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Food

Pesticide Residue Monitoring Program Results and Discussion FY 2005

FDA Pesticide Program Residue Monitoring 2004-2006

Results and Discussion

Appendices

  1. Analysis of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group in FY 2005
  2. Analysis of Import Samples by Commodity Group in FY 2005

Figures

  1. Summary of FY 2005 Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity
  2. Summary of FY 2005 Results of Import Samples by Commodity
  3. Summary of FY 2005 Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples

Tables

  1. Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed, by State, in FY 2005
  2. Foreign Countries and Number of Samples Collected and Analyzed in FY 2005 (Table 2A shows countries with Fewer Than Ten Samples)
  3. Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in FY 2005 Regulatory Monitoring
  4. Summary of FY 2005 Domestic and Import Feed Samples
  5. Residues Found in Domestic and Import Feeds in FY 2005
  6. Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2005
  7. Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2005

Important Note for the Narrative Report and Data Files for FDA’s Pesticide Monitoring Program for FY 2005

This report and accompanying data files were originally published on FDA’s website in the summer of 2008. Sections of the narrative report dealing with pesticide residue coverage, including Table 3 and several downloadable data files, have been revised in February 2011 due primarily to corrections in FDA’s determination of pesticide residue coverage. The sections in the 2005 narrative report that have been revised have been bracketed in asterisks (*).

(*)

The downloadable data files that have been revised include “US2005“, “IMFR2005”, “IMVE2005”, and “IMOT2005”. The “CHEM2005” file has been divided into “CHEMDOM2005” and “CHEMIMP2005”, reflecting separate files for foods of U.S. and foreign origin. In the “CHEMIMP2005” file, entries from country “U.S” primarily reflect “U.S. Goods Returned” that were sampled in import status.

(*)    

Results and Discussion - FY 2005

Regulatory Monitoring

Under regulatory monitoring, 7,924 samples were analyzed. Of these, 2,638 were of domestic foods and 5,286 were imported foods.

Figure 1 shows the percentage of the 2,638 domestic samples by commodity group with "No Residues Found," "Residues Found; NoViolation," and "Violative" (a violative residue is defined in this report as a residue which exceeds an EPA tolerance or formal FDA Action Level, or a residue at a level of regulatory significance for which no tolerance has been established in the sampled food.)

Figure 1 - Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group for FY 2005

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 301; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 49; Fish/Shellfish, 95; Fruit, 822; Vegetables, 1316; Other Foods, 55.

 

pie charts illustrating percentages described in text. See Appendix A.

As in earlier years, fruits and vegetables accounted for the largest proportion of the domestic commodities analyzed in 2005; these two commodity groups comprised 81.0 % of the total number of domestic samples. In FY 2005, 98.6% of all domestic foods analyzed by FDA were in compliance with EPA's established residue tolerances and FDA formal action levels. The compliance rate for domestic foods for fiscal years 1996 to 2004 was between 97.6% to 99.3%.

Appendix A contains more detailed data on domestic monitoring findings by commodity, including the total number of samples analyzed, the percent samples with no residues detected, and the percent violative samples including the nature of the violation (over-tolerance vs. no tolerance). Of the 2,638 domestic samples, 61.5 % had no detectable residues and 1.4 % had violative residues. In the largest commodity groups, fruits and vegetables, 45.1 % and 64.4 % of the samples, respectively, had no residues detected; 1.6% of the fruit samples and 1.4 % of the vegetable samples contained violative residues (Figure 1). In the grains and grain products group, 76.4 % of the samples had no residues detected, and 1.0 % had violative residues. In the fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group, 83.2 % had no detectable residues, and no violative residues were found. In the milk/dairy products/eggs group, 91.8 % of the samples had no residues detected, and no violative residues were found. In the "Other" foods group that covers nuts, seeds, honey, spices, and animal feeds among other foods, 90.0 % of the samples had no detectable residues and 3.6% had violative residues.

Findings by commodity group for the 5,286 import samples are shown in Figure 2. Fruits and vegetables accounted for 87.8 % of import samples. Overall for all imported foods, 93.8 % of the samples analyzed in FY 2005 were in compliance with EPA tolerances and FDA formal action levels. This compares with a compliance rate for imported foods for FYs 1996 to 2004 of 94.0 % to 98.4 %.

Appendix B contains detailed data on import samples. Of the 5,286 import samples analyzed, 60.8 % had no residues detected, while 6.2 % had violative residues. Imported fruits had 64.6 % of samples with no residues detected and 4.5 % samples with violative residues. Imported vegetables had 54.5% of samples with no residues detected and 6.9 % samples with violative residues. No residues were found in 93.3 % of the imported milk/dairy products/eggs group and no violative residues were reported. No residues were found in 88.3 % of the imported fish/shellfish group and 1 violation (0.5 %) was found in this food group. In the imported grains and grain products group, 87.5 % had no detectable residues, and 2.3 % of the samples had violative residues. In the "Other" foods group, 80.6 % of the samples analyzed had no residues detected, while 11.9 % of the samples contained violative residues.

Figure 2 - Results of Import Samples by Commodity Group for FY 2005

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 176; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 15; Fish/Shellfish, 188; Fruit, 1256; Vegetables, 3331; Other Foods, 320.

pie charts illustrating percentages described in text. See Appendix A.

Pesticide monitoring data collected under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in 2005 are available to the public as a computer database. This database summarizes FDA 2005 regulatory monitoring coverage and findings by country/commodity/pesticide combination. The database also includes monitoring data by individual sample from which the summary information was compiled. Information on how to obtain this database as well as those for 1992-2004 is provided in the "Acknowledgements" section of this report.

Geographic Coverage

Domestic. A total of 2,638 domestic samples were collected in FY 2005 from 44 states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia.  The largest numbers of samples were collected from those states that are the largest producers of fruits and vegetables. Table 1 lists numbers of domestic samples from each location, in descending order.

Note – for Table 1, domestic samples with no state recorded in the "Sample 2005" file were attributed through other documentation.

