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Food

Pesticide Residue Monitoring Program Results and Discussion FY 2004

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Results and Discussion

Appendices

  1. Analysis of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group in 2004
  2. Analysis of Import Samples by Commodity Group in 2004

Figures

  1. - Summary of 2004 Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity
  2. - Summary of 2004 Results of Import Samples by Commodity
  3. - Summary of 2004 Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples

Tables

  1. Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed, by State, in 2004
  2. Foreign Countries and Number of Samples Collected and Analyzed in 2004 (Table 2A shows countries with Fewer Than Ten Samples)
  3. Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in 2004 Regulatory Monitoring
  4. Summary of FY 2004 Domestic and Import Feed Samples
  5. Residues Found in Domestic and Import Feeds in FY 2004
  6. Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004
  7. Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004

Important Note for the Narrative Report and Data Files for FDA’s Pesticide Monitoring Program for FY 2004

This report and accompanying data files were originally published on FDA’s website in the summer of 2008.  Sections of the narrative report dealing with pesticide residue coverage, including Table 3 and several downloadable data files, have been revised in February 2011 due primarily to corrections in FDA’s determination of pesticide residue coverage.  The sections in the 2004 narrative report that have been revised have been bracketed in asterisks (*).

(*)

The downloadable data files that have been revised include “US2004“, “IMFR2004”, “IMVE2004”, and “IMOT2004”.  The original “CHEM2004” file has been divided into “CHEMDOM2004” and “CHEMIMP2004”, reflecting separate files for foods of U.S. and foreign origin.  In the “CHEMIMP2004” files, entries from country “U.S” primarily reflect entries of “U.S. Goods Returned” that were sampled in import status.

(*)

Results and Discussion - FY 2004  

Regulatory Monitoring

Under regulatory monitoring, 7,905 samples were analyzed in FY 2004. Of these, 2,832 were of domestic foods and 5,073 were imported foods.

Figure 1 shows the percentage of the 2,832 domestic samples by commodity group with "No Residues Found," "Residues Found; No Violation," and "Violative" (a violative residue is defined in this report as a residue which exceeds an EPA tolerance or formal FDA Action Level, or a residue at a level of regulatory significance for which no tolerance has been established in the sampled food.)

Figure 1 - Results of Domestic Samples by Commodity Group for FY 2004

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 326; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 49; Fish/Shellfish, 123; Fruit, 868; Vegetables, 1383; Other Foods, 83.

pie charts illustrating percentages described in text. See Appendix A.

As in earlier years, fruits and vegetables accounted for the largest proportion of the domestic commodities analyzed in 2004; these two commodity groups comprised 79.5 % of the total number of domestic samples.  In 2004, 98.2% of all domestic foods analyzed by FDA were in compliance with EPA's established residue tolerances and FDA formal  action levels.  The compliance rate for domestic foods for fiscal years 1996 to 2003 ranged from 97.6% to 99.3%.

Appendix A contains more detailed data on domestic monitoring findings by commodity, including the total number of samples analyzed, the percent samples with no residues detected, and the percent violative samples including the nature of the violation (over-tolerance vs. no tolerance). Of the 2,832 domestic samples, 58.6% had no detectable residues and 1.8% had violative residues. In the largest commodity groups, fruits and vegetables, 42.9 % and 61.9 % of the samples, respectively, had no residues detected; 1.2% of the fruit samples and 1.5% of the vegetable samples contained violative residues (Figure 1). In the grains and grain products group, 67.8 % of the samples had no residues detected, and 1.2 % had violative residues. In the fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group, 89.4% had no detectable residues, and no violative residues were found. In the milk/dairy products/eggs group, 91.8% of the samples had no residues detected, and no violative residues were found. In the "Other" foods group that covers nuts, seeds, beverages, and honey among other foods, 66.3 % of the samples had no residues detected and 16 violations (19.3%) were detected; all 16 violations were detected in ginseng-based dietary supplements as part of a "focused sampling" effort.

Findings by commodity group for the 5,073 import samples are shown in Figure 2. Fruits and vegetables accounted for 87.4 % of these samples. Overall for all imported foods, 94.5% of the samples analyzed were in compliance with EPA tolerances and FDA formal action levels. This compares with a compliance rate for imported foods for fiscal years 1996 to 2003 of 94.0 % to 98.4 %.

Appendix B contains detailed data on the import samples. Of the 5,073 samples analyzed, 66.4 % had no residues detected, while 5.5 % had violative residues. Fruits and vegetables had 61.1% and 65.4 % of samples analyzed, respectively, with no residues detected, and 5.6% and 5.7% of the samples had violative residues. No residues were found in 77.8% of the milk/dairy products/eggs group and in 86.0% of the fish/shellfish group, and no violative residues were found in either of these groups. In the grains and grain products group, 83.8% had no detectable residues, and 0.8 % of the samples had violative residues. In the "Other" foods group 66.4 % of the samples had no residues and 25 (7.7 %) had violative residues; the majority of the violations were found on spices and ginseng supplement products.  

Figure 2 - Results of Import Samples by Commodity Group for FY 2004

Group Sample Totals: Grains & Grain Products, 130; Milk/Dairy/Eggs, 18; Fish/Shellfish, 167; Fruit, 1613; Vegetables, 2819; Other Foods, 326.

pie charts illustrating percentages described in text. See Appendix B.

Pesticide monitoring data collected under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in 2004 are available to the public as a computer database. This database summarizes FDA 2004 regulatory monitoring coverage and findings by country/commodity/pesticide combination. The database also includes the monitoring data by individual sample from which the summary information was compiled. Information on how to obtain this database as well as those for 1992-2003 is provided in the "Acknowledgments" section. 

Geographic Coverage 

Domestic. A total of 2,832 domestic samples were collected in 2004 from 39 states. The largest numbers of samples were collected from those states that are the largest producers of fruits and vegetables. Table 1 lists numbers of domestic samples from each location, in descending order.

Note - for Table 1, domestic samples with no state recorded in the "Sample 2004" file were attributed through other documentation.

Table 1. Domestic Samples Collected and Analyzed, by State
Origin, in FY 2004
California 350 Wisconsin 85 Ohio 33 Massachusetts 18
Washington 268 Indiana 84 Michigan 32 Maryland 16
Florida 261 Virginia 70 Montana 29 Rhode Island 16
Louisiana 209 Arizona 60 Nebraska 26 Georgia 13
Minnesota 167 Texas 59 Wyoming 25 South Carolina 10
New York 152 Iowa 55 North Carolina 24 Kentucky 8
Oregon 138 Utah 46 North Dakota 22 Delaware 4
Missouri 134 Kansas 39 Alaska 21 Oklahoma 4
Idaho 119 Colorado 36 New Jersey 20 Maine 1
Illinois 116 Pennsylvania 34 New Mexico 19    

Puerto Rico: 9 samples; no samples from 11 states that included Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Hawaii, Mississippi,  New Hampshire, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, and West Virginia. 

