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1999F-4372
BKG 1
Volume 9

Reference List

Reference 4 - Memorandum for FAP 9M4682 from E. Jensen, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA, August 2, 2002

Reference 7 - Memorandum for FAP 9M4682 from K. Morehouse, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA, July 15, 2005

Reference 8 - Memorandum for FAP 9M4695 from I. Chen, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA, April 7, 2003

Reference 9 - Uderdal, B., J. Nordal, G. Lunde, and B. Eggum. "The effect of ionizing radiation on the nutritional value of fish (cod) protein," Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft Technologie, 6: 90-93 (1973) Published Material

Reference 10 - von Sonnag, C., "Free-radical reactions of carbohydrates as studies by radiation techniques, Adv. Carbohydr. Chem. Biochem. 37: 7-77 (1980) Published Material

Reference 12 - Delincee, H., "Recent advances in radiation chemistry of lipids," in Recent Advances in Food Irradiation, P.S. Elias and A.J. Coehn, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 89-114 (1983) Published Material

Reference 13 - Kavalam, J.P., and W.W. Nawar, "Effects of ionizing radiation on some vegetable fats," Journal American Oil Chemical Society, 46: 387-390 (1969) Published Material

Reference 14 - Nawar, W.W., "Thermal Degradationof Lipids. A Review," Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry 17(10): 18-21 (1969) Published Material

Reference 15 - Crone A.V.J., Hamilton, J.T.G., and M.H. Stevenson, "Effect of Storage and Cooking on the Dose Response of 2-Dodecylcylobutanone, a Potential Marker for Irradiated Chicken, J. Sci. Food Agric., 58: 249-252 (1992) Published Material

Reference 16 - Gadgil, P., Hachmeister, K.A., Smith, J.S., and D.H. Kropf, "2-Alkylcyclobutanones as Irradiation Dose Indicators in Irradiated Ground Beef Patties," J. Agric. Food Chem., 50: 5746-5750 (2002) Published Material

Reference 17 - Adams, S., G. Paul, D. Ehlerman, "Influence of Ionizing Radiation on the Fatty Acid Composition of Herring Fillets," Radiat. Phys. Chem. 20: 289-295 (1982). Published Material

Reference 18 - Armstrong, S.G. Wylie, S.G., and D.N. Leach, "Effects of Preservation by Gamma-Irradiation on the Nutritional Quality of Australian Fish," Food Chemistry 50: 351-357 (1994) Published Material

Reference 19 - Sant'Ana, L.S. and J. Mancini-Filho "Influence of the Addition of Antioxidants in Vivo on the Fatty Acid Composition of Fish Fillets" Food Chemistry 68: 175-178 (2000) Published Material

Reference 20 - Status Report on Food Irradiation, IAEA Headquarters, Vienna, Austria, 20-22 October, 1998

Reference 21 - Morehouse, K.M., Y. Ku, "Gas Chromatographic and Electron Spin Resonance Investigations of Gamm-Irradiated Shrimp," J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(10), 1963-1971 (1992) Published Material

Reference 23 - Buck, J.D., "Potentially Pathogenic Vibrio spp. In Market Seafood and Natural Habitats from Southern New England and Florida," J. of Aquatic Food Product Tech., 7(4): 53-61 (1998) Published Material

Reference 25 - Memorandum for FAP 9M4682 from R. Merker, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA January 2, 2003

Reference 26 - Tauxe, R.W., Emerg. Infect Dis., 7: 516-21 (2001) Published Material

Reference 28 - Cotton, P.A., Subar, A.F., Friday, J.E., Cook, A., "Dietary Sources of Nutrients Among US Adults, 1994 to 1996," J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 104: 921-930 (2004) Published Material

Reference 29 - Anderson D, M.J.L. Clapp, M.C.E. Hodge, and T.M. Weight, "Irradiated laboratory animal diets - Dominant lethal studies in the mouse," Mutation Research: 80: 333-345 (1981) Published Material

