisk (*). Residues not previously looked for, or detected, are noted by a “+”.

Table 3. Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in 2006 Regulatory Monitoringa,b,c
(E)-AZOXYSTROBIN * (Z)-AZOXYSTROBIN * 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HEPTACHLORODIBENZOFURAN +
1,2,3,7,8-PENTACHLORODIBENZO-P-DIOXIN * 1,2,4-TRIAZOLE 2,3,5,6-TETRACHLOROANILINE *
2,4-DICHLORO-6-NITROBENZENEAMINE 2,6-DICHLOROBENZAMIDE 2,6-DIPN *
3-METHYL-4-NITROPHENOL 4-(DICHLOROACETYL)-1-OXA-4-AZAPIRO 4.5 D 4-(PHENYLAMINO)PHENOL *
4-CYCLOHEXENE-1,2-DICARBOXIMIDE, CIS- 5-CHLORO-3-METHYL-4-NITRO-1H-PYRAZOLE 6-BENZYLADENINE
ACEPHATE * ACETOCHLOR ACIBENZOLAR-S-METHYL
ACRINATHRIN ALACHLOR ALDICARB (TOTAL) *
ALDRIN ALLETHRIN ALPHA CYPERMETHRIN
AMETRYN AMINOCARB ANILAZINE
ARAMITE AROCLOR 5460 ATRAZINE *
AZINPHOS-ETHYL AZINPHOS-METHYL (TOTAL) * AZOXYSTROBIN *
BENALAXYL * BENDIOCARB BENFLURALIN (BENEFIN)
BENODANIL BENOMYL BENOXACOR
BENSULIDE BENZOYLPROP ETHYL BF 490-1
BF 490-2 BF 490-9 BHC (TOTAL) *
BIFENOX BIFENTHRIN * BINAPACRYL
BIPHENYL * BITERTANOL * BOSCALID *
BROMACIL BROMOPHOS BROMOPHOS-ETHYL
BROMOPROPYLATE * BROMUCONAZOLE BTS 27919
BUFENCARB BULAN BUPIRIMATE
BUPROFEZIN * BUTACHLOR BUTRALIN
BUTYLATE CADUSAFOS CAPTAFOL
CAPTAN * CARBARYL * CARBETAMIDE
CARBOFURAN (TOTAL) * CARBOPHENOTHION (TOTAL*) CARBOPHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG SULFONE
CARBOPHENOTHION SULFOXIDE CARBOSULFAN CARBOTHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG
CARBOXIN CARFENTRAZONE ETHYL ESTER CGA 14128
CGA 150829 CGA 171683 CGA-232449
CHLORBENSIDE CHLORBROMURON CHLORBUFAM
CHLORDANE (TOTAL) * CHLORDIMEFORM CHLORETHOXYFOS
CHLORFENAPYR CHLORFENVINPHOS (TOTAL) CHLORFLURECOL METHYL ESTER
CHLORIMURON-ETHYL CHLORMEPHOS CHLORNITROFEN
CHLOROBENZILATE CHLORONEB CHLOROPROPYLATE
CHLOROTHALONIL * CHLOROXURON CHLORPROPHAM *
CHLORPYRIFOS * CHLORPYRIFOS METHYL * CHLORPYRIFOS OXYGEN ANALOG
CHLORPYRIFOS-D10 (DEUTERATED) CHLORTHIOPHOS * CHLORTHIOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG
CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFONE CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFOXIDE CLODINAFOP-PROPARGYL
CLOMAZONE CLOQUINTOCET-MEXYL COUMAPHOS
COUMAPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG CP 51214 CROTOXYPHOS
CRUFOMATE CYANAZINE CYANOFENPHOS
CYANOPHOS CYCLOATE * CYCLURON
CYFLUTHRIN CYHALOFOP BUTYL ESTER CYMOXANIL
CYPERMETHRIN * CYPRAZINE CYPROCONAZOLE
CYPRODINIL * DCPA * DDT (TOTAL) *
DEF DELTAMETHRIN DELTAMETHRIN, TRANS-
DEMETON-O (TOTAL) DEMETON-S DEMETON-S SULFONE
DEMETON-S SULFOXIDE DES N-ISOPROPYL ISOFENPHOS DESDIETHYL SIMAZINE
DESETHYLTERBUTHYLAZINE DES-ISOPROPYL IPRODIONE DESMETHYL DIPHENAMID
DESMETRYN DIALIFOR DIALLATE
DIAZINON * DIAZINON OXYGEN ANALOG DICHLOBENIL *
DICHLOFENTHION DICHLOFLUANID DICHLONE
DICHLORVOS * DICLOBUTRAZOL DICLOFOP-METHYL
DICLORAN * DICOFOL (TOTAL) * DICROTOPHOS
DIELDRIN (TOTAL) * DIETHATYL-ETHYL DIETHOFENCARB *
DIFENOCONAZOLE * DILAN DIMETHACHLOR
DIMETHAMETRYN DIMETHIPIN DIMETHOATE *
DIMETHOMORPH * DINITRAMINE DINOBUTON
DINOCAP DIOXACARB DIOXATHION
DIPHENAMID DIPHENYLAMINE * DISULFOTON
DISULFOTON SULFONE DISULFOTON SULFOXIDE DPX-MP062
EDIFENPHOS ENDOSULFAN (TOTAL) * ENDRIN (TOTAL) *
EPN EPOXICONAZOLE EPTC
ESFENVALERATE ETACONAZOLE ETHALFLURALIN
ETHEPHON ETHIOFENCARB ETHIOLATE *
ETHION * ETHION OXYGEN ANALOG ETHOFUMESATE
ETHOPROP * ETHOXYQUIN * ETOFENPROX *
ETOXAZOLE ETRIDIAZOLE * ETRIMFOS
ETRIMFOS OXYGEN ANALOG FAMOXADONE * + FAMPHUR (TOTAL)
FENAMIDONE FENAMIPHOS (TOTAL) FENARIMOL *
FENBUCONAZOLE * FENFURAM FENHEXAMID *
FENITROTHION * FENITROTHION OXYGEN ANALOG FENOXAPROP-ETHYL