Imports. A total of 5,073 samples representing food shipments from 102 countries were collected in fiscal year 2004. Table 2 lists numbers of samples collected from each country. Mexico, as in the past, was the source of the largest number of samples, reflecting the volume and diversity of commodities imported from that country, especially during the winter months.  Table 2A lists the countries of origin that had ten or fewer samples collected in fiscal year 2004.

Table 2. Foreign Countries and Number of Samples Collected and
Analyzed in FY 2004
Mexico 1567 Argentina 33
China, Peoples Rep. 515 Brazil 32
Canada 375 France 28
Chile 312 Taiwan, Rep 28
Netherlands 278 Egypt 27
Dominican Republic 226 Jamaica 27
India 127 Philippines 25
Thailand 113 Honduras 24
Guatemala 110 Bulgaria 22
Peru 92 Iran 22
Poland 78 Japan 18
Israel 75 South Africa 18
Spain 74 Pakistan 15
Costa Rica 73 Trinidad & Tobago 14
New Zealand 72 Australia 13
Ecuador 65 Bosnia-Hercegovina 13
Colombia 48 Greece 13
Belgium 47 Indonesia 13
Turkey 45 Haiti 12
Vietnam 37 Saudi Arabia 12
Italy 36 Russia 11
Korea, Republic of (South) 36 (Countries w 10 or fewer) (176 samples)
Lebanon 36 (Unspecified ) * (40 samples)

*Samples with unspecified country of origin consisted primarily of U.S. Goods Returned (U.S. products originally exported and subsequently returned).  An additional 15 samples reported as unspecified in Table "Sample 2004" were  attributed to individual countries through other documentation and are reflected in the tables here.

Table 2A - Ten or Fewer Samples Collected and Analyzed from the
Following Countries in FY 2004:
  • Algeria
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Bangladesh
  • Belize
  • Bolivia
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • El Salvado
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Fiji
  • French Polnesia
  • Georgia
  • Germany, Fed Republic
  • Ghana
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Jordan
  • Kampuchea
  • Kenya
  • Liberia
  • Macedonia
  • Malaysia
  • Malta & Gozo
  • Morocco
  • Namibia
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Somalia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tonga
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • Uruguay
  • Vanuatu (New Hebrides)
  • Venezuela
  • Western Sahara
  • Yugoslavia
  • Zimbabwe

Domestic/Import Violation Rate Comparison for FY 2004

In FY 2004, 2,832 domestic and 5,073 import samples were collected and analyzed. Pesticide residues were detected in 41.4 % of the domestic samples and in 33.6 % of the import samples. The violation rate for domestic samples was 1.8% and 5.5 % for import samples. Among grains and grain products, the violation rate was 1.2 % for domestic samples and 0.8 % for imports. No violations were found in the milk/dairy products/eggs group or the fish/shellfish/other aquatic products group among either domestic or import samples. Of domestic fruit samples, 1.2% were violative; of imported fruit samples, 5.6% were violative. Of vegetables, 1.5% of domestic samples and 5.7% of import samples were violative. In the category "Other" (mostly nuts, edible seeds, honey, spices, and dietary supplements), the violation rates for domestic and import samples were 19.3 % and 7.7 %, respectively.

Of the domestic violative samples, eight of the 51 violations overall (15.7%) were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance or FDA formal action level.  The balance, 43 (84.3%), were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance.  Of the import violative samples, 14 of 277 violations overall (5.1%), were for residues found to be over an established EPA tolerance or FDA formal action level.  The balance of import violations, 263 (94.9%), were for residues found in foods with no established EPA tolerance. 

Pesticide Coverage

(*)

Table 3 lists the 488 pesticides that were detectable by the methods used in FY 2004. Each of the 157 pesticides that were actually found is indicated by an asterisk (*). Chemicals indicated by a (+) were not looked for by methods used in previous years, nor previously detected. 

Table 3. Pesticides Detectable and Found (*) by Methods Used in FY 2004 Regulatory
Monitoringa,b,c

(E)-AZOXYSTROBIN *

(Z)-AZOXYSTROBIN *

1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HEPTACHLORODIBENZO
FURAN +

1,2,3,5-TETRACHLOROBENZENE

1,2,4,5-TETRACHLOROBENZENE

1,2,4-TRIAZOLE +

1-NAPHTHOL *

2,3,5,6-TETRACHLOROANILINE *

2,3,5-TRIIODOBENZOIC ACID +

2,3,6-TBA +

2,4,5-T +

2,4-D *

2,4-DB +

2,4-DICHLORO-6-NITROBENZENEAMINE

2,6-DICHLOROBENZAMIDE *

3-METHYL-4-NITROPHENOL +

4-(DICHLOROACETYL)-1-OXA-4-AZAPIRO 4.5 D

4-(PHENYLAMINO)PHENOL

4-CPA +

4-CYCLOHEXENE-1,2-DICARBOXIMIDE, CIS-  *

5-CHLORO-3-METHYL-4-NITRO-1H-PYRAZOLE

6-BENZYLADENINE

ACEPHATE *

ACETOCHLOR

ACIBENZOLAR-S-METHYL

ACIFLUORFEN

ACRINATHRIN

ALACHLOR

ALDICARB (TOTAL) *

ALDRIN

ALLETHRIN *

ALPHA CYPERMETHRIN

AMETRYN

AMINOCARB

ANILAZINE

ARAMITE

ATRAZINE *

AZINPHOS-ETHYL

AZINPHOS-METHYL (TOTAL) *

AZOXYSTROBIN *

BENDIOCARB *

BENFLURALIN (BENEFIN)

BENODANIL

BENOXACOR

BENSULIDE

BENTAZON +

BENZOYLPROP ETHYL

BF 490-1 +

BF 490-2 +

BF 490-9 +

BHC (TOTAL) *

BIFENOX

BIFENTHRIN *

BINAPACRYL

BIPHENYL *

BITERTANOL *

BOSCALID * +

BROMACIL

BROMOFENOXIN +

BROMOPHOS

BROMOPHOS-ETHYL

BROMOPROPYLATE *

BROMOXYNIL

BROMUCONAZOLE

BTS 27919 +

BUFENCARB *

BULAN

BUPIRIMATE

BUPROFEZIN *

BUTACHLOR

BUTRALIN

BUTYLATE

CADUSAFOS

CAPTAFOL

CAPTAN *

CARBARYL *

CARBETAMIDE +

CARBOFURAN (TOTAL) *

CARBOPHENOTHION (TOTAL)

CARBOPHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG SULFONE +

CARBOPHENOTHION SULFOXIDE +

CARBOSULFAN

CARBOTHENOTHION OXYGEN ANALOG +

CARBOXIN

CARFENTRAZONE ETHYL ESTER

CGA 14128

CGA 150829

CGA 171683

CGA-232449 +

CHLORAMBEN

CHLORBENSIDE

CHLORBROMURON

CHLORBUFAM

CHLORDANE (TOTAL) *

CHLORDECONE

CHLORDIMEFORM

CHLORETHOXYFOS

CHLORFENAPYR

CHLORFENVINPHOS (TOTAL) *

CHLORFLURECOL METHYL ESTER

CHLORIMURON-ETHYL

CHLORMEPHOS +

CHLORNITROFEN

CHLOROBENZILATE

CHLORONEB

CHLOROPROPYLATE

CHLOROTHALONIL *

CHLOROXURON

CHLORPROPHAM *

CHLORPYRIFOS *

CHLORPYRIFOS METHYL *

CHLORPYRIFOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

CHLORPYRIFOS-D10 (DEUTERATED) * +

CHLORTHIOPHOS

CHLORTHIOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFONE +

CHLORTHIOPHOS SULFOXIDE +

CLODINAFOP-PROPARGYL

CLOMAZONE

CLOPROP +

CLOPYRALID

CLOQUINTOCET-MEXYL

COUMAPHOS *

COUMAPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

CP 51214 +

CROTOXYPHOS

CRUFOMATE

CYANAZINE

CYANOFENPHOS

CYANOPHOS

CYCLOATE *

CYCLURON

CYFLUTHRIN *

CYHALOFOP BUTYL ESTER

CYMOXANIL

CYPERMETHRIN *

CYPRAZINE

CYPROCONAZOLE

CYPRODINIL *

DCPA *

DCVA, TRANS- (PEMETHRIN METABOLITE) *

DDT (TOTAL) *

DEF *

DELTAMETHRIN *

DELTAMETHRIN, TRANS-

DEMETON-O +

DEMETON-S +

DEMETON-S SULFONE * +

DEMETON-S SULFOXIDE +

DES N-ISOPROPYL ISOFENPHOS

DESDIETHYL SIMAZINE +

DESETHYLTERBUTHYLAZINE +

DES-ISOPROPYL IPRODIONE

DESMETHYL DIPHENAMID +

DESMETRYN

DIALIFOR

DIALLATE

DIAZINON *

DIAZINON OXYGEN ANALOG

DICAMBA

DICHLOBENIL *

DICHLOFENTHION

DICHLOFLUANID *

DICHLONE

DICHLOROBENZOPHENONE, P,P'-

DICHLORPROP +

DICHLORVOS *

DICLOBUTRAZOL

DICLOFOP +

DICLOFOP-METHYL

DICLORAN *

DICOFOL (TOTAL) *

DICROTOPHOS

DIELDRIN (TOTAL) *

DIETHATYL-ETHYL

DIETHOFENCARB *

DIFENOCONAZOLE *

DIFLUBENZURON +

DILAN

DIMETHACHLOR

DIMETHAMETRYN

DIMETHIPIN

DIMETHOATE *

DINITRAMINE

DINOBUTON

DINOCAP

DIOXACARB *

DIOXATHION

DIPHENAMID

DIPHENYLAMINE *

DISULFOTON

DISULFOTON SULFONE +

DISULFOTON SULFOXIDE * +

DPX-MP062

EDIFENPHOS

ENDOSULFAN (TOTAL) *

ENDRIN (TOTAL) *

EPN *

EPOXICONAZOLE *

EPTC

ESFENVALERATE *

ETACONAZOLE

ETHALFLURALIN

ETHEPHON

ETHIOFENCARB

ETHIOLATE

ETHION *

ETHION OXYGEN ANALOG *

ETHOFUMESATE

ETHOPROP

ETHOXYQUIN *

ETOFENPROX +

ETOXAZOLE +

ETRIDIAZOLE *

ETRIMFOS

ETRIMFOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

FAMPHUR (TOTAL)

FENAC +

FENAMIDONE

FENAMIPHOS (TOTAL) *

FENARIMOL *

FENAZAQUIN * +

FENBUCONAZOLE *

FENFURAM

FENHEXAMID *

FENITROTHION *

FENITROTHION OXYGEN ANALOG +

FENOXAPROP-ETHYL

FENOXYCARB

FENPROPATHRIN *

FENPROPIMORPH

FENSON *

FENSULFOTHION (TOTAL)

FENTHION (TOTAL)

FENVALERATE *

FIPRONIL

FLAMPROP-METHYL

FLAMPROP-M-ISOPROPYL

FLUAZIFOP BUTYL ESTER

FLUAZINAM

FLUCHLORALIN

FLUCYTHRINATE (PAYOFF)

FLUDIOXONIL *

FLURIDONE *

FLUROXYPYR +

FLUSILAZOLE *

FLUTOLANIL *

FLUVALINATE

FOE 5043 (FLUFENACET)

FOLPET *

FONOFOS

FONOFOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

FORMOTHION

FOSTHIAZATE (TOTAL)

FUBERIDAZOLE *

FURILAZOLE

GARDONA (TETRACHLORVINPHOS)

HALOXYFOP

HEPTACHLOR (TOTAL) *

HEPTENOPHOS

HEXACHLOROBENZENE *

HEXACONAZOLE

HEXAZINONE

HEXYTHIAZOX

IBP +

IMAZALIL *

IMAZAMETHABENZ METHYL ESTER (AC 222,2

IMIDACLOPRID

IN-B2838 +

IOXYNIL +

IPRODIONE *

IPRODIONE METABOLITE ISOMER

ISAZOFOS

ISOCARBAMID

ISOFENPHOS

ISOFENPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

ISOPROCARB

ISOPROPALIN

ISOPROTHIOLANE

ISOXABEN

ISOXAFLUTOLE

JODFENPHOS * +

KRESOXIM-METHYL

LACTOFEN (TOTAL*)

LAMBDA-CYHALOTHRIN *

LENACIL

LEPTOPHOS

LEPTOPHOS OXYGEN ANALOG +

LEPTOPHOS PHOTOPRODUCT +

LINDANE *

LINURON *

MALATHION *

MALATHION OXYGEN ANALOG *

MB 46513 +

MB 45950 +

MB 46136 +

MCPA

MCPB +

MECARBAM

MECOPROP +

MEPHOSFOLAN

MERPHOS

METAFLUMIZONE +

METALAXYL (TOTAL) *

METALDEHYDE *

METASYSTOX THIOL

METAZACHLOR

METHABENZTHIAZURON

METHAMIDOPHOS *

METHIDATHION *

METHIOCARB *

METHOMYL *

METHOPROTRYNE

METHOXYCHLOR (TOTAL) *

METOBROMURON

METOLACHLOR

METOLCARB

METRIBUZIN (TOTAL)

MEVINPHOS (TOTAL) *

MGK 264 *

MIREX (TOTAL) *

MOLINATE

MONOCROTOPHOS *

MONOLINURON

MYCLOBUTANIL *

N, N-DIALLYL DICHLOROACETAMIDE

NALED

NAPROPAMIDE

N-DESMETHYL FLUCARBAZONE

NICOTINE * +

NITRALIN

NITRAPYRIN

NITROFEN

NITROFLUORFEN

NITROTHAL-ISOPROPYL

NOREA

NORFLURAZON (TOTAL)