Table 1. Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed, by State
Origin, in FY 2005
California 446 Kansas 68 Montana 29 Maine 9
Florida 211 Virginia 65 Wyoming 25 Alaska 8
Louisiana 205 Indiana 64 Texas 24 Kentucky 7
Washington 190 Arizona 57 Pennsylvania 20 South Carolina 7
New York 148 Ohio 46 New Mexico 18 South Dakota 6
Minnesota 146 Utah 42 Maryland 17 Vermont 6
Oregon 121 North Carolina 38 New Jersey 17 New Hampshire 5
Illinois 104 Colorado 36 Delaware 15 Rhode Island 5
Idaho 98 Michigan 36 Georgia 15 Arkansas 3
Missouri 97 Nebraska 35 Massachusetts 11 Oklahoma 2
Wisconsin 76 Iowa 34 North Dakota 10 Tennessee 2

Puerto Rico - 12 samples; District of Columbia – 2 samples.  States of Alabama, Connecticut, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, and West Virginia – no samples collected.

Note - for Table 1, 80 domestic samples with no state recorded in "Sample 2005" file were attributed through other data as: Oregon 25; Idaho 11; Kansas 8; California 7; Pennsylvania 7; Missouri 5; Arkansas 3; Maryland 3; Tennesse 2; and Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin one each.

Imports: A total of 5,286 samples representing food shipments from 90 countries (excluding U.S. goods sampled in import status) were collected in FY 2005. Table 2 lists the number of samples collected from each country. Mexico, as in the past, was the source of the largest number of samples, reflecting the volume and diversity of commodities imported from that country, especially during the winter months. Table 2A lists the countries of origin that had ten or fewer samples collected in FY 2005. 

Table 2 -  Foreign Countries and Number of Samples
Collected and Analyzed in FY 2005; Countries with Ten or
More Samples
Mexico 2645 Korea, Republic of (South) 31
Canada 431 Italy 30
China, Peoples Republic of 428 Vietnam 30
Chile 167 Lebanon 29
Dominican Republic 133 South Africa 29
Guatemala 120 Brazil 27
Netherlands 105 Greece 24
Ecuador 86 Jamaica 24
India 74 Colombia 23
Peru 72 Iran 17
Costa Rica 57 New Zealand 17
Turkey 57 Yugoslavia 17
Thailand 51 Honduras 16
Belgium 44 Pakistan 15
Poland 42 Phillipines 14
Argentina 37 Australia 12
Spain 36 El Salvador 11
Taiwan, Rep of 35 Haiti 11
Egypt 33 Bulgaria 10
Israel 32 Russia 10
France 31 (Countries w <10)  124
    United States 1 49

1 Note: Import samples recorded as U.S. country of origin consisted primarily of U.S. Goods Returned (U.S. products exported and subsequently returned).  An additional 9 import samples reported as U.S. country of origin in the "Sample 2005" file, were attributed through other data to individual countries (Mexico 5 and Canada 4) and are reflected in the tables here.  In previous annual residue reports, these samples were recorded as "Unspecified" (i.e., country of origin field in the file was blank).

Table 2A – Foreign Countries with Fewer Than 10 Samples Collected
and
Analyzed  in FY 2005:
  • Austria
  • Bangladesh
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia-Hercegovin
  • Cayman Islands
  • Cyprus
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Ivory Coast
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kampuchea
  • Kenya
  • Lithuania
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Moldova
  • Morocco
  • Nicaragua
  • Norway
  • Panama
  • Portugal
  • Reunion
  • Romania
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Venezuela

Domestic/Import Violation Rate Comparison for FY 2005

In FY 2005, 2,638 domestic and 5,286 import samples were collected and analyzed. Pesticide residues were detected in 38.5 % of the domestic samples and in 39.2 % of the import samples. The violation rate was 1.4 % for domestic samples and 6.2 % for import samples. Among grains and grain products, the violation rate was 1.0 % for domestic samples and 2.3 % for imports. No violations were found in the milk/dairy products/eggs group for either domestic or import samples. No violations were found for the domestic fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group, and 0.5 % violations were found for the import samples of this group. Of domestic fruit samples, 1.6% contained violative residues while 4.5 % of imports did. For vegetables, 1.4% of domestic samples and 6.9 % of import samples contained violative residues. In the category "Other" (mostly nuts, edible seeds, honey, spices, and dietary supplements), the violation rates for domestic and import samples were 1.4 % and 11.9 %, respectively. Ginseng and spices accounted for most of the samples with violative residues for the import "Other" foods group.

Of the domestic violative samples, five of the 37 violations (13.5 %) were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance or FDA formal action level. The balance, 32 or 86.5%, were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance. Of the import samples with violative residues, 17 of 330 violations (5.2%), were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance of FDA formal action level. The balance of import violations, 313 or 94.8%, were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance.

Pesticide Coverage

(*)

Table 3 lists the 455 pesticides that were detectable by the methods used in FY 2005; each of the 164 pesticides that were actually found is indicated by an asterisk (*).  Residues not previously looked for, nor detected, are noted by a "+". 

Table 3. Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in FY 2005 Regulatory Monitoringa,b,c