FENOXYCARB FENPROPATHRIN FENPROPIMORPH
FENSON FENSULFOTHION (TOTAL) FENTHION (TOTAL) *
FENVALERATE * FIPRONIL * FLAMPROP-METHYL
FLAMPROP-M-ISOPROPYL FLUAZIFOP BUTYL ESTER FLUAZINAM
FLUCHLORALIN FLUCYTHRINATE (PAYOFF) FLUDIOXONIL *
FLUSILAZOLE * FLUTOLANIL * FLUVALINATE *
FOE 5043 (FLUFENACET) FOLPET * FONOFOS
FONOFOS OXYGEN ANALOG FORMOTHION FOSTHIAZATE (TOTAL)
FUBERIDAZOLE FURILAZOLE GARDONA (TETRACHLORVINPHOS)
HEPTACHLOR (TOTAL) * HEPTENOPHOS HEXACHLOROBENZENE *
HEXACONAZOLE * HEXAZINONE HEXYTHIAZOX
IBP IMAZALIL * IMAZAMETHABENZ METHYL ESTER (AC 222,2
IN-B2838 IPRODIONE * IPRODIONE METABOLITE ISOMER *
ISAZOFOS ISOCARBAMID ISOFENPHOS
ISOFENPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG ISOPROCARB * ISOPROPALIN
ISOPROTHIOLANE ISOXABEN KRESOXIM-METHYL
LAMBDA-CYHALOTHRIN * LENACIL LEPTOPHOS
LEPTOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG LEPTOPHOS PHOTOPRODUCT LINDANE *
LINURON * MALATHION * MALATHION OXYGEN ANALOG
MB 46513 MB45950 MECARBAM
MEPHOSFOLAN MERPHOS METAFLUMIZONE
METALAXYL (TOTAL) * METALDEHYDE METASYSTOX THIOL
METAZACHLOR METHABENZTHIAZURON METHAMIDOPHOS *
METHIDATHION * METHIOCARB * METHOMYL *
METHOPROTRYNE METHOXYCHLOR (TOTAL) * METOBROMURON
METOLACHLOR METOLCARB METRIBUZIN (TOTAL) *
MEVINPHOS (TOTAL) * MGK 264 MIREX (TOTAL)
MOLINATE MONOCROTOPHOS * MONOLINURON
MYCLOBUTANIL * N, N-DIALLYL DICHLOROACETAMIDE NALED
NAPROPAMIDE N-DESMETHYL FLUCARBAZONE NITRALIN
NITRAPYRIN NITROFEN NITROFLUORFEN
NITROTHAL-ISOPROPYL NOREA NORFLURAZON (TOTAL) *
NUARIMOL OCTHILINONE OFURACE
OMETHOATE * OVEX OXADIAZON *
OXADIXYL * OXAMYL * OXAMYL OXIME METABOLITE
OXYDEMETON-METHYL (TOTAL) OXYFLUORFEN OXYTHIOQUINOX
PACLOBUTRAZOL PARATHION PARATHION OXYGEN ANALOG
PARATHION-METHYL * PARATHION-METHYL OXYGEN ANALOG PEBULATE
PENCONAZOLE * PENDIMETHALIN * PENTACHLOROBENZENE *
PENTACHLOROBENZONITRILE * PENTACHLOROPHENYL METHYL ETHER PERMETHRIN (TOTAL) *
PERTHANE PHENMEDIPHAM PHENOTHRIN
PHENTHOATE PHENYLPHENOL, O- * PHORATE
PHORATE METABOLITES (TOTAL) PHOSALONE * PHOSALONE OXYGEN ANALOG
PHOSMET * PHOSMET OXYGEN ANALOG PHOSPHAMIDON
PHOXIM OXYGEN ANALOG PIPERONYL BUTOXIDE * PIPEROPHOS
PIRIMICARB * PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL OXYGEN ANALOG
PIRIMIPHOS-METHYL * PRETILACHLOR PROBENAZOLE
PROCHLORAZ * PROCYAZINE PROCYMIDONE *
PROFENOFOS * PROFLURALIN PROLAN
PROMECARB PROMETON PROMETRYN *
PRONAMIDE * PROPACHLOR PROPANIL *
PROPARGITE * PROPAZINE PROPETAMPHOS
PROPHAM PROPICONAZOLE (TOTAL) * PROPOXUR
PROTHIOFOS PROTHOATE PYRACARBOLID
PYRACLOSTROBIN * PYRAZON PYRAZOPHOS (AFUGAN)
PYRETHRINS * PYRIDABEN * PYRIDAPHENTHION
PYRIMETHANIL * PYRIMIDINOL (DIAZINON HYDROLYSIS PRODUCT PYRIPROXYFEN
QUINALPHOS * QUINOXYFEN * QUINTOZENE (TOTAL) *
RONNEL RONNEL OXYGEN ANALOG RPA 405862
RPA 408056 RPA 717879 SALITHION
SCHRADAN SIMAZINE SIMETRYNE
SODIUM CHLORIDE SPIRODICLOFEN STROBANE
SULFALLATE SULFOTEPP SULPHENONE
SULPROFOS (TOTAL) TCMTB TEBUCONAZOLE *
TEBUPRIMIFOS TEBUTHIURON TECNAZENE (TOTAL) *
TEFLUTHRIN TEPP TERBACIL
TERBUFOS (TOTAL) TERBUMETON TERBUTHYLAZINE
TERBUTRYN TETRACONAZOLE TETRADIFON *
TETRAIODOETHYLENE TETRASUL THIABENDAZOLE *
THIAMETHOXAM THIAZOPYR THIOBENCARB
THIOMETON THIONAZIN TOLYLFLUANID *
TOXAPHENE TRALKOXYDIM TRALOMETHRIN
TRANID TRIADIMEFON (TOTAL) * TRIADIMENOL *
TRI-ALLATE TRIAZAMATE TRIAZOPHOS *
TRICHLORFON TRICYCLAZOLE TRIDIPHANE
TRIETAZINE TRIFLOXYSTROBIN * TRIFLUMIZOLE
TRIFLURALIN * TRIFLUSULFURON METHYL ESTER TRIMETHACARB (LANDRIN)
TRIMETHACARB (TOTAL*) TRIPHENYL PHOSPHATE * TRIS(2-BUTOXYETHYL) PHOSPHATE *
TRIS(BETA-CHLOROETHYL) PHOSPHATE * VAMIDOTHION SULFONE VERNOLATE
VINCLOZOLIN (TOTAL) * VINCLOZOLIN METABOLITE E XMC
ZOXAMIDE    