NUARIMOL

OCTHILINONE

OFURACE

OMETHOATE *

OVEX

OXADIAZON *

OXADIXYL *

OXAMYL *

OXAMYL OXIME METABOLITE +

OXYDEMETON-METHYL (TOTAL)

OXYFLUORFEN

OXYTHIOQUINOX

PACLOBUTRAZOL

PARATHION

PARATHION OXYGEN ANALOG +

PARATHION-METHYL *

PARATHION-METHYL OXYGEN ANALOG +

PEBULATE

PENCONAZOLE *

PENDIMETHALIN *

PENTACHLOROBENZENE *

PENTACHLOROBENZONITRILE *

PENTACHLOROPHENOL +

PENTACHLOROPHENYL METHYL ETHER *

PERMETHRIN (TOTAL) *

PERTHANE

PHENMEDIPHAM

PHENOTHRIN

PHENTHOATE

PHENYLPHENOL, O- *

PHORATE *

PHORATE METABOLITES (TOTAL) * +

PHOSALONE *

PHOSALONE OXYGEN ANALOG +

PHOSMET *

PHOSMET OXYGEN ANALOG +

PHOSPHAMIDON

PHOXIM OXYGEN ANALOG

PIPERONYL BUTOXIDE *

PIPEROPHOS

PIRIMICARB *

PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL *

PIRIMIPHOS-ETHYL OXYGEN ANALOG +

PIRIMIPHOS-METHYL *

PPG-947 * +

PRETILACHLOR

PROBENAZOLE

PROCHLORAZ *

PROCYAZINE

PROCYMIDONE *

PROFENOFOS *

PROFLURALIN

PROLAN

PROMECARB

PROMETON +

PROMETRYN

PRONAMIDE *

PROPACHLOR

PROPANIL

PROPARGITE *

PROPAZINE

PROPETAMPHOS

PROPHAM

PROPICONAZOLE (TOTAL) *

PROPOXUR

PROTHIOFOS *

PROTHOATE

PYRACARBOLID

PYRACLOSTROBIN *

PYRAZON

PYRAZOPHOS (AFUGAN)

PYRETHRINS

PYRIDABEN *

PYRIDAPHENTHION

PYRIMETHANIL *

PYRIMIDINOL (DIAZINON HYDROLYSIS PRODUCT) +

PYRIPROXYFEN *

QUINALPHOS *

QUINCLORAC +

QUINOXYFEN *

QUINTOZENE (TOTAL) *

RONNEL

RONNEL OXYGEN ANALOG +

RPA 405862 +

RPA 408056 +

RPA 717879 +

SALITHION

S-BIOALLETHRIN

SCHRADAN

SILVEX +

SIMAZINE *

SIMETRYNE

SPIRODICLOFEN +

STROBANE

SULFALLATE

SULFOTEPP

SULPHENONE

SULPROFOS (TOTAL)

TCMTB

TEBUCONAZOLE *

TEBUPRIMIFOS

TEBUTHIURON

TECNAZENE (TOTAL) *

TEFLUTHRIN

TEPP

TERBACIL

TERBUFOS (TOTAL)

TERBUMETON

TERBUTHYLAZINE

TERBUTRYN

TETRACONAZOLE * +

TETRADIFON *

TETRAIODOETHYLENE

TETRAMETHRIN *

TETRASUL

THIABENDAZOLE *

THIAMETHOXAM

THIAZOPYR

THIOBENCARB

THIOMETON

THIONAZIN

TOLCLOFOS METHYL +

TOLYLFLUANID *

TOXAPHENE *

TRALKOXYDIM

TRALOMETHRIN

TRANID +

TRIADIMEFON (TOTAL) *

TRIADIMENOL *

TRI-ALLATE

TRIAZAMATE

TRIAZOPHOS *

TRICHLORFON

TRICLOPYR

TRICYCLAZOLE

TRIDIPHANE

TRIETAZINE

TRIFLOXYSTROBIN * +

TRIFLUMIZOLE *

TRIFLURALIN *

TRIFLUSULFURON METHYL ESTER

TRIMETHACARB (LANDRIN)

TRIMETHACARB (TOTAL)

TRIPHENYL PHOSPHATE *

TRIS(BETA-CHLOROETHYL) PHOSPHATE *

VAMIDOTHION SULFONE

VERNOLATE

VINCLOZOLIN (TOTAL) *

VINCLOZOLIN METABOLITE E +

XMC

ZOXAMIDE

 

 

aThe list of pesticides detectable is expressed in terms of the parent pesticide. However, monitoring coverage and findings may have included metabolites, impurities, and alteration products.

bSome of these pesticides are no longer manufactured or registered for use in the United States.

cChemicals indicated by a (+) were not found nor documented as recovered in previous years.

(*)

Animal Feeds

In FY 2004, 578 feed samples (476 domestic surveillance and 102 import) were collected and analyzed for pesticides by the FDA (Table 4). Of the 476 domestic surveillance samples, 354 (74.4%) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 108 (22.7%) contained non-violative residues, and 14 (2.9%) contained residues which exceeded regulatory guidance. Of the 102 import samples, 80 (78.4%) contained no detectable pesticide residues, 20 (19.6%) contained non-violative residues, and 2 (2.0%) contained a residue which exceeded regulatory guidance.

Eight domestic surveillance samples of corn exceeded regulatory guidance.  Three corn samples from Ohio and one from Mississippi contained o-phenylphenol at levels ranging from .021 ppm to .105 ppm.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for o-phenylphenol on corn in 40 CFR 180.129 (title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, part 180, section 129).  Two corn samples from Kansas and one from Missouri contained methoxychlor at levels ranging from .035 ppm to .071 ppm.  All the tolerances for methoxychlor in 40 CFR 180.120 were revoked by the EPA effective October 15, 2002.  One corn sample from New York contained 0.224 ppm of chlorpyrifos-methyl.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for chlorpyrifos-methyl on corn in 40 CFR 180.419.

Six other domestic surveillance samples of animal feed exceeded regulatory guidance.  A sample of pistachio hulls from California contained 9.42 ppm of permethrin.  This level exceeded the 0.1 ppm tolerance the EPA established in 40 CFR 180.378 for permethrin on pistachios.  A soybean meal sample from Missouri contained gardona (tetrachlorvinphos) at 0.317 ppm.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for gardona on soybeans in 40 CFR 180.252.  A distiller's grain sample from Minnesota contained .043 ppm of biphenyl.  All the tolerances for biphenyl in 40 CFR 180.141 were revoked by the EPA effective October 19, 1999.  A sample of poultry litter from California contained .300 ppm of o-phenylphenol.  Although o-phenylphenol has tolerances that range from 5 to 125 ppm on 22 different fruits and vegetables in 40 CFR 180.129, none of these 22 commodities would be expected in poultry litter.  A sample of beet pulp pellets from Montana contained .101 ppm of CIPC (chlorpropham) and a sample of dry rendered tankage from Illinois contained .062 ppm of chlorpropham.  The only tolerance established by the EPA for chlorpropham in 40 CFR 180.181 is on potatoes.  The EPA established an interim tolerance for chlorpropham of 0.05 ppm in meat byproducts of cattle, hogs, horses, and sheep in 40 CFR 180.319.