(E)-AZOXYSTROBIN *

(Z)-AZOXYSTROBIN *

1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HEPTACHLORODIBENZO
FURAN

1-NAPHTHOL *

2,3,5,6-TETRACHLOROANILINE *

2,4-D *

2,4-DICHLORO-6-NITROBENZENEAMINE

2,6-DICHLOROBENZAMIDE *

2,6-DIPN * +

3-METHYL-4-NITROPHENOL

4-(DICHLOROACETYL)-1-OXA-4-AZAPIRO 4.5 D

4-CYCLOHEXENE-1,2-DICARBOXIMIDE, CIS- *

5-CHLORO-3-METHYL-4-NITRO-1H-PYRAZOLE

ACEPHATE *

ACETAMIPRID * +

ACETOCHLOR

ACIBENZOLAR-S-METHYL

ACRINATHRIN

ALACHLOR

ALDICARB (TOTAL) *

ALDRIN

ALLETHRIN

ALPHA CYPERMETHRIN

AMETRYN *

AMINOCARB *

ANILAZINE

ARAMITE

ATRAZINE *

AZINPHOS-ETHYL

AZINPHOS-METHYL (TOTAL) *

AZOXYSTROBIN *

BENALAXYL *

BENDIOCARB

BENFLURALIN (BENEFIN) *

BENODANIL

BENOXACOR

BENSULIDE

BENZOYLPROP ETHYL

BF 490-1 *

BF 490-2

BF 490-9

BHC (TOTAL) *

BIFENAZATE * +

BIFENOX

BIFENTHRIN *

BINAPACRYL

BIPHENYL *

BIS(2-ETHYLHEXYL) PHTHALATE +

BITERTANOL *

BOSCALID *

BROMACIL

BROMOPHOS

BROMOPHOS-ETHYL

BROMOPROPYLATE *

BROMUCONAZOLE

BUFENCARB

BULAN

BUPIRIMATE

BUPROFEZIN *

BUTACHLOR

BUTRALIN

BUTYLATE

CADUSAFOS

CAPTAFOL

CAPTAN *

CARBARYL *

CARBOFURAN (TOTAL) *

CARBOPHENOTHION (TOTAL)

CARBOPHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG SULFONE

CARBOPHENOTHION SULFOXIDE

CARBOSULFAN

CARBOTHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG

CARBOXIN

CARFENTRAZONE ETHYL ESTER

CGA 14128

CGA-232449

CHLORBENSIDE

CHLORBROMURON

CHLORBUFAM

CHLORDANE (TOTAL) *

CHLORDECONE

CHLORDIMEFORM *

CHLORETHOXYFOS

CHLORFENAPYR

CHLORFENVINPHOS (TOTAL)

CHLORFLURECOL METHYL ESTER

CHLORMEPHOS

CHLORNITROFEN

CHLOROBENZILATE

CHLORONEB

CHLOROPROPYLATE

CHLOROTHALONIL *

CHLOROXURON

CHLORPROPHAM *

CHLORPYRIFOS *

CHLORPYRIFOS METHYL *

CHLORPYRIFOS OXYGEN ANALOG

CHLORPYRIFOS-D10 (DEUTERATED) *

CHLORTHIOPHOS

CHLORTHIOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG

CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFONE

CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFOXIDE

CLODINAFOP-PROPARGYL

CLOMAZONE

CLOQUINTOCET-MEXYL

COUMAPHOS

COUMAPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG

CROTOXYPHOS

CRUFOMATE

CYANAZINE

CYANOFENPHOS

CYANOPHOS

CYCLOATE *

CYCLURON

CYFLUTHRIN *

CYHALOFOP BUTYL ESTER

CYMOXANIL

CYPERMETHRIN *

CYPRAZINE

CYPROCONAZOLE

CYPRODINIL *

DCPA *

DDT (TOTAL) *

DEF

DELTAMETHRIN *

DELTAMETHRIN, TRANS-

DEMETON-O (TOTAL)

DEMETON-S

DEMETON-S SULFONE

DEMETON-S SULFOXIDE

DES N-ISOPROPYL ISOFENPHOS

DESDIETHYL SIMAZINE

DESETHYLTERBUTHYLAZINE

DES-ISOPROPYL IPRODIONE

DESMETRYN

DIALIFOR

DIALLATE

DIAZINON *

DIAZINON OXYGEN ANALOG

DIBENZ[A,H]ANTHRACENE * +

DICHLOBENIL *

DICHLOFENTHION

DICHLOFLUANID

DICHLONE

DICHLORVOS *

DICLOBUTRAZOL

DICLOFOP-METHYL

DICLORAN *

DICOFOL (TOTAL) *

DICROTOPHOS

DIELDRIN (TOTAL) *

DIETHATYL-ETHYL

DIETHOFENCARB *

DIFENOCONAZOLE *

DILAN

DIMETHACHLOR

DIMETHAMETRYN

DIMETHIPIN

DIMETHOATE *

DIMETHOMORPH * +

DINITRAMINE

DINOBUTON

DINOCAP

DIOXACARB *

DIOXATHION

DIPHENAMID

DIPHENYLAMINE *

DISULFOTON

DISULFOTON SULFONE

DISULFOTON SULFOXIDE

DPX-MP062

EDIFENPHOS

ENDOSULFAN (TOTAL) *

ENDRIN (TOTAL) *

EPN

EPOXICONAZOLE

EPTC

ESFENVALERATE *

ETACONAZOLE

ETHALFLURALIN *

ETHEPHON

ETHIOFENCARB

ETHIOLATE *

ETHION *

ETHION OXYGEN ANALOG *

ETHOFUMESATE

ETHOPROP *

ETHOXYQUIN *

ETHYLENE GLYCOL

ETOFENPROX *

ETOXAZOLE

ETRIDIAZOLE *

ETRIMFOS

ETRIMFOS OXYGEN ANALOG

FAMPHUR (TOTAL)

FENAMIDONE

FENAMIPHOS (TOTAL)

FENARIMOL *

FENBUCONAZOLE *

FENBUCONAZOLE METABOLITES (TOTAL) +

FENFURAM

FENHEXAMID *

FENITROTHION *

FENITROTHION OXYGEN ANALOG

FENOXAPROP-ETHYL

FENOXYCARB

FENPROPATHRIN *

FENPROPIMORPH

FENSULFOTHION (TOTAL)

FENTHION (TOTAL) *

FENVALERATE *

FIPRONIL *

FLAMPROP-METHYL

FLAMPROP-M-ISOPROPYL

FLUAZIFOP BUTYL ESTER

FLUAZINAM

FLUCHLORALIN

FLUCYTHRINATE (PAYOFF)

FLUDIOXONIL*

FLUSILAZOLE

FLUTOLANIL *

FLUVALINATE *

FOE 5043 (FLUFENACET)

FOLPET *

FONOFOS

FONOFOS OXYGEN ANALOG

FORMOTHION

FOSTHIAZATE (TOTAL)

FUBERIDAZOLE

FURILAZOLE

GARDONA (TETRACHLORVINPHOS)