aThe list of pesticides detectable is expressed in terms of the parent pesticide. However, monitoring coverage and findings may have included metabolites, impurities, and alteration products.

bSome of these pesticides are no longer manufactured or registered for use in the United States.

cChemicals indicated by a (+) were not looked for by methods used in previous years.

(*)

Animal Feeds

In FY 2006, 335 feed samples (264 domestic surveillance and 71 import) were analyzed for pesticides by the FDA (Table 4). Of the 264 domestic surveillance samples, 196 (74.2 %) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 66 (25.0 %) contained residues at levels not exceeding regulatory guidance, and 2 (0.8%) contained residues which exceeded regulatory guidance. Of the 71 import samples, 68 (95.8 %) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 3 (4.2 %) contained residues at levels not exceeding regulatory guidance, and 0 (0.0 %) contained a residue which exceeded regulatory guidance.

During FY 2006, 2 domestic surveillance samples of animal feed contained 2 residues that likely exceeded regulatory guidance. A vitamin premix sample collected by the New England District Office and manufactured in Canada contained 82,070 ppm of ethoxyquin. If this domestic import sample were added at ≥ 3.66 pounds per ton of a complete ration, then the complete ration would be expected to contain > 150 ppm of ethoxyquin (82,070 ppm x 3.66/2000 = 150.2 ppm). Levels above 150 ppm would exceed the feed additive tolerance for ethoxyquin in animal feed that was established by the FDA in 21 CFR 573.380.