Two import samples of animal feed exceeded regulatory guidance.  Pelleted canola fines from Canada contained 4.40 ppm of malathion.  The EPA has not established a tolerance for malathion on canola or rapeseed in 40 CFR 180.111.  A sample of pet bird food (chili peppers) that was manufactured in India and shipped from Canada contained 0.867 ppm of ethion.  The only tolerances established for ethion in 40 CFR 180.173 are on animal by-products and citrus fruit.

In the 122 domestic surveillance and 22 import samples of animal feed in which one or more pesticides were detected, there were 201 residues (165 quantifiable and 36 trace).  Malathion, chlorpyrifos-methyl, chlorpropham, DDE + TDE + DDT, and ethoxyquin were the most frequently found and accounted for 65.2% of all residues detected (Table 5). 

Table 4 - Summary of the 578 Domestic Surveillance and Import Samples of  Animal Feed that were Collected and Analyzed for Pesticides by the FDA in FY 2004.
Type of Feed # of Samples Samples with No
Pesticide Residues

Samples Exceeding
Regulatory Guidance

# % # %
Whole/Ground Grains 237 191 80.6 8 3.4
Plant By-products 167 127 76.0 5 3.0
Mixed Feed Rations 97 65 67.0 1 1.0
Animal By-products 34 25 73.5 1 2.9
Hay & Hay Products 22 15 68.2 0 0.0
Supplements/Misc. 21 11 52.4 1 4.8
TOTALS 578 434 (75.1) 16 (2.8) 

Table 5 - Summary of the Pesticides Detected in the 122 Domestic Surveillance and 22 Import Samples of Animal Feed Collected and Analyzed by FDA in FY 2004 that Contained One or More Detectable Residues.
Pesticide Number of Samples with
Trace1
Amounts

Quantifiable
Levels

Range2
(ppm)
Median2
(ppm)
Malathion 5 55 0.007 - 4.40 0.082
Chlorpyrifos-methyl 6 22 0.019 - 1.32 0.056
Chlorpropham 0 16 0.015 - 0.541 0.098
DDE+TDE+DDT 3 12 0.002 - 0.030 0.008
Ethoxyquin3 0 12 0.058 - 11.0 0.583
Permethrin 4 4 0.200 - 9.42 0.540
Methoxychlor (p,p’+o,p’) 5 3 0.035 - 0.071 0.063
Diazinon 1 6 0.016 - 0.162 0.062
Chlorpyrifos 2 5 0.015 - 0.090 0.036
Pirimiphos-methyl 3 3 0.087 - 0.330 0.183
Phenylphenol-o 0 5 0.021 - 0.300 0.049
DEF 2 3 0.056 - 0.131 0.115
Phosmet 0 3 0.400 - 1.00 0.400
Ethion 1 2 0.049 - 0.867  
Endosulfan (sulfate + I) 2 1 0.010  
All others4 2 13 0.010 - 1.70 0.043

1 The residue found is below the level that is normally quantifiable, but its presence and identity are known.

2 Found in samples containing quantifiable levels.

3 3 Ethoxyquin is approved as a pesticide (plant regulator) at levels up to 3 ppm in 40 CFR 180.178. Ethoxyquin is also a feed additive anti-oxidant) that is approved at levels up to 150 ppm in a finished article (21 CFR 573.380).

4 N=2 for azoxystrobin (.020 and 0.200 ppm) and gardona (.024 and .317 ppm); n=1 for atrazine (.013 ppm), azinphos-methyl (1.70 ppm), biphenyl (.043 ppm), cyfluthrin (.053 ppm), cyprodinil (trace), DCPA (trace), dieldrin (.018 ppm), iprodione (.560 ppm), metolachlor (.013 ppm), parathion-methyl (.045 ppm), and trifluralin (.010 ppm).

Focused Sampling

As previously described, FDA conducts "focused sampling" by means of short-term, regulatory based, field assignments.

In FY 2004 two field assignments for pesticide residues were issued. The first was "Sample Collection and Analysis of Dietary Supplement Ginseng for Pesticides," which was issued as regulatory follow-up for domestic marketed ginseng supplements suspected of pesticide residue violations. This assignment was related to an assignment issued in FY 2003, "Pesticides in Imported Bulk Ginseng and Domestic Ginseng Dietary Supplements." The FY 2003 assignment was noted in "FDA's Pesticide Program Residue Monitoring Report 2003."

The results of the combined FY 2003 and 2004 ginseng assignments are as follows:

Imports:

  • Sixty-two import samples, largely bulk ginseng, collected and analyzed.
  • Violative residues reported in 37 samples (60%) from these countries of origin: People's Republic of China (17); Canada (11); Hong Kong (6); and Republic of Korea (3).
  • Twenty-three different violative residues reported
  • Pentachloroaniline, quintozene, and pentachlorobenzene were the most common violative residues found.

Domestic:

  • Seventy-nine domestic ginseng samples, largely dietary supplements, collected and analyzed
  • Violative residues reported in 45 samples (57%)
  • Twenty-three different violative residues reported
  • Pentachloroaniline, quintozene, and pentachlorobenzene were the most common violative residues found.

The second field assignment was "Sample Collection and Analysis of Imported Dietary Supplements and Botanical Products for Pesticides and Toxic Elements" which included non-ginseng products Citrus aurantium, milk thistle, echinacea, and saw palmetto.

As a result of the second assignment, 21 samples were collected and analyzed, consisting of milk thistle (10 samples), Cirtus aurantium (6), echinacea (3), and saw palmetto (2). No violative residues were found in any of the samples. Some of these sample analyses carried over into FY 2005, but the results have been consolidated here.

Detailed results for samples for both assignments can be found in the Access database tables provided on FDA's internet website (see "Acknowledgments" section) .  The tables accompany this FY 2004 narrative report on the web.   The database tables for FY 2003 (ginseng) and 2005 (imported dietary supplements) are also available on that site.  

FDA Total Diet Study 

Of the over 300 chemicals that can be determined for the analytical methods used, residues of 97 individual compounds were found in the foods analyzed in the four market baskets reported for FY 2004 (Market Baskets 03-4, 04-1, 04-2, and 04-3). The 97 individual compounds detected consisted of 71 parent pesticides of which 31 had one or more related compounds (e.g., isomers, metabolites) detected as well.

