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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

About FDA

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Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research

Modern federal oversight of biological products began under the 1902 Biologics Control Act, which the Hygienic Laboratory of the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service carried out. With the creation of the National Institutes of Health from the Hygienic Laboratory, regulatory authority remained at NIH until 1972, when it was transferred to FDA.