In addition, a sample of tallow collected by the Chicago District Office contained 0.069 ppm of o-phenylphenol. Although the EPA has established tolerances ranging from 5 to 125 ppm on 22 different commodities for this fungicide in 40 CFR 180.129, no tolerances have been established for o-phenylphenol in animal fat.

In the 68 domestic surveillance and 3 import samples of animal feed in which one or more pesticides were detected, there were 99 residues (82 quantifiable and 17 trace). Malathion and ethoxyquin were the most frequently found and accounted for 60.6% of all residues detected (Table 5).

Table 4 - Summary of the 264 Domestic Surveillance and 71 Import Samples of Animal Feed Analyzed for Pesticides by FDA in FY 2006
Type of Feed Number of
Samples
Samples with No
Pesticide Residues
Samples Exceeding
Regulatory Guidance
# % # %
Whole/Ground Grains 138 122 88.4 0 0.0
Plant By-products 92 71 77.2 0 0.0
Mixed Feed Rations 66 41 62.1 0 0.0
Animal By-products 14 8 57.1 1 7.1
Supplements/Misc. 14 12 85.7 1 7.7
Hay & Hay Products 11 10 90.9 0 0.0
TOTALS 335 264 (78.8) 2 (0.6)

Table 5 - Summary of the Pesticides in the 68 Domestic Surveillance and 3 Import Samples of Animal Feed Collected and Analyzed by FDA in FY 2006 That Contained One or More Detectable Residues
Pesticide Number of Samples with
Trace1
Amounts
Quantifiable
Levels
Range2
(ppm)
Median2
(ppm)
Malathion 2 41 0.012 - 2.29 0.073
Ethoxyquin3 1 16 0.015 - 82,070 0.099
Chlorpyrifos-methyl 2 4 0.016 - 1.16 0.111
Diazinon 0 5 0.013 - 0.064 0.020
DEF 0 3 0.069 - 2.33 1.50
Chlorpyrifos 1 2 0.028 - 6.00  
DDE+TDE+DDT 1 2 0.052 - 0.43  
Permethrin (cis+trans) 1 2 0.019 - 0.98  
Pirimiphos-methyl 1 1 0.008  
Methoxychlor (p,p′+o,p′) 2 0    
All others4 6 6 0.028 - 0.39 0.070

1 The residue found is below that normally quantifiable, but its presence and identity are known.

2 In samples containing quantifiable levels.

3 Ethoxyquin is approved as a pesticide (plant regulator) at levels up to 3 ppm in 40 CFR 180.178. Ethoxyquin is also a feed additive (anti-oxidant) that is approved at levels up to 150 ppm in a finished article (21 CFR 573.380).

4 N=1 for 2,6 DIPN (trace), azoxystrobin (trace), bitertanol (trace), cyprodinil (.063), diniconazole (trace), endosulfan I (.028 ppm), fenpropathrin (.39), o-phenylphenol (.069 ppm), piperonyl butoxide (.086 ppm), tetraconazole (trace), trifluralin (.071 ppm) and vinclozolin (trace).

Focused Sampling

As previously described, FDA conducts "focused sampling" by means of short-term, regulatory based, field assignments. In FY 2006, there was one pesticide-related field assignment issued and it was "Sample Collection and Analysis of Imported Dietary Supplement and Botanical Products for Pesticides and Toxic Elements." Samples of imported dietary supplement products, including Ginkgo, Garcinia cambogia, Angelica, Kava kava, and St John's wort were to be collected. Sampling districts were also asked to continue collection of Citrus aurantium, Milk thistle, Echinacea, and Saw palmetto from a FY 2004 assignment to obtain additional samples of these products. The supplement products to be collected were to be in bulk dried, powdered, or ground forms, or bulk finished dosage form supplements such as capsules and tablets.

Results: Eighty-seven samples were collected and analyzed and consisted of Angelica (19 samples), Milk thistle (18), St. John's wort (13, Ginkgo (13), Kava kava (10), Echinacea (7), Garcinia cambogia (4), Citrus aurantium (2), and Saw palmetto (1). Two samples were found to contain violative pesticide residues - a sample of St. John's wort extract from Canada for permethrin and a sample of Echinacea tablets from Australia for dieldrin and p,p' DDT. Detailed results for these samples can be found in the Access database tables provided on FDA's internet website (see "Acknowledgments" section). The tables accompany this FY 2006 narrative report on the web.