Table 6 lists the 25 most frequently found residues (i.e., those found in 2% or more of the samples) in the TDS foods other than infant and toddler foods, the total number of findings, and the percent occurrence in the four market baskets analyzed in 2004 (916 total samples). The five most frequently observed chemicals were: DDT, malathion, chlorpyrifos-methyl, endosulfan, and dieldrin, and are the same as those observed for the past several years. The levels of these and other residues listed in Table 6 were typically below regulatory limits.

The TDS program also collects and analyzes infant and toddler foods. Table 7 provides the frequency of occurrence in FY 2004 of the 23 pesticide residues (found in 2% or more of these samples in the four collections of these foods which totaled 228 samples), and the ranges of levels found. 

Table 6 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Foods Other than Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004
Pesticide1 Total No. of Findings Occurrence, %2 Range, ppm
DDT 227 25 0.0001 - 0.088
Malathion 179 20 0.0003 - 0.289
Chlorpyrifos methyl 157 17 0.0001 - 0.039
Endosulfan 142 16 0.0001 - 0.072
Dieldrin 118 13 0.0001 - 0.020
Chlorpyrifos 74 8 0.0001 - 0.023
Chlorpropham 57 6 0.0004 - 2.770
Thiabendazole3 52 6 0.001 - 0.576
Carbaryl4 43 5 0.001 - 0.096
Permethrin 38 4 0.0003 - 2.340
Methamidophos 36 4 0.0008 - 0.648
Quintozene 30 3 0.0001 - 0.026
Dimethoate 30 3 0.0004 - 0.014
Phenylphenol, o- 26 3 0.005 - 0.629
Lindane 25 3 0.0001 - 0.002
Acephate 24 3 0.001 - 0.429
Pirimiphos methyl 24 3 0.0004 - 0.052
Ethion 22 2 0.0002 - 0.0074
Dichloran 22 2 0.0002 - 0.231
Toxaphene 19 2 0.001 - 0.049
Dicamba5 19 2 0.0002 - 0.006
Heptachlor 18 2 0.0001 - 0.0009
2,4-D5 18 2 0.0002 - 0.016
Cypermethrin 17 2 0.0007 - 1.110
Hexachlorobenzene 17 2 0.0001 - 0.002

1 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide.

2 Based on 916 total samples analyzed from 4 market baskets.  The "% incidence" represents the incidence of detected residues of that pesticide in the TDS foods overall. See 3-5 and the "Notes" below.

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 63-67 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 264 total samples) were analyzed for Benzimidazole fungicides.

4 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 81-82 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 327 total samples) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamates.

5 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 16 selected foods per market basket (i.e. 64 total samples) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

Notes 3,4,5: In the TDS, only selected foods are analyzed for the residue(s) noted. Those selected represent foods that have registered uses for the chemicals, or otherwise have a meaningful possibility of containing the chemicals, based on FDA monitoring data, knowledge of pesticide usage, or knowledge of residue chemistry.

Table 7 - Frequency of Occurrence of Pesticide Residues in Total Diet Study Infant and Toddler Foods in FY 2004
Pesticide1 Total No. of Findings Occurrence, %2 Range, ppm
Carbaryl3 38 17 0.001 - 0.051
Thiabendazole4 30 13 0.001 - 0.326
DDT 26 11 0.001 - 0.009
Endosulfan 18 8 0.0002 - 0.0046
Permethrin 17 7 0.0005 - 0.036
Malathion 17 7 0.0005 - 0.057
Dieldrin 16 7 0.0001 - 0.033
Chlorpropham 14 6 0.0008 - 0.019
Chlorpyrifos methyl 12 5 0.0006 - 0.025
Benomyl4 12 5 0.010 - 0.031
Chlorpyrifos 11 5 0.0002 - 0.001
Ethylenethiourea5 10 4 0.002 - 0.011
Phenylphenol, o- 9 4 0.003 - 0.103
Dimethoate 8 4 0.0005 - 0.012
Phosmet 8 4 0.004 - 0.056
Quinclorac6 7 3 0.0004 - 0.001
Diphenylamine 7 3 0.003 - 0.032
Primiphos methyl 6 3 0.001 - 0.011
Omethoate 5 2 0.002 - 0.026
Iprodione 5 2 0.001 - 0.014
Biphenyl 4 2 0.002 - 0.002
Methamidophos 4 2 0.002 - 0.019
Azinphos-methyl 4 2 0.001 - 0.007

1 Isomers, metabolites, and related compounds are included with the 'parent' pesticide.

2 Based on 228 total TDS "infant and toddler food" samples analyzed overall from 4 market baskets.

3 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 33-38 selected "infant and toddler foods" per market basket (i.e. 147 total samples) were analyzed for N-methylcarbamates.

4 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 32-38 selected "baby foods" per market basket (i.e. 146 total samples) were analyzed for Benzimidazoles.

5 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 28-31 selected "baby foods" per market basket (i.e. 121 total samples) were analyzed for Ethylenethiourea.

6 Reflects overall incidence; however, only 7 selected "baby foods" per market basket (i.e. 28 total samples) were analyzed for Chlorophenoxy acids.

Notes 3-6:  In the TDS, not all "infant and toddler foods," but only selected ones are analyzed for the residue(s) noted. Those selected represent foods that have registered uses for the chemicals, or otherwise have a meaningful possibility of containing the chemicals, based on FDA monitoring data, knowledge of pesticide usage, and/or knowledge of residue chemistry. 

Summary 

 Regulatory Monitoring FY 2004 

A total of 7,905 samples of domestically produced food and imported food from 102 countries were analyzed for pesticide residues in FY 2004. No residues were found in 58.6 % of domestic and 66.4 % of import samples (Figure 3) analyzed under FDA's regulatory monitoring approach in 2004. Violative residue levels were found in 1.8 % of domestic and 5.5% of import samples. The findings for 2004 demonstrate that pesticide residue levels in foods are generally well below EPA tolerances, corroborating results presented in earlier reports .

FDA also collected and analyzed 476 domestic and 102 import animal feed samples for pesticides. No residues were found in 74.4 % of the domestic feed samples and 78.4 % of the import feed samples. 

Figure 3 - Summary of Results of Domestic vs. Import Samples

pie charts illustrating comparison of 2832 Domestics samples with 5073 Import samples above.

Total Diet Study 

In FY 2004, the types of pesticide residues found and their frequency of occurrence in the TDS were generally consistent with those in previous FDA reports. The pesticide residue levels found were well below regulatory standards. Results of baby foods tested in FY 2004 (and earlier years) also provide evidence of only small amounts of pesticide residues in these foods. 