Reference 30 - Bugyaki L., A.R. Deschreiaer, and J. Moutschen, "Do Irradiated Foodstuffs Have a Radiomimetic Effect: II. Trials with Mice Fed Wheat Meal Irradiated at 5 MRad," Atompraxis, 14-112 (1968) Published Material

Reference 31 - Moutschen-Dahmen M, Moutschen, and L. Ehrenberg, "Pre-implantation death of mouse eggs caused by irradiated food," Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 18: 201-216 (1970) Published Material

Reference 32 - Johnston-Arthur T, M. Brena-Valle, K. Twanitz, R. Hruby, and G. Stehuk, "Mutagenicity of irradiated food in the host-mediated assay system," Studia Biophysica Berlin, 50: 137-141 (1975) Published Material

Reference 33 - Kesavan, P.C. and Swaminathan, M.S.; Cytoxic and mutagenic Effects of Irradiated Substances and Food Material; Radiation Botanay; Vol 11; pp 253-281; (1971) Published Material

Reference 34 - Verschuurn, H.G., Esch, G.J., and Kooy, J.G.; Ninety Day Rat Feed Study of Irradiated Strawberries; Food Irradiation; 7(1-2); pp A17-A21; (1966) Published Material

Reference 35 - Memorandum form Food additives Evaluation Branch, HFF-156 to C. Takaguchi, Ph.D., Petition Control Branch, December 28, 1982

Reference 36 - Bureau of Foods Irradiated Foods Committee, Recommendationsfor Evaluating Safety of Irradiated Food, Prepared for the Director, Bureau of Foods, FDA, July 1980

Reference 38 - Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, European Nuclear Energy Agency, Steering Committee for Nuclear Energy Study Group on Food Irradiation, On Genetic Effects Produced by Irradiated Foods and Food Components, Scarascia-Mugnozza, G.T., Natarajan, A.T., and L. Ehrenberg, (1965)

Reference 39a - Miesch, M., Ndiye, B., Hasselmann, C., and E. Marchioni, "2-Alkylcyclobutanones as markers for irradiated food stuffs - I. Sysnthesis of saturated and un saturated standards," Rad. Phys. And Chem., 55: 337-344 (1999) Published Material

Reference 39b - Horvatovich, P., Miesch, M., Hasselmann, C., and E. Marchioni, "Supercritical fluid extractin of hydrocarbons and 2-alkylcyclobutanones for the detection of irradiated foodstuffs," J. of Chromatography, 897: 259-268 (2000) Published Material

Reference 40 - Delincee H, B.L. Pool-Zobel, and G. Rechkemmer "Genotoxicity of 2-dodecyclcyclobutanone," Food Irradiation: Fifth German Conference, Report BFE-R-99-01, Federal Nutrition Research Institute, Karlsruhe, Germnay (unpublished, 1998)

Reference 41 - Memorandum for FAP 9M4682 from R. Sotomayer, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA, April 28, 2003

Reference 42 - Sommers C.H., and R.H. Schiestl, "2-Dodecylcylobutanone does not induce mutations in the Salmonella mutagenicity test or intrachromosomal recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, J Food Prot. 67(6): 1293-8 (2004) Published Material

Reference 43 - Sommers, H., "2-Dodecylcyclobutanone Does Not Induce Mutations in the Escherichia coli Tryptophan Reverse Mutation Assay," J. Agric. Food Chem., 51:6367-6370 (2003) Published Material

Reference 44 - Gadgil, P. and J.S. Smith, "Mutagenicity and Acute Toxicity Evaluation of 2-Dodecylcyclobutanone," Journal of Food Science, 69(9), 713-716 (2004) Published Material

Reference 45 - Delincee H, and BL Pool-Zobel, "Genotoxic properties of 2-dedecyclcyclobutanone, a compound formed on irradiation of food containing fat," Radiation Physics and Chemistry 52: 39-42 (1998) Published Material