FDA Total Diet Study

Of the over 300 chemicals that can be determined for the analytical methods used, residues of 112 individual compounds were found in the foods analyzed in the four market baskets reported here for FY 2006 (Market Baskets 05-4, 06-1, 06-2, and 06-3). The 112 individual compounds detected consisted of 84 parent pesticides of which 32 had one or more related compounds (e.g., isomers, metabolites) detected as well.

Table 6 lists the 25 most frequently found residues in the TDS foods other than baby foods (those found in 2% or more of the samples), the total number of findings, and the percent occurrence in the four market baskets analyzed in FY 2006 (916 total samples). The five most frequently observed chemicals were: DDT, malathion, endosulfan, chlorpyrifos-methyl, and dieldrin, and are the same as those observed for the past several years. The levels of these and other residues listed in Table 6 were typically below regulatory limits.

Table 6 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2006 1
Pesticideb Total No. of Findings Occurrence, % Range, ppm
DDT 232 25 0.0001 - 0.109
Endosulfan 147 16 0.0001 - 0.0756
Malathion 147 16 0.0002 - 0.069
Chlorpyrifos methyl 136 15 0.0001 - 0.028
Dieldrin 122 13 0.0001 - 0.022
Chlorpyrifos 68 7 0.0001 - 0.044
Permethrin 62 7 0.0003 - 1.796
Chlorpropham 54 6 0.0005 - 1.513
Thiabendazole3 46 5 0.001 - 0.508
Carbaryl4 45 5 0.001 - 0.217
Quintozene 25 3 0.0001 - 0.0149
Cypermethrin 23 3 0.001 - 0.169
Lindane 21 2 0.0001 - 0.0007
Dicamba5 21 2 0.0003 - 0.011
Phenylphenol, o- 20 2 0.005 - 0.754
Methamidophos 20 2 0.0009 - 0.092
Captan 19 2 0.0003 - 1.818
Acephate 19 2 0.001 - 0.436
Heptachlor 19 2 0.0001 - 0.002
Hexachlorobenzene 18 2 0.0001 - 0.0006
Dicofol 17 2 0.0001 - 0.006
Pirimiphos methyl 17 2 0.0009 - 0.525
Clopyralid5 16 2 0.0004 - 0.012
DCPA 16 2 0.0002 - 0.007
Toxaphene 15 2 0.0007 - 0.059

1 Based on 4 market baskets consisting of 916 total items.

2 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 67 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 268 total items) were analyzed for Benzimidazole fungicides.

4Reflects overall incidence; however, only 82 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 328 total items) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamates.

5Reflects overall incidence; however, only 16 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 64 total items) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

The TDS program also collects and analyzes infant and toddler foods. Table 7 provides the frequency of occurrence of the 25 pesticide residues found in 2% or more of these samples in the four collections of these foods (215 samples total) in FY 2006 and the ranges of levels found.

Table 7 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in the Total Diet Study for Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2006 1
Pesticide2 Total No. of Findings Occurence, % Range, ppm
Thiabendazole3 48 22 0.001 - 0.343
Endosulfan 36 17 0.0001 - 0.0068
Carbaryl4 31 14 0.001 - 0.034
Phenylphenol, o- 23 11 0.001 - 0.075
Chlorpropham 22 10 0.0008 - 0.028
DDT 21 10 0.0001 - 0.003
Chlorpyrifos 21 10 0.0001 - 0.002
Permethrin 20 9 0.0003 - 0.035
Dieldrin 15 7 0.0001 - 0.0007
Chlorpyrifos methyl 13 6 0.0002 - 0.022
Malathion 13 6 0.001 - 0.058
Diphenylamine 12 6 0.002 - 0.023
Benomyl3 12 6 0.010 - 0.042
Captan 11 5 0.024 - 0.119
Dichloran 7 3 0.0002 - 0.014
Quinclorac5 7 3 0.0005 - 0.001
Ethylenethiourea6 6 3 0.001 - 0.013
Lambda-cyhalothrin 6 3 0.001 - 0.003
Cyprodinil 6 3 0.001 - 0.127
Fenpropathrin 5 2 0.005 - 0.020
Quintozene 4 2 0.0001 - 0.002
Phosmet 4 2 0.004 - 0.012
Piperonyl butoxide 4 2 0.002 - 0.011
Methamidophos 4 2 0.004 - 0.017
Fenvalerate 4 2 0.003 - 0.013

1 Based on 4 market baskets consisting of 215 total items.

2 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 35-36 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 142 total items) were analyzed for Benzimidazole fungicides.

4 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 35-36 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 142 total items) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamate pesticides.