Appendix A

Results of FY  2004 Domestic Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity Group Total
Samples Analyzed
Samples With No
Residues %
Samples
Violative1 %
Violations Over
Tolerance #
Violations No
Tolerance #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products 19 78.9 5.3 12 0
Corn & corn products 40 82.5 0.0 0 0
Oats & oat products 6 66.7 0 0 0
Rice & rice products 32 81.2 9.4 0 3
Soybeans & soybean products 21 90.5 0.0 0 0
Wheat & wheat products 179 54.2 0.0 0 0
Other grains & grain products 11 81.8 0.0 0 0
Breakfast cereals 10 100 0.0 0 0
Bakery products, crackers, etc. 8 0.0 0.0 0 0
Total 326 67.8 1.2 1 3
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products 27 85.2 0.0 0 0
Eggs 12 0.0 0.0 0 0
Milk/cream & milk products 10 0.0 0.0 0 0
Total 49 91.8 0.0 0 0
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Products
Fish and Fish Products 85 89.4 0.0 0 0
Shellfish & Crustaceans 26 92.3 0.0 0 0
Aquaculture Seafood 12 83.3 0.0 0 0
Total 123 89.4 0.0 0 0
D. Fruits Blackberries 15 40.0 0.0 0 0
Blueberries 18 55.6 0.0 0 0
Boysenberries 1 100.0 0.0 0 0
Cranberries 8 62.5 0.0 0 0
Currants 5 0.0 100.03 0 5
Grapes, raisins 15 66.7 0.0 0 0
Raspberries 11 54.5 0.0 0 0
Strawberries 55 34.5 0.0 0 0
Grapefruit 14 35.7 0.0 0 0
Lemons 19 21.1 0.0 0 0
Oranges 177 54.2 0.0 0 0
Other citrus fruit 10 50.0 0.0 0 0
Apples 194 35.1 0.0 0 0
Pears 34 44.1 0.0 0 0
Other core fruit 1 100.0 0.0 0 0
Apricots 13 15.4 7.7 0 1
Avocadoes 4 100.0 0.0 0 0
Cherries 38 13.1 2.6 1 0
Nectarines 8 50.0 0.0 0 0
Peaches 89 21.3 1.1 0 1
Plums 12 50.0 0.0 0 0
Other pit fruit 1 100.0 0.0 0 0
Bananas, plantains 6 66.7 0.0 0 0
Papaya 1 0.0 0.0 0 0
Pineapple 1 100.0 0.0 0 0
Cantaloupe 18 33.3 5.6 0 1
Watermelon 18 94.4 0.0 0 0
Other melons 12 75.0 0.0 0 0
Other fruits 15 53.3 6.7 0 1
Apple juice 37 67.6 0.0 0 0
Orange juice 6 66.7 0.0 0 0
Other fruit juices 4 100.0 0.0 0 0
Fruit jams/jellies/pastes/toppings 8 25.0 0.0 0 0
Total 868 42.9 1.2 1 9
E. Vegetables Corn 65 95.4 0.0 0 0
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet) 18 83.3 11.1 0 2
String beans (green/snap/pole/long) 88 61.4 1.1 0 1
Other beans & peas & products 86 82.6 0.0 0 0
Cucumbers 54 61.1 0.0 0 0
Eggplant 13 92.3 0.0 0 0
Okra 6 100.0 0.0 0 0
Peppers, hot 11 45.5 0.0 0 0
Peppers, sweet 52 55.8 3.8 0 2
Squash/pumpkins 92 55.4 2.2 1 1
Tomatoes 115 54.8 0.0 0 0
Other fruiting vegetables 4 25.0 0.0 0 0
Asparagus 19 89.5 0.0 0 0
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage 7 28.6 0.0 0 0
Broccoli 27 70.4 0.0 0 0
Cabbage 78 80.8 1.3 0 1
Cauliflower 9 77.8 0.0 0 0
Celery 13 46.2 0.0 0 0
Collards 13 23.1 15.4 0 2
Endive 8 25.0 0.0 0 0
Kale 7 28.6 0.0 0 0
Lettuce, head 21 47.6 0.0 0 0
Lettuce, leaf 55 38.2 1.8 0 1
Mustard greens 12 33.3 0.0 0 0
Spinach 23 52.2 4.3 0 1
Other leaf & stem vegetables 27 55.6 11.1 0 3
Mushrooms and Truffles 6 16.7 0.0 0 0
Carrots 77 44.2 2.6 0 2
Onions/leeks/scallions/shallots 58 87.9 1.7 0 1
Potatoes 129 43.4 0.0 0 0
Radishes 13 38.5 7.7 0 1
Red beets 15 93.3 6.7 0 1
Sweet potatoes 42 59.5 2.4 1 0
Turnips 15 60.0 0.0 0 0
Other root & tuber vegetables 23 52.2 0.0 0 0
Vegetables, dried or paste 42 85.7 0.0 0 0
Other vegetables/vegetable products 40 62.5 0.0 0 0
Total 1383 61.9 1.5 2 19
F. Other Almonds 5 80.0 0.0 0 0
Beverages & water 4 100.0 0.0 0 0
Ginseng (including teas) 24 8.3 66.74 4 12
Honey & other sweeteners 16 100.0 0.0 0 0
Peanuts 4 75.0 0.0 0 0
Pecans 6 100.0 0.0 0 0
Spices, condiments, & flavors 5 60.0 0.0 0 0
Other nuts, edible seeds 11 100.0 0.0 0 0
Multiple foods (dinners, soup) 3 100.0 0.0 0 0
Nonfood items (animal feed) 5 60.0 0.0 0 0
Total 83 66.3 19.3 4 12
Total A-F:   2832 58.6 1.8 8 43

1 Includes samples with residues over an established tolerance or action level, and samples with residues that have no established tolerance for the commodity.

2 Residue exceeded an action level rather than a tolerance.

3 "Currants" violations -  Consisted of a single episode, i.e., includes 4 follow-up compliance samples collected from same dealer and grower after a single surveillance sample was found to contain an unapproved pesticide.

4 Ginseng violations - all were dietary supplements; 7 of 16 violations were of U.S. products containing ginseng of foreign origin.   Three samples in violation contained both residues exceeding an action level and residues with no tolerance, and are reported here as "Violations Over Tolerance". 

 