Reference 46 - Henderson, L., A Wolfreys, J Fedyk, C Bourner and S Windebank "The ability of the Comet assay to discriminate between genotoxins and cytotoxins," Mutagenesis, 13: 89-94, (1998) Published Material

Reference 47 - Victoria, A., J. Crone, J.T.G. Hamilton, and M. Hilary Stevenson, "Detection of 2-dodecylcylobutanone in radiation sterilized chicken meat stored for several years," Int. Jrnl. of Food Sci. and Tech., 27: 691-696 (1992) Published Material

Reference 48 - Marchioni, E., Raul, F., Burnouf, D., Miesch, M., Delincee, H., Hartwig, A., Werner, D.; "Toxicology study on 2-alkylcyclobutanones - results of a collaborative study;" Radiation Chemistry and Physics, 71: 147-150 (2004) Published Material

Reference 49 - Raul, F., F. Gosse, H. Delincee, A. Hartwig, E. Marchioni, M.Miesch, D. Werner, and D. Burnouf, "Food Borne Radiolytic Compounds (2-Alkylcyclobutanones) May Promote Experimental Colon Carcinogenesis," Nutrition and Cancer, 44(2): 181-191 (2002) Published Material

Reference 50 - Rao, C., "Do Irradiated Foods Cause or Promote Colon Cancer?" Division of Nutritional Carcinogenesis, Institute for Cancer Prevention, American Health Foundation - Cancer center, Valhalla, NY (Unpublished, 2003) FDA notes that this article has now been published as a commentary in Nutr. and Cancer, 46(2): 107-109 (2003) Published Material

Reference 52 - Memorandum for FAP 9M4682 from T. Twaroski, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA, July 14, 2005

Reference 53 - Mori H., Yamada Y., Kuno, T., and Y. Hirose, "Aberrant crypt foci and B-catenin accumulated crypts; significance and roles for colorectal carcinogenesis," Mut. Res., 566: 191-208 (2004) Published Material

Reference 54 - Kesavan, P.C. and P.V. Sukhatame. "Summary of the Technical Report on the Data of NIN," Hyderabad and BARC. Bombay on the Biological Effects of Freshly Irradiated Wheat. Report submitted to the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Planning (1976)

Reference 55 - Memorandum for FAP 4M4428, from D. Hattan, to FAP 4M4428; Further Evaluation of Toxicology Studies, Nobember 20, 1997

Reference 56 - Comment submitted to Henry Delincee to the docket

Reference 58 - Britto M.S., A.L.C.H. Villavicencio, and J. Mancini-filho, "Effects of irradiation on trans fatty acids in ground beef," Radiation Physics and Chemistry 63: 337-340 (2002) Published Material

Reference 59 - Memorandum for FAP 9M4682 from K. Morehouse, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA, July 15, 2005

Reference 60 - E-mail from Paul Kuznesof to L. Highbarger to be added to FAP 9M4682, April 28, 2003

Reference 61 - Jaarma, M., "Studies of Chemical and Enzymatical Changes in Potato Tubers and some Highber Plants caused by Ionizing Radiation, Including Studies on the Wholesomeness of gamma-Irradiated Potato Tubers and Effects on Some Carbohydrates in vitro, Biokemiska Institutionen, Kuugl, Univeritetet I Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden (1967) Published Material

Reference 62 - Memorandum 2 for FAP 9M4682 from T. Twaroski, FDA, to L. Highbarger, FDA, July 14, 2005

Reference 63 - Jaarma, M., G. "Bengtsson On the wholesomeness of gamma-irradiated Potatoes II. Feeding experiments with pigs" Nutr. Dieta 8: 109-129 (1966). Published Material

Reference 64 - Stephansson, O., Dickman, P.W., Johansson, A., and S. Cnattingus, "Material Hemoglobin Concentration During Pregnancy and Risk of Stillbirthm," J. Am. Med. Ass., 248(20): 2611-2617 (2000) Published Material


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