5 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 6-7 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 27 total items) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

6 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 29-30 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 119 total items) were analyzed for Ethylenethiourea.

Summary

Regulatory Monitoring - FY 2006

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A total of 5,711 samples of domestically produced food and imported food from 87 countries were analyzed for pesticide residues in FY 2006. No residues were found in 69.9 % of domestic and in 66.5 % of import samples (Figure 3) analyzed under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in FY 2006. Only 1.6 % of domestic and 5.4 % of import samples had residue levels that were violative. The findings for FY 2006 demonstrate that pesticide residue levels in foods are generally well below EPA tolerances, corroborating results presented in earlier reports (6). 

FDA also collected and analyzed 264 domestic and 71 import animal feed samples for pesticides. No residues were found in 74.2 % of the domestic feed samples and in 95.8% of the import feed samples.

Figure 3 - Summary of Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples for FY 2006

Figure 3  Summary of Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples for FY 2006

Figure 3 color details 

 

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Total Diet Study

In FY 2006, the types of pesticide residues found and their frequency of occurrence in TDS were generally consistent with those given in previous FDA reports. The pesticide residue levels found were well below regulatory standards. Results of baby foods tested in FY 2006 (and earlier years) also provide evidence of only small amounts of pesticide residues in these foods. 

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Appendix A - Results of FY 2006 Domestic Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity Group Total
Samples Analyzed
Samples With No
Residues %

Samples
Violativea %
Violations
Over
Tolerance #
Violations No
Tolerance #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products 1 100 0 0 0
Corn & corn products 72 94.4 0 0 0
Oats & oat products 5 100 0 0 0
Rice & rice products 14 64.3 0 0 0
Soybeans & soybean products 44 100 0 0 0
Wheat & wheat products 76 81.3 0 0 0
Other grains & grain products 4 100 0 0 0
Breakfast cereals 2 100 0 0 0
Bakery products, crackers, etc. 6 83.3 0 0 0
Snack Foods 2 100 0 0 0
Total 226 88.9 0 0 0
             
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products 13 100 0 0 0
Eggs 4 100 0 0 0
Milk/cream & milk products 4 100 0 0 0
Total 21 100 0 0 0
             
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Product
Fish and Fish Products 13 100 0 0 0
Shellfish & Crustaceans 17 94.1 0 0 0
Aquaculture Seafood 5 80.0 0 0 0
Total 35 94.3 0 0 0
             
D. Fruits Blackberries 2 100 0 0 0
Blueberries 17 82.4 0 0 0
Boysenberries 0 0 0 0 0
Cranberries 16 62.5 0 0 0
Grapes, raisins 1 100 0 0 0
Raspberries 4 50.0 0 0 0
Strawberries 38 44.7 0 0 0
Grapefruit 1 0.0 0 0 0
lemons 2 100 0 0 0
Oranges 21 42.9 0 0 0
Other citrus fruit 4 25.0 0 0 0
Apples 140 36.4 0.7 0 1
Pears 17 41.2 0 0 0
Other core fruit 0 0 0 0 0
Apricots 1 0.0 100 0 1
Avocadoes 2 100 0 0 0
Cherries 6 33.3 0 0 0
Nectarines 6 16.7 16.7 0 1
Peaches 52 19.2 1.9 1 0
Plums 1 100 0 0 0
Olives 1 100 0 0 0
Bananas, plantains 5 100 0 0 0
Cantaloupe 4 50.0 0 0 0
Watermelon 3 100 0 0 0
Other melons 3 33.3 0 0 0
Other fruits 8 50.0 12.5 0 1
Apple juice 13 100 0 0 0
Orange juice 1 100 0 0 0
Other fruit juices 3 100 0 0 0
Fruit jams/jellies/pastes/toppings 0 0 0 0 0
Total 372 43.8 1.3 1 4
             