HEPTACHLOR (TOTAL) *

HEPTENOPHOS

HEXACHLOROBENZENE *

HEXACONAZOLE *

HEXAZINONE

HEXYTHIAZOX

IBP

IMAZALIL *

IMAZAMETHABENZ METHYL ESTER (AC 222,2

IPRODIONE *

IPRODIONE METABOLITE ISOMER *

ISAZOFOS

ISOCARBAMID

ISOFENPHOS

ISOFENPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG

ISOPROCARB

ISOPROPALIN

ISOPROTHIOLANE *

ISOXAFLUTOLE

KRESOXIM-METHYL

LACTOFEN (TOTAL)

LAMBDA-CYHALOTHRIN *

LENACIL

LEPTOPHOS

LEPTOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG

LEPTOPHOS PHOTOPRODUCT

LINDANE *

LINURON *

MALATHION *

MALATHION OXYGEN ANALOG

MB 46513

MB45950

MB46136

MECARBAM

MEPHOSFOLAN

MERPHOS

METAFLUMIZONE

METALAXYL (TOTAL) *

METALDEHYDE *

METASYSTOX THIOL

METAZACHLOR

METHABENZTHIAZURON

METHAMIDOPHOS *

METHIDATHION *

METHIOCARB *

METHOMYL *

METHOPROTRYNE

METHOXYCHLOR (TOTAL) *

METOBROMURON

METOLACHLOR *

METOLCARB

METRIBUZIN (TOTAL) *

MEVINPHOS (TOTAL) *

MGK 264

MIREX (TOTAL) *

MOLINATE

MONOCROTOPHOS *

MONOLINURON *

MYCLOBUTANIL *

N, N-DIALLYL DICHLOROACETAMIDE

NALED

NAPROPAMIDE

N-DESMETHYL FLUCARBAZONE

NICOTINE

NITRALIN

NITRAPYRIN

NITROFEN

NITROFLUORFEN

NITROTHAL-ISOPROPYL

NOREA

NORFLURAZON (TOTAL) *

NUARIMOL

OCTHILINONE

OFURACE

OMETHOATE *

OVEX

OXADIAZON *

OXADIXYL *

OXAMYL *

OXAMYL OXIME METABOLITE

OXYDEMETON-METHYL (TOTAL)

OXYFLUORFEN

OXYTHIOQUINOX

PACLOBUTRAZOL

PARATHION *

PARATHION OXYGEN ANALOG

PARATHION-METHYL *

PARATHION-METHYL OXYGEN ANALOG

PB-9 +

PEBULATE

PENCONAZOLE *

PENDIMETHALIN *

PENTACHLOROBENZENE *

PENTACHLOROBENZONITRILE *

PENTACHLOROPHENYL METHYL ETHER

PERMETHRIN (TOTAL) *

PERTHANE

PHENOTHRIN

PHENTHOATE

PHENYLPHENOL, O- *

PHORATE

PHORATE METABOLITES (TOTAL) *

PHOSALONE *

PHOSALONE OXYGEN ANALOG

PHOSMET *

PHOSMET OXYGEN ANALOG

PHOSPHAMIDON

PHOSPHINE

PHOXIM OXYGEN ANALOG

PIPERONYL BUTOXIDE *

PIPEROPHOS

PIRIMICARB *

PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL

PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL OXYGEN ANALOG

PIRIMIPHOS-METHYL *

PRETILACHLOR

PROCHLORAZ *

PROCYAZINE *

PROCYMIDONE *

PROFENOFOS *

PROFLURALIN

PROLAN

PROMECARB

PROMETON

PROMETRYN *

PRONAMIDE *

PROPACHLOR

PROPANIL *

PROPARGITE *

PROPAZINE

PROPETAMPHOS

PROPHAM

PROPICONAZOLE (TOTAL) *

PROPOXUR *

PROTHIOFOS

PROTHOATE

PYRACARBOLID

PYRACLOSTROBIN *

PYRAZON

PYRAZOPHOS (AFUGAN)

PYRETHRINS

PYRETHROIDS, SYNTHETIC * +

PYRIDABEN *

PYRIDAPHENTHION

PYRIMETHANIL *

PYRIPROXYFEN *

QUINALPHOS

QUINOXYFEN *

QUINTOZENE (TOTAL) *

QUIZALOFOP ETHYL ESTER

RONNEL

RONNEL OXYGEN ANALOG

ROTENONE +

RPA 405862

RPA 408056

RPA 717879

SALITHION

S-BIOALLETHRIN

SCHRADAN

SIMAZINE *

SIMETRYNE

SODIUM ARSENATE *

SODIUM BENZOATE *

SPIRODICLOFEN

STROBANE

SULFALLATE

SULFOTEPP *

SULFUR DIOXIDE

SULPHENONE

SULPROFOS (TOTAL)

TCMTB

TEBUCONAZOLE *

TEBUPRIMIFOS

TEBUTHIURON

TECNAZENE (TOTAL) *

TEFLUTHRIN

TEPP

TERBACIL

TERBUFOS (TOTAL)

TERBUMETON *

TERBUTHYLAZINE *

TERBUTRYN

TETRACONAZOLE

TETRADIFON *

TETRAIODOETHYLENE

TETRAMETHRIN *

TETRASUL

THIABENDAZOLE *

THIACLOPRID +

THIAMETHOXAM

THIAZOPYR

THIOBENCARB

THIOMETON

THIONAZIN

TOLYLFLUANID *

TOTAL CHLORFENVINPHOS *

TOXAPHENE *

TRALKOXYDIM

TRALOMETHRIN

TRANID

TRIADIMEFON (TOTAL) *

TRIADIMENOL *

TRI-ALLATE

TRIAZAMATE

TRIAZOPHOS *

TRICHLORFON

TRICYCLAZOLE

TRIDIPHANE

TRIETAZINE

TRIFLOXYSTROBIN *

TRIFLUMIZOLE

TRIFLURALIN *

TRIFLUSULFURON METHYL ESTER

TRIMETHACARB (LANDRIN)

TRIMETHACARB (TOTAL)

TRIPHENYL PHOSPHATE *

TRIS(1,3-DICHLORO-2-PROPYL)PHOSPHATE * +

TRIS(BETA-CHLOROETHYL) PHOSPHATE *

VAMIDOTHION SULFONE

VERNOLATE

VINCLOZOLIN (TOTAL ) *

VINCLOZOLIN METABOLITE E

XMC

ZOXAMIDE

 

aThe list of pesticides detectable is expressed in terms of the parent pesticide.  However, monitoring coverage and findings may have included metabolites, impurities, and alteration products.

bSome of these pesticides are no longer manufactured or registered for use in the United States.

cChemicals indicated by a (+) were not looked for by methods used in previous years.

