Immunonutrition in the Critically Ill: a Systematic Review of Clinical Outcomes (12 studies with 1,557 subjects, 1,482 of whom were analyzed)
“Objective: To perform a meta-analysis addressing whether enteral nutrition with immune-enhancing feeds benefit critically ill patients after trauma, sepsis, or major surgery.”
“Main outcome measures were mortality, infection,ventilator days, intensive care unit stay, hospital stay, diarrhea days, calorie intake and nitrogen intake.”
- Beale, R., Crit. Care Med. 1999, Dec.;27(12):2799-805.