Reference 1 - Letter from A. Rulis, Office of Food Additive Safety, to J. Lemker, Bell, Boyd, and Lloyd, LLC, "Agency Response Letter, GRAS Notice No. GRN 000058," October 1, 2001.
Reference 2 - Select Committee on GRAS Substances, Life Sciences Research Office, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, "Evaluation of the Health Aspects of Gum Arabic as a Food Ingredient," March, 1973.
Reference 3 - Memorandum from M. DiNovi, Chemistry Review Branch, to R. Martin, Direct Additives Branch, "GRP 3G0287: Beatrice Foods. Gum Arabic as a Stabilizer in Alcoholic Beverage Mixes,'' March 7, 1994.
Reference 4 - Memorandum from J. Modderman, Food Additive Chemistry Review Branch, to L. Mansor, GRAS Review Branch, ``GRASP 3G0287 -- Gum Arabic. Beatrice Foods Co.,'' November 21, 1983.
Reference 5 - Memorandum of Conference, Cancer Assessment Committee Meeting, ``Gum Arabic,'' January 6, 1998.
Reference 6 - "Toxicological Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants," WHO Food Additives Series 26, No. 686, 1990.
Reference 7 - Memorandum from J. Griffiths, Additives Evaluation Branch, to C. Coker, Case and Advisory Branch, "Gum Arabic and Immunogenicity; updated literature survey," March 8, 1988.
Reference 8 - Memorandum from J. Griffiths, Additives Evaluation Branch, to E. Flamm, Direct Additives Branch, "Gum Arabic and Immunogenicity; literature from Dr. D. M. W. Anderson," November 9, 1988.
Reference 9 - Memorandum from C. Johnson, Additives Evaluation Branch 1, to R. Martin, Direct Additives Branch, "Gum Arabic in Alcoholic Beverages: Final Toxicology Evaluation," April 8, 1996.