(*)

Animal Feeds

In FY 2005, 331 feed samples (250 domestic surveillance and 81 import) were analyzed for pesticides by the FDA (Table 4).  Of the 250 domestic surveillance samples, 182 (72.8 %) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 66 (26.4 %) contained residues at levels not exceeding regulatory guidance, and 2 (0.8 %) contained residues which exceeded regulatory guidance.  Of the 81 import samples, 62 (76.5 %) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 16 (19.8 %) contained residues at levels not exceeding regulatory guidance, and 3 (3.7 %) contained a residue which exceeded regulatory guidance. 

Two domestic surveillance samples of animal feed contained 2 residues that exceeded regulatory guidance during FY 2005.  One was a corn sample from Missouri that contained 0.189 ppm of methoxychlor.  All the tolerances for methoxychlor in 40 CFR 180.120 have been revoked by the EPA.  The other was a sample of timothy grass hay from Ohio that contained 1.03 ppm of o-phenylphenol.  There are no tolerances established by the EPA for o-phenylphenol on any grasses in 40 CFR 180.129. 

Three import samples of animal feed contained 3 residues that exceeded regulatory guidance during FY 2005. One was a color additive derived from marigolds and imported from Mexico that contained 3.5 % (35,000 ppm) ethoxyquin. This level exceeded the 0.3 % maximum ethoxyquin level established by the FDA in Tagetes (Aztec marigold) meal and extract in 21 CFR 73.295(a). The second was a sample of grain screening pellets imported from Canada that contained 0.119 ppm of tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate. This compound is a fire retardant and there are no established tolerances, action levels, or guidance levels for it in animal feed. The third was a sample of psyllium husk powder imported from India that contained 0.016 ppm of isoproturon. Although isoproturon is a phenylurea herbicide that is approved for use in other countries, the EPA has not established any tolerances for this compound in the U.S.

In the 68 domestic surveillance and 19 import samples of animal feed in which one or more pesticides were detected, there were 116 residues (83 quantifiable and 33 trace).  Malathion and ethoxyquin were the most frequently found and accounted for 58.6 % of all residues detected (Table 5).

Table 4 - Summary of the 250 Domestic Surveillance and 81 Import Samples of  Animal Feed that were Collected and Analyzed for Pesticides by the FDA in FY 2005.
Type of Feed # of Samples Samples with No
Pesticide Residues
Samples Exceeding
Regulatory Guidance
# % # %
Whole/Ground Grains 134 105 78.4   1   0.7
Plant By-products 104 76 73.1 2 1.9
Mixed Feed Rations 43 27 62.8 0 0.0
Hay & Hay Products 20 15 75.0 1 5.0
Supplements/Misc. 19 13 68.4 1 5.3
Animal By-products 11 8 72.7 0 0.0
TOTALS 331 244 (73.7) 5 (1.5)

Table 5 - Summary of the Pesticides Detected in the 68 Domestic Surveillance and 19 Import Samples of Animal Field Collected and Analyzed by FDA in FY 2005 that Contained One or More Detectable Residues.
Pesticide Number of Samples with
Trace1
Amounts
Quantifiable
Levels
Range2
(ppm)
Median2
(ppm)
Malathion 11 42 0.022 - 5.36 0.093
Ethoxyquin3 1 14 0.031 - 35,000 0.419
Methoxychlor (p,p’+o,p’) 6 1 0.189  
Chlorpyrifos-methyl 2 3 0.029 - 0.475 0.107
DEF 3 2 0.036 - 0.085  
Diazinon 0 4 0.022 - 0.037 0.031
DDE+TDE+DDT 3 0    
Cyfluthrin 0 2 0.086 - 0.390  
Pirimiphos-methyl 0 2 0.052 - 0.073  
Tetraconazole 0 2 0.032 - 0.045  
Permethrin (cis+trans) 1 1 0.152  
Chlorpyrifos 2 0    
All others4 4 10 0.008 - 1.35 0.052

1 the residue found is below that normally quantifiable, but its presence and identity are known.

2 in samples containing quantifiable levels.

3 ethoxyquin is approved as a pesticide (plant regulator) at levels up to 3 ppm in 40 CFR 180.178.  Ethoxyquin is also a feed additive (anti-oxidant) that is approved at levels up to 150 ppm in a finished article (21 CFR 573.380).

4n=1 for acephate (.030 ppm), biphenyl (trace), cypermethrin (trace), endosulfan sulfate (.008 ppm), fenvalerate (trace), isoproturon (.016 ppm), lindane (trace), methamidophos (.022 ppm), parathion-methyl (.016 ppm), piperonyl butoxide (.074 ppm), o-phenylphenol (1.03 ppm), propiconazole (1.35 ppm), tetrachlorvinphos (.333 ppm) and tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (.119 ppm).

Focused Sampling

As previously described, FDA conducts "focused sampling" by means of short-term, regulatory based, field assignments.  In FY 2005, there were no multi-district pesticide related field assignments. 

FDA Total Diet Study

Of the over 300 chemicals that can be determined for the analytical methods used, residues of 94 individual compounds were found in the foods analyzed in the four market baskets reported here for FY 2005 (Market Baskets 04-4, 05-1, 05-2, and 05-3). The 94 individual compounds detected consisted of 73 parent pesticides of which 31 had one or more related compounds (e.g., isomers, metabolites) detected as well.

Table 6 lists the 27 most frequently found residues in the TDS foods other than baby foods (those found in 2% or more of the samples), the total number of findings, and the percent occurrence in the four market baskets analyzed in FY 2005 (916 total samples). The five most frequently observed chemicals were: DDT, malathion, endosulfan, chlorpyrifos-methyl, and dieldrin, and are the same as those observed for the past several years. The levels of these and other residues listed in Table 6 were typically below regulatory limits.