E. Vegetables Corn 56 100 0 0 0
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet) 18 94.4 5.6 0 1
String beans (green/snap/pole/long) 34 73.5 0 0 0
Bean & Pea Sprouts 3 100.0 0 0 0
Other beans & peas & products 93 93.5 1.1 0 1
Cucumbers 25 80.0 0 0 0
Eggplant 9 77.8 11.1 0 1
Okra 5 80.0 20.0 0 1
Peppers, hot 0 0 0 0 0
Peppers, sweet 15 73.3 0 0 0
Squash/pumpkins 61 67.2 3.3 1a 1
Tomatoes 45 80.0 0 0 0
Other fruiting vegetables 7 57.1 42.9 0 3
Asparagus 6 100 0 0 0
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage 2 0.0 50.0 0 1
Broccoli 12 83.3 8.3 1 0
Cabbage 24 79.2 0 0 0
Cauliflower 0 0 0 0 0
Celery 3 0 0 0 0
Collards 4 25.0 0 0 0
Endive 1 100 0 0 0
Kale 4 50.0 25.0 1a 0
Lettuce, head 7 85.7 0 0 0
Lettuce, leaf 38 44.7 2.6 0 1
Mustard greens 3 33.3 0 0 0
Spinach 12 33.3 0 0 0
Other leaf & stem vegetables 18 66.7 5.6 0 1
Mushrooms and Truffles 13 84.6 0 0 0
Carrots 9 55.6 22.2 0 2
Onions/leeks/scallions/shallots 20 90.0 0 0 0
Potatoes 88 62.5 0 0 0
Radishes 5 0.0 20.0 0 1
Red beets 13 38.5 7.7 0 1
Sweet potatoes 16 87.5 0 0 0
Turnips 0 0.0 0 0 0
Other root & tuber vegetables 30 70.0 0 0 0
Other vegetables/vegetable products 12 83.3 0 0 0
Total 711 74.4 2.5 3 15
             
F. Other Almonds 0 0 0 0 0
Beverages & water 1 100 0 0 0
Ginseng (including teas) 0 0 0 0 0
Beet Sugar 6 100 0 0 0
BeetPowder (food color) 1 100 0 0 0
Peanuts 2 100 0 0 0
Pecans 3 100 0 0 0
Spices, condiments, & flavors 0 0 0 0 0
Other nuts, edible seeds 2 100 0 0 0
Baby/Infant Foods 11 100 0 0 0
Multiple foods (dinners, soup) 0 0 0 0 0
Nonfood items (animal feed) 3 33.3 0 0 0
Total 29 93.1 0.0 0 0
             
Total A-F   1394 69.9 1.6 4 19
             

 

 

a Sample contained both a residue over an established tolerance or action level and a residue that has no established tolerance for the commodity.

Appendix B - Results of FY 2006 Import Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity Group Total
Samples Analyzed
Samples Without
Residues %
Samples
Violativea %
Over
Tolerance Violations #
No
Tolerance Violations #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products 9 100 0 0 0
Corn & corn products 6 100 0 0 0
Oats & oat products 12 100 0 0 0
Rice & rice products 25 72.0 12.0 0 3
Wheat & wheat products 21 90.5 0 0 0
Other grains & grain products 21 76.2 0 0 0
Breakfast cereals 8 75.0 0 0 0
Bakery products, crackers, etc. 24 83.3 0 0 0
Pasta and noodles 6 100 0 0 0
Snack foods 7 100 0 0 0
Total 139 85.6 2.2 0 3
             
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products 4 75.0 0 0 0
Eggs (includes duck & quail) 7 57.1 0 0 0
Milk/cream & milk products 9 88.9 0 0 0
Total 20 75.0 0 0 0
             
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Products
Fish and Fish Products 107 86.9 2.8 0 3
Shellfish & Crustaceans 6 50.0 0 0 0
Other Aquatic Animals & Products 1 0.0 0 0 0
Aquaculture Seafood 23 73.9 0 0 0
Total 137 82.5 2.2 0 3
             
D. Fruits Blackberries 50 56.0 10.0 0 5
Blueberries 34 76.5 0 0 0
Cranberries 8 75.0 0 0 0
Grapes, raisins 25 32.0 8.0 0 2
Raspberries 41 58.5 2.4 0 1
Strawberries 105 56.2 1.0 0 1
Other berries 9 44.4 22.2 0 2
Clementines 6 0.0 33.3 0 2
Grapefruit 0 0.0 0 0 0
Lemons 1 0.0 0 0 0
Limes 6 66.7 0 0 0
Oranges 11 36.4 0 0 0
Other citrus fruit 2 50.0 0 0 0
Apples 31 22.6 0 0 0
Pears 28 75.0 3.6 0 1
Other pome fruit 1 100 0 0 0
Apricots 8 12.5 0 0 0
Avocadoes 17 100 0 0 0
Cherries 18 50.0 11.1 0 2
Dates 11 100 0 0 0
Nectarines 4 0.0 0 0 0
Olives 17 88.2 0 0 0
Peaches 21 71.4 0 0 0
Plums/Prunes 10 30.0 0 0 0
Other pit fruit 2 100 0 0 0
Ackees, lychees, longans 1 100 0 0 0
Bananas, plantains 24 75.0 0 0 0
Breadfruit, jackfruit 9 100 0 0 0
Figs 3 100 0 0 0
Guavas 4 75.0 0 0 0
Kiwi fruit 6 83.3 0 0 0
Mangoes 24 83.3 8.3 0 2
Papaya 69 44.9 11.6 1 7
Pineapple 33 45.5 3.0 0 1
Pepinos 37 56.8 10.8 0 4
Other sub-tropical fruit 10 80.0 10.0 0 1
Bitter melon 27 70.4 18.5 0 5
Cantaloupe 4 25.0 0 0 0
Honeydew 5 40.0 0 0 0
Watermelon 5 80.0 0 0 0
Other melons 5 100 0 0 0
Apple juice 53 100 0 0 0
Citrus juice 38 100 0 0 0
Subtropical juice/milk/drink/nectar 60 100 0 0 0
Other fruit juices 73 91.8 0 0 0
Fruit jams/jellies/pastes/toppings 175 84.6 1.7 0 3
Other fruits and fruit products 20 50.0 15.0 0 3
Total 1151 70.3 3.7 1 42
             
