Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) Regulations

FDA ensures the quality of drug products by carefully monitoring drug manufacturers' compliance with its Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) regulations.  The CGMP regulations for drugs contain minimum requirements for the methods, facilities, and controls used in manufacturing, processing, and packing of a drug product.  The regulations make sure that a product is safe for use, and that it has the ingredients and strength it claims to have.

The approval process for new and generic drug marketing applications includes a review of the manufacturer's compliance with the CGMPs.  FDA assessors and inspectors determine whether the firm has the necessary facilities, equipment, and ability to manufacture the drug it intends to market.

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).  FDA's portion of the CFR is in Title 21, which interprets the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and related statutes, including the Public Health Service Act. The pharmaceutical or drug quality-related regulations appear in several parts of Title 21, including sections in parts 1-99, 200-299, 300-499, 600-799, and 800-1299.

The regulations enable a common understanding of the regulatory process by describing the requirements to be followed by drug manufacturers, applicants, and FDA.

  • 21 CFR Part 314 and Part 600. Application and licensing submission requirements for new and generic drug applicants.

  • 21 CFR Part 210.  Current Good Manufacturing Practice in Manufacturing Processing, packing, or Holding of Drugs.

  • 21 CFR Part 211.  Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Finished Pharmaceuticals.

The following pages provide more information with respect to regulations for particular product types and manufacturing considerations:

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