The TDS program also collects and analyzes infant and toddler foods. Table 7 provides the frequency of occurrence in FY 2005 of the 25 pesticide residues (found in 2% or more of these samples in the four collections of these foods which totaled 228 samples), and the ranges of levels found.

Table 6 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 20051
Pesticide2 Total No. of Findings Occurrence, % Range, ppm
DDT 240 26 0.0001 - 0.043
Malathion 166 18 0.0001 - 0.104
Endosulfan 142 16 0.0001 - 0.408
Chlorpyrifos methyl 139 15 0.0001 - 0.127
Dieldrin 103 11 0.0001 - 0.016
Chlorpyrifos 69 8 0.0001 - 0.098
Permethrin 57 6 0.0002 - 8.400
Chlorpropham 55 6 0.0003 - 2.216
Thiabendazole3 54 6 0.001 - 0.957
Quintozene 28 3 0.0001 - 0.0066
Carbaryl4 27 3 0.001 - 0.101
Dicamba5 25 3 0.0001 - 0.016
Methamidophos 22 2 0.0004 - 0.209
Pirimiphos methyl 22 2 0.0006 - 0.537
Lindane 22 2 0.0001 - 0.0008
Clopyralid5 21 2 0.0002 - 0.017
Acephate 21 2 0.002 - 0.320
Heptachlor 19 2 0.0001 - 0.002
Dichloran 19 2 0.0007 - 0.126
2,4-D5 18 2 0.0001 - 0.002
Toxaphene 17 2 0.001 - 0.040
Cypermethrin 15 2 0.0005 - 0.345
Benomyl3 14 2 0.010 - 0.805
Ethion 14 2 0.0003 - 0.027
Quinclorac5 14 2 0.0003 - 0.005

1 Based on 4 market baskets consisting of 916 total items.

2 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide.

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 67 selected foods per market basket (i.e., 268 total items ) were analyzed for Benzimidazole fungicides.

4 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 82 selected foods per market basket (i.e., 328 total itemsl) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamates.

5 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 16 selected foods per market basket (i.e., 64 total items) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

Table 7 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 20051
Pesticide2 Total No. of Findings Occurence, % Range, ppm
Thiabendazole3 46 20 0.001 - 0.274
DDT 36 16 0.0001 - 0.003
Endosulfan 26 11 0.0001 - 0.0053
Carbaryl4 22 10 0.0001 -0.099
Chlorpropham 20 9 0.0002 - 0.010
Chlorpyrifos 13 6 0.0002 - 0.016
Benomyl3 13 6 0.010 - 0.037
Malathion 12 5 0.003 - 0.086
Chlorpyrifos methyl 10 4 0.002 - 0.058
Diphenylamine 9 4 0.005 - 0.140
Quinclorac5 9 4 0.0005 - 0.003
Dieldrin 9 4 0.0001 - 0.001
Permethrin 9 4 0.0005 - 0.004
Lambda-cyhalothrin 8 4 0.0007 - 0.006
Fenpropathrin 8 4 0.008 - 0.042
Phenylphenol, o- 7 3 0.015 - 0.132
Phosmet 6 3 0.002 - 0.021
Dichloran 6 3 0.0001 - 0.012
Captan 5 2 0.034 - 0.163
Cyprodinil 5 2 0.004 - 0.007
Dicamba5 4 2 0.0005 - 0.002
Iprodione 4 2 0.002 - 0.040
Clopyralid5 4 2 0.0002 - 0.001
Methamidophos 4 2 0.003 - 0.028
Fenvalerate 4 2 0.002 - 0.004

1 Based on 4 market baskets consisting of 228 total items.

2 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide.

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 38 selected foods per market basket (i.e., 152 total items ) were analyzed for Benzimidazole fungicides.

4 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 38 selected foods per market basket (i.e.,152 total items) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamates.

5 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 7selected foods per market basket (i.e., 28 total items) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

Summary

Regulatory Monitoring - FY 2005

A total of 7,924 samples of domestically produced food and imported food from 90 countries were analyzed for pesticide residues in FY 2005. No residues were found in 61.5 % of domestic and in 60.8 % of import samples (Figure 3) analyzed under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in FY 2005. Only 1.4 % of domestic and 6.2 % of import samples had residue levels that were violative. The findings for FY 2005 demonstrate that pesticide residue levels in foods are generally well below EPA tolerances, corroborating results presented in earlier reports (6).

FDA also collected and analyzed 250 domestic and 81 import animal feed samples for pesticides.  No residues were found in 72.8 % of the domestic feed samples and in 76.5  % of the import feed samples.

Figure 3. Summary of Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples

pie charts illustrating comparison of 3638 Domestic and 5286 Import samples above.

Total Diet Study

In FY 2005, the types of pesticide residues found and their frequency of occurrence in the TDS were generally consistent with those given in previous FDA reports. The pesticide residue levels found were well below regulatory standards. Results of baby foods tested in FY 2005 (and earlier years) also provide evidence of only small amounts of pesticide residues in these foods.

