Otitis Media Epidemiology and Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae

2/9/01


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Table of Contents

Otitis Media Epidemiology and Drug-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae

Acute Otitis Media in the US

Acute Otitis Media in the 1990s Multiple Episodes in the First Years of Life* (US)

Bacteriology of AOM

Bacteriology of Severe and Mild AOM

Viral-Bacterial Etiology of AOM

Otitis Media Pathogenesis

Consequences of Otitis Media

Pneumococcal Disease in the US approximate cases per year

Pneumococcal Disease: Pathogenesis

Pediatric Carriage Rates

U.S. Antimicrobial Resistance Trends Among Respiratory Tract Pathogens

Streptococcus pneumoniae: Patterns of Penicillin Nonsusceptibility

Penicillin Nonsusceptibility Among Isolates Causing Invasive Pneumococcal Disease*

Penicillin Susceptibility by Region

Pneumococcal Susceptibilities: US 1996-97

Pneumococcal Susceptibilities: US 1996-97

Pneumococcal Susceptibility by Specimen Source

Pneumococcal Susceptibility by Age

Pneumococcal Susceptibilities: US 1998 CDC – 7 Cities – 16.5 million population

Pneumococcal Susceptibilities: US 1998 CDC – 7 Cities – 16.5 million population

Increasing Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Pneumococci in the US

Pneumococcal Resistance to Penicillin by Serotype in Children ɝ Years: US 1998

Child Care Effect on OM: % URIs Complicated by OM

Prevalence of Pneumococcal Carriage Among Day Care Center Children With 3 Cases of MDRSP-14 Meningitis (DCC-A)

Distribution of Unique Pneumococcal Strains Among 264 Children in 8 Day Care Centers Beer-Sheva, Israel: 10/96 – 2/97

Chemoprophylaxis Effect on Pneumococcal Carriage

Markers of Antibiotic Effectiveness

PPT Slide

AOM: Clinical Response to Placebo or Amoxicillin

Clinical vs. Bacteriologic Outcomes in 293 Children with Bacterial AOM

Bacteriologic Failure in 2-Tap Studies

The “Pollyanna Phenomenon” in AOM Treatment Trials

Antibiotic Treatment Failure

Pediatric Carriage Rates

PPT Slide

Author: G. Scott Giebink