Appendix B

Results of FY 2004 Import Samples by Commodity Group
Commodity Group Total
Samples Analyzed
Samples Without
Residues %
Samples
Violative1 %
Violations Over
Tolerance #
Violations No
Tolerance #
A. Grains and
Grain Products
Barley & barley products 4 100.0 0.0 0 0
Corn & corn products 3 100.0 0.0 0 0
Oats & oat products 9 77.8 0.0 0 0
Rice & rice products 35 88.6 2.9 1 0
Wheat & wheat products 19 79.0 0.0 0 0
Other grains & grain products 22 81.8 0.0 0 0
Breakfast cereals 8 75.0 0.0 0 0
Bakery products, crackers, snack foods, etc. 15 93.3 0.0 0 0
Pasta and noodles 15 73.3 0.0 0 0
Total 130 83.8 0.8 1 0
B. Milk/Dairy
Products/Eggs
Cheese & cheese products 2 100.0 0.0 0 0
Eggs 11 63.6 0.0 0 0
Milk/cream & milk products 5 100.0 0.0 0 0
Total 18 77.8 0.0 0 0
C. Fish/Shellfish/Other
Aquatic Products
Fish and Fish Products 122 82.0 0.0 0 0
Crustaceans 7 100.0 0.0 0 0
Aquaculture Fish & Shellfish 36 97.2 0.0 0 0
Other Aquatic Animals & Products 2 100.0 0.0 0 0
Total 167 86.0 0.0 0 0
D. Fruits Blackberries 45 37.8 6.7 0 3
Blueberries 64 79.7 0.0 0 0
Cranberries 5 80.0 0.0 0 0
Grapes, raisins 78 37.2 3.8 1 2
Raspberries 69 46.4 1.4 0 1
Strawberries 121 47.1 5.0 0 6
Other berries 15 66.7 20.0 0 3
Clementines 4 0.0 0.0 0 0
Grapefruit 7 85.7 0.0 0 0
Lemons 5 60.0 0.0 0 0
Limes 4 75.0 0.0 0 0
Oranges 19 63.2 5.3 0 1
Other citrus fruit 3 66.7 0.0 0 0
Apples 47 44.7 2.1 0 1
Pears 46 67.4 2.2 0 1
Other pome fruit 1 0.0 0.0 0 0
Apricots 12 16.7 0.0 0 0
Avocadoes 18 100.0 0.0 0 0
Cherries 38 34.2 10.5 0 4
Dates 12 75.0 8.3 0 1
Nectarines 16 0.0 0.0 0 0
Olives 27 70.4 3.7 0 1
Peaches 21 38.1 4.8 0 1
Plums 33 18.2 3.0 0 1
Other pit fruit 4 100.0 0.0 0 0
Ackees, lychees, longans 4 100.0 0.0 0 0
Bananas, plantains 39 79.5 0.0 0 0
Breadfruit & jackfruit 14 100.0 0.0 0 0
Figs 3 100.0 0.0 0 0
Guavas 2 50.0 50.0 0 1
Kiwi fruit 10 80.0 10.0 0 1
Passion fruit 10 90.0 10.0 0 1
Mangoes 54 88.9 1.9 0 1
Papaya 104 35.6 16.3 1 16
Pineapple 31 54.8 3.2 0 1
Other sub-tropical fruit 53 64.2 15.1 1 7
Bitter melon 12 41.2 25.0 0 3
Cantaloupe 16 18.8 0.0 0 0
Honeydew 26 42.3 0.0 0 0
Watermelon 17 70.6 0.0 0 0
Other melons 6 66.7 16.7 0 1
Other fruits 17 76.5 5.9 0 1
Apple juice 56 92.9 0.0 0 0
Citrus juice 16 6.2 0.0 0 0
Other fruit juices 138 83.3 1.4 0 2
Fruit  jams /jellies/pastespulp/toppings 271 70.8 5.9 1 2 25
Total 1613 61.1 5.6 4 86
E. Vegetables Corn 36 97.2 2.8 0 1
Mung beans & mung bean sprouts 15 73.0 0.0 0 0
Peas (green/snow/sugar/sweet) 105 69.5 13.3 1 13
String beans (green/snap/pole/long) 125 51.2 8.0 1 9
Other beans, corn, peas & their products 146 77.4 6.2 13 8
Cucumbers 113 50.4 5.3 0 6
Eggplant 73 84.9 5.5 0 4
Okra 25 80.0 16.0 0 4
Peppers, hot 252 52.8 8.7 0 22
Peppers, sweet 280 62.5 5.7 1 15
Squash/pumpkins 162 40.1 1.9 0 3
Tomatoes 189 70.4 2.1 0 4
Tomatillo (husk tomato) 21 61.9 4.8 0 1
Other fruiting vegetables 53 75.5 11.3 0 6
Artichokes 12 83.3 0.0 0 0
Asparagus 89 89.9 0.0 0 0
Bamboo shoots 5 100.0 0.0 0 0
Bok choy & Chinese cabbage 14 64.3 0.0 0 0
Broccoli 53 66.0 0.0 0 0
Cabbage 16 68.8 0.0 0 0
Cauliflower 19 5.3 0.0 0 0
Celery 24 33.3 8.3 0 2
Chicory leaf, Withloof 10 90.0 10.0 0 1
Collards 1 100.0 0.0 0 0
Endive 7 100.0 0.0 0 0
Kale 13 0.0 0.0 0 0
Lettuce, head 12 50.0 0.0 0 0
Lettuce, leaf 13 30.8 0.0 0 0
Mustard greens 6 16.7 0.0 0 0
Radicchio 7 85.7 14.3 0 1
Spinach 25 52.0 0.0 0 0
Brussel sprouts 30 83.3 0.0 0 0
Other leaf & stem vegetables 124 71.8 12.9 12,3 15
Mushrooms and Truffles 35 91.4 2.9 0 1
Carrots 36 77.8 0.0 0 0
Cassava 12 91.7 0.0 0 0
Garlic 11 100.0 0.0 0 0
Onions/leeks/scallions/shallots 196 56.1 2.6 0 5
Potatoes 32 62.5 6.2 1 1
Radishes 35 37.1 2.9 0 1
Red beets 10 40.0 10.0 0 1
Sweet potatoes/yams 20 90.0 0.0 0 0
Turnips 4 50.0 25.0 0 1
Water chestnuts 13 84.6 15.4 0 2
Other root & tuber vegetables 46 78.3 13.0 0 6
Vegetables with sauce 17 94.1 0.0 0 0
Vegetables, dried or paste 227 73.1 6.2 12 13
Other vegetables/vegetable products 50 72.0 16.0 0 8
Total 2819 65.4 5.7 7 154
F. Other Cashews 16 93.8 0.0 0 0
Pecans 10 100.0 0.0 0 0
Peanuts & peanut products 7 100.0 0.0 0 0
Soybeans 7 57.1 28.6 0 2
Other nuts & nut products 12 91.2 0.0 0 0
Edible seeds & seed products 28 89.3 3.6 0 1
Vegetable oils 4 100.0 0.0 0 0
Spices & condiments & flavors 62 67.7 14.5 1 2 8
Beverages & water 17 100.0 0.0 0 0
Beverage bases 11 100.0 0.0 0 0
Coffee/tea/wine/liquor 7 85.7 0.0 0 0
Honey 46 97.8 0.0 0 0
Other sweetners 6 100.0 0.0 0 0
Baby foods/formula 17 88.2 5.9 0 1
Ginseng (dietary supplements) 18 11.1 55.6 1 2 9
Other supplements/botanicals/teas 42 74.5 4.8 0 2
Other food products, incl. prepared/multiple foods 13 92.3 0.0 0 0
Nonfood items 3 100.0 0.0 0 0
Total 326 82.8 7.7 2 23
Total A-F 5073 66.4 5.5 14 263

 

1 Includes samples with residues over an established tolerance or action level, and samples with residues that have no established tolerance for the commodity.

2 Sample contained both an over tolerance residue and one or more no tolerance residue(s).

 

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