Appendices

Appendix A - Results of FY 2005 Domestic Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity Group Total
Samples Analyzed
Samples With No
Residues %
Samples
Violative1 %
Violations Over
Tolerance #
Violations No
Tolerance #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products 4 0 0 0 0
Corn & corn products 43 81.4 0 0 0
Oats & oat products 10 100 0 0 0
Rice & rice products 21 95.2 0 0 0
Soybeans & soybean products 32 96.9 0 0 0
Wheat & wheat products 171 65.5 1.8 0 3
Other grains & grain products 7 85.7 0 0 0
Breakfast cereals 10 100 0 0 0
Bakery products, crackers, etc. 3 66.7 0 0 0
Total 301 76.4 1.0 0 3
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products 29 96.6 0 0 0
Eggs 6 100 0 0 0
Milk/cream & milk products 14 78.6 0 0 0
Total 49 91.8 0 0 0
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Products
Fish and Fish Products 53 84.9 0 0 0
Shellfish & Crustaceans 25 96 0 0 0
Aquaculture Seafood 17 58.8 0 0 0
Total 95 83.2 0 0 0
D. Fruits Blackberries 11 27.3 0 0 0
Blueberries 34 73.5 2.9 0 1
Boysenberries 1 100 0 0 0
Cranberries 1 0 0 0 0
Grapes, raisins 18 72.2 0 0 0
Raspberries 13 61.5 0 0 0
Strawberries 91 34.1 4.4 0 4
Grapefruit 14 42.9 0 0 0
Lemons 16 62.5 0 0 0
Oranges 104 41.3 0 0 0
Other citrus fruit 13 61.5 0 0 0
Apples 142 37.3 0 0 0
Pears 33 36.4 12.1 0 4
Other core fruit 6 16.7 0 0 0
Apricots 20 25.0 0 0 0
Avocadoes 4 100 0 0 0
Cherries 27 51.9 0 0 0
Nectarines 22 27.3 4.5 0 1
Peaches 80 22.5 2.5 2 0
Plums 22 63.6 0 0 0
Other pit fruit 4 50.0 0 0 0
Bananas, plantains 7 85.7 0 0 0
Cantaloupe 44 56.8 0 0 0
Watermelon 18 83.3 0 0 0
Other melons 7 71.4 14.2 1 0
Other fruits 9 44.4 0 0 0
Apple juice 20 80.0 0 0 0
Orange juice 7 100 0 0 0
Other fruit juices 19 52.6 0 0 0
Fruit jams/jellies/pastes/toppings 15 40.0 0 0 0
Total 822 45.1 1.6 3 10
E. Vegetables Corn 85 98.8 0 0 0
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet) 17 76.5 5.9 0 1
String beans (green/snap/pole/long) 58 58.6 1.7 0 1
Bean & Pea Sprouts 5 80.0 0 0 0
Other beans & peas & products 122 82.0 0.8 1 0
Cucumbers 67 77.6 0 0 0
Eggplant 15 80.0 0 0 0
Okra 4 100 0 0 0
Peppers, hot 6 66.7 16.7 0 1
Peppers, sweet 47 68.1 0 0 0
Squash/pumpkins 107 58.9 0 0 0
Tomatoes 96 70.0 1.0 0 1
Other fruiting vegetables 11 54.5 0 0 0
Asparagus 12 83.3 0 0 0
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage 3 0.0 0 0 0
Broccoli 23 56.5 0 0 0
Cabbage 60 83.3 1.7 0 1
Cauliflower 4 100 0 0 0
Celery 8 12.5 12.5 1 0
Collards 8 50.0 0 0 0
Endive 4 25.0 25.0 0 1
Kale 3 66.7 0 0 0
Lettuce, head 26 76.9 0 0 0
Lettuce, leaf 44 38.6 2.3 0 1
Mustard greens 4 50.0 0 0 0
Spinach 21 19.0 4.8 0 1
Other leaf & stem vegetables 64 40.6 6.2 0 4
Mushrooms and Truffles 15 80.0 0 0 0
Carrots 49 55.1 2.0 0 1
Onions/leeks/scallions/shallots 52 75.0 1.9 0 1
Potatoes 124 42.7 0 0 0
Radishes 12 50.0 8.3 0 1
Red beets 7 57.1 0 0 0
Sweet potatoes 45 62.2 0 0 0
Turnips 7 42.9 0 0 0
Other root & tuber vegetables 19 31.6 10.5 0 2
Vegetables, dried or paste 2 100 0 0 0
Vegetable oils 12 75.0 0 0 0
Other vegetables/vegetable products 48 62.5 0 0 0
Total 1316 64.4 1.4 2 17
F. Other Almonds 1 100 0 0 0
Beverages & water 1 100 0 0 0
Ginseng (including teas) 1 0.0 100 0 1
Honey & other sweeteners 18 94.4 0 0 0
Pecans 2 100 0 0 0
Spices, condiments, & flavors 7 85.7 14.3 0 1
Other nuts, edible seeds 3 100 0 0 0
Nonfood items (animal feed) 18 88.9 0 0 0
Foods Not Elsewhere Classified 4 100 0 0 0
Total 55 90.0 3.6 0 2
Total A-F   2638 61.5 1.4 5 32

1 Includes samples with residues over an established tolerance or action level, and samples with residues that have no established tolerance for the commodity.