E. Vegetables Corn 15 93.3 0 0 0
Bean sprouts and seeds 3 66.7 33.3 0 1
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet) 86 62.8 12.8 0 11
Kidney beans 14 100 0 0 0
Mung beans 5 100 0 0 0
Soybeans 11 100 0 0 0
String beans (green/snap/pole/long) 89 57.3 6.7 0 6
Other beans & peas & products incl dried/paste 175 81.7 3.4 1 6
Cucumbers 109 44.0 3.7 0 4
Eggplant 31 90.3 0 0 0
Okra 6 100 0 0 0
Peppers, hot 508 45.3 7.1 1 35
Peppers, sweet 161 45.3 5.0 0 8
Squash/pumpkins 192 48.4 1.6 0 3
Tomatoes/Tomatillos 189 61.4 2.6 0 5
Choyote 24 79.2 4.2 0 1
Other fruiting vegetables 54 72.2 11.1 0 6
Artichokes 4 100 0 0 0
Asparagus 37 89.2 0 0 0
Bamboo shoots 4 100 0 0 0
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage 12 8.3 8.3 1 0
Broccoli 43 79.1 0 0 0
Cabbage 16 81.2 0 0 0
Cauliflower 11 81.8 0 0 0
Celery 14 57.1 0 0 0
Collards 1 0.0 100 1a 0
Endive 7 85.7 0 0 0
Kale 4 0.0 0 0 0
Lettuce, head 20 70.0 5.0 0 1
Lettuce, leaf 7 42.9 0 0 0
Mustard greens 7 42.9 0 0 0
Radicchio 3 100 0 0 0
Spinach 25 68.0 4.0 0 1
Other leaf & stem vegetables 147 73.5 6.8 0 10
Mushrooms and Truffles 18 94.4 0 0 0
Carrots 42 78.6 2.4 0 1
Cassava 10 100 0 0 0
Onions/leeks/scallions/shallots 120 62.5 2.5 0 3
Potatoes 28 57.1 14.3 0 4
Radishes 14 35.7 0 0 0
Red beets 14 35.7 21.4 0 3
Sweet potatoes 8 75.0 25.0 1 1
Taro 18 83.3 0 0 0
Turnips 2 100 0 0 0
Water chestnuts 7 100 0 0 0
Other root & tuber vegetables 11 45.5 9.1 0 2
Vegetables with sauce 9 88.9 11.1 0 1
Other vegetables, dried or paste 136 58.8 15.4 2a 19
Other vegetables/vegetable products 15 80.0 13.3 0 2
Total 2486 60.4 5.7 7 134
             
F. Other Cashews 12 100 0 0 0
Coconut & coconut products 1 100 0 0 0
Peanuts & peanut products 5 100 0 0 0
Other nuts & nut products 28 92.9 0 0 0
Edible seeds & seed products 30 83.3 6.7 0 2
Vegetable oil, crude 3 100 0 0 0
Vegetable oil, refined 18 94.4 0 0 0
Oil Seed Stock 4 100 0 0 0
Spices & condiments & flavors 37 54.1 37.8 0 14b
Beverages & water 6 83.3 0 0 0
Beverage bases 9 77.8 0 0 0
Coffee/tea/wine 17 94.1 0 0 0
Candy, chocolate, cocoa products 20 100 0 0 0
Honey & other sweeteners 26 92.3 0 0 0
Baby foods/formula 1 100 0 0 0
Dietary supplements 149 77.9 16.1 4a 20
Other food products, incl. prepared foods 16 68.8 6.2 0 1
Nonfood items 2 100 0 0 0
Total 384 81.8 10.7 4 37
             
Totals A-F   4317 66.5 5.4 12 219

a Sample contained both residues with no tolerance and residues over tolerance.

b Includes 12 paprika samples from a single country.

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