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1995S-0316
RPT 281
Volume 218

Cover Page, Letter from CFSAN to Rainforest Botanicals LLC

Purple Corn Extract: NDI Application

Reference 1 - Brack-Egg A. Diccionario Enciclopedico de Plantas Utiles del Peru. Cuzco, Peru: Imprenta del Centro Bartolome de Las Casas; 1999: 537-538. Published Material

Reference 2 - Specifications sheet, purple corn extract (PurpleX). Rainforest Botanicals, LLC, Miami, FL; 2005.

Reference 3 - Anthocyanin assay of purple corn extract for Ashaninka Imports. ALPHA Job # 12211. Eurofins Scientific, 1365 Redwood Way, Potaluma, CA 94954. Dec 27, 2001.

Reference 4 - Total phenolics assay of purple corn extract for Ashaninka Imports. ALPHA Job # 12386. Eurofins Scientific, 1365 Redwood Way, Potaluma, CA 94954. Jan 21, 2002.

Reference 5 - Chemical analysis of purple corn extract for Laboratorios Fitofarma E.I.R.L. International Analytical Services S.A.C., Lima, Peru. Informe de Ensayo No. 9605/03. Nov. 17, 2003.

Reference 6 - Cevallos-Casals BA, Cisneros-Zevallos L. Stoichiometric and kinetic studies of phenolic antioxidants from Andean purple corn and red-fleshed sweetpotato. J Agric Food Chem. 2003; 51(11): 3313-3319. Published Material

Reference 7 - de Pascual-Teresa S, Santos-Buelga C, Rivas-Gonzalo J C. LC-MS analysis of anthocyanins from purple corn cob. J Sci Food Agric. 2002; 82(9): 1003-1006. Published Material

Reference 8 - Nakatani N, Fukuda H, Fuwa H. Major anthocyanin of Bolivian purple corn Zea mays. Agric Biol Chem. 1979; 43(2): 389-392. Published Material

Reference 9 - Rossi A, Serraino I, Dugo P, et al. Protective effects of anthocyanins from blackberryin a rat model of acute lung inflammation. Free Radic Res. 2003; 37(8): 891-900. Published Material

Reference 10 - Amorini AM, Fazzina G, Lazzarino G, Tavazzi B, Di Pierre D, Santucci R, Sinibaldi F, Galvauo F, Galvano G. Activity and mechanism of the antioxidant properties of cyanidin-3-O-B-glucopyranoside. Free Radic Res. 2001; 35: 953-966. Published Material

Reference 11 - Garcia-Beneytez E, CabeIIo F, and Revilla E. Analysis of.grape and wine anthocyanins by HPLC-MS. J Agric Food Chem. 2003; 51(19): 5622-5629. Published Material

Reference 12 - Heavy metals and pesticides assay of purple corn extract for Laboratorios Fitofarma E.I.R.L. International Analytical Services S.A.C., Lima, Peru. Informe de Ensayo No. 7567/03. Sept. 8, 2003.

Reference 13 - Caffeine content assay for Ashaninka Imports. ALPHA Job # 15723, Eurofins Scientific, 1365 Redwood Way, Potaluma, CA 94954. March 14, 2003.

Reference 14 - Oral LD50 test of purple corn extract in rats for Laboratorios Fitofarma E.I.R.L. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, Urb. Ingenieria, San Martin de Porres, Peru. Iuforme de Ensayo No. P015799/02. Oct. 18, 2002.

Reference 15 - Hagiwara A, Miyashita K, Nakanishi T, Sano M, Tamano S, Kadota T, Koda T, Nakamura M, Imaida K, Ito N, Shirai T. Pronounced inhibition by a natural anthocyanin, purple corn color, of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazol[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP)-associated colorectal carcinogenesis in male F344 rats pretreated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine. Cancer Lett. 2001; 171: 17-25. Published Material

Reference 16 - Tsuda T, Horio F, Uchida K, Aoki H, Osawa T. Dietary cyanidin 3-O-B-D-glucoside-rich purple corn color prevents obesity and ameliorates hyperglycemia in mice. J Nutr. 2003;133(7): 2125-2130. Published Material

Reference 17 - Kawazoe S, Hojo Y, Mizutani T. Evaluation of hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity of natural food colorants in mice depleted of giutathione by DL-buthionine sulfoximine. J Health Sci. 2000; 46: 56-58. Published Material


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