Appendix B - Results of FY 2005 Import Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity Group Total
Samples Analyzed
Samples Without
Residues %
Samples
Violative1 %
Violations Over
Tolerance #
Violations No
Tolerance #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products 9 88.9 0 0 0
Corn & corn products 9 88.9 0 0 0
Oats & oat products 6 100 0 0 0
Rice & rice products 47 83.0 6.4 0 3
Wheat & wheat products 28 78.6 0 0 0
Other grains & grain products 24 91.7 0 0 0
Breakfast cereals 10 90.0 0 0 0
Bakery products, crackers, snack foods 34 94.1 2.9 0 1
Pasta and noodles 9 88.9 0 0 0
Total 176 87.5 2.3 0 4
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products 3 100 0 0 0
Eggs 4 100 0 0 0
Milk/cream & milk products 8 87.5 0 0 0
Total 15 93.3 0 0 0
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Products
Fish and Fish Products 147 89.8 0.7 0 1
Crustaceans/Shellfish (Wild) 10 70.0 0 0 0
Aquaculture Fish/Shellfish 27 85.2 0 0 0
Other Aquatic Animals & Products 4 100 0 0 0
Total 188 88.3 0.5 0 1
D. Fruits Blackberries 48 47.9 14.6 0 7
Blueberries 34 76.5 0 0 0
Cranberries 10 100 0 0 0
Grapes, raisins 46 50.0 0 0 0
Raspberries 62 66.1 1.6 0 1
Strawberries 93 34.4 5.4 0 5
Other berries 11 63.6 9.1 0 1
Clementines 5 0.0 0 0 0
Grapefruit 1 100 0 0 0
Lemons 5 60.0 0 0 0
Limes 7 85.7 0 0 0
Oranges 17 64.7 0 0 0
Other citrus fruit 1 0.0 0 0 0
Apples 32 18.8 6.2 0 2
Pears 34 73.5 2.9 0 1
Other pome fruit 25 80.0 12.0 0 3
Apricots 3 66.7 0 0 0
Avocadoes 39 94.9 0 0 0
Cherries 27 51.0 3.7 0 1
Dates 7 57.1 14.3 0 1
Nectarines 4 0.0 0 0 0
Olives 21 85.7 4.8 0 1
Peaches 16 68.8 0 0 0
Plums/Prunes 11 54.5 0 0 0
Other pit fruit 4 75.0 0 0 0
Ackees, lychees, longans 8 87.5 12.5 0 1
Bananas, plantains 29 37.9 0 0 0
Breadfruit 11 100 0 0 0
Figs 5 100 0 0 0
Guavas 5 100 0 0 0
Kiwi fruit 9 66.7 0 0 0
Passion fruit 2 100 0 0 0
Mangoes 31 83.9 0 0 0
Papaya 79 39.2 5.1 0 4
Pineapple 57 49.1 10.5 0 6
Pepinos 43 51.1 9.3 0 4
Other sub-tropical fruit 13 76.9 23.1 0 3
Bitter melon 9 55.6 22.2 0 2
Cantaloupe 4 0.0 0 0 0
Honeydew 10 40.0 0 0 0
Watermelon 2 100 0 0 0
Other melons 6 33.3 16.7 0 1
Other fruits 5 100 0 0 0
Apple juice 33 100 0 0 0
Citrus juice 26 100 0 0 0
Other fruit juices 113 83.2 5.3 0 6
Fruit: dried/jams/jellies/pastes/pulp/toppings 173 74.0 4.6  0  8
Total 1256 64.6 4.5 0 58
E. Vegetables Corn 23 91.3 0 0 0
Mung beans 5 80.0 0 0 0
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet) 118 51.7 16.9 0 20
String beans (green/snap/pole/long) 114 34.2 15.8 0 18
Other beans, corn, peas & their products (including dried/paste, w sauce) 158 79.7 1.9 2 1
Cucumbers 91 47.3 1.1 0 1
Eggplant 26 84.6 0 0 0
Okra 9 66.7 0 0 0
Peppers, hot 433 43.6 9.5 43 37
Peppers, sweet 235 45.1 3.0 1 6
Squash/pumpkins 222 49.5 2.3 0 5
Tomatoes 164 53.7 3.0 0 5
Tomatillo (husk tomato) 62 80.6 1.6 0 1
Other fruiting vegetables 72 77.8 5.6 12 3
Artichokes 13 69.2 7.7 14 0
Asparagus 110 94.5 0 0 0
Bamboo shoots 6 66.7 0 0 0
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage 55 23.6 20.0 0 11
Broccoli/Broccoli rabe 63 61.9 0 0 0
Cabbage 26 73.1 0 0 0
Cauliflower 17 88.2 0 0 0
Celery 32 40.6 0 0 0
Chicory leaf, Withloof 3 66.7 33.3 0 1
Collards 3 0 0 0 0
Endive 5 80.0 0 0 0
Kale 22 9.1 0 0 0
Lettuce, head 10 30.0 40.0 0 4
Swiss Chard 12 16.7 0 0 0
Lettuce, leaf 29 34.5 6.9 0 2
Mustard greens 13 23.1 0 0 0
Radicchio 4 100 0 0 0
Spinach 59 37.3 3.4 0 2
Brussel sprouts 27 55.6 0 0 0
Other leaf & stem vegetables 252 56.3 14.7 34 34
Mushrooms and Truffles 45 88.9 0 0 0
Carrots 52 78.8 0 0 0
Cassava 5 100 0 0 0
Garlic 13 92.3 0 0 0
Onions/shallots 42 85.7 0 0 0
Leeks 46 54.4 0 0 0
Scallions 198 41.4 1.0 0 2
Potatoes 36 44.4 2.8 0 1
Radishes 68 33.8 0 0 0
Red beets 23 47.8 8.7 0 2
Sweet potatoes/yams 13 92.3 0 0 0
Turnips 7 57.1 14.3 0 1
Water chestnuts 23 60.9 34.8 0 8
Lotus root 24 33.3 54.2 0 13
Taro/Dasheen 34 61.8 26.5 0 9
Other root & tuber vegetables 52 73.1 13.5 0 7
Vegetables with sauce 12 100 0 0 0
Vegetables, dried or paste 98 49.0 18.4 14 17
Other vegetables/vegetable products 43 72.1 11.6 0 5
Total 3331 54.5 6.9 13 216
F. Other Cashews 11 0 0 0 0
Pecans 4 0 0 0 0
Peanuts & peanut products 10 0 0 0 0
Soybeans 8 87.5 12.5 0 1
Other nuts & nut products 19 5.3 0 0 0
Edible seeds & seed products 25 88.0 0 0 0
Vegetable oils 20 80.0 0 0 0
Paprika 12 25.0 75.0 14 8
Condiments, flavors, and other spices 46 69.6 19.6 0 9
Beverages & water 4 100 0 0 0
Beverage bases 8 75.0 0 0 0
Coffee/tea 19 94.7 5.3 0 1
Candy (w & wo choc) 15 86.7 0 0 0
Honey 45 100 0 0 0
Other sweeteners 2 100 0 0 0
Baby/junior foods 16 68.8 12.5 0 2
Ginseng (herb/teas/dietary supplement) 18 16.7 66.7 34 9
Other supplements/botanicals/teas 23 56.5 17.4 0 4
Prepared/multiple foods 13 100 0 0 0
Animal feed 2 100 0 0 0
Total 320 80.6 11.9 4 34
Total A-F   5286 60.8 6.2 17 313

1 Includes samples with residues over an established tolerance or action level, and samples with residues that have no established tolerance for the commodity.

2 Residue exceeded an action level rather than a tolerance.

3 Grouping includes 3 samples with residues over an established tolerance, and a fourth sample with both a residue over an established tolerance and a residue with no tolerance.

4 Includes samples with both residues over an established tolerance or action level and residues that have no established tolerance for the commodity.

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