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Volume IV - 12.3 Laboratory Radiation Detection Instrumentation

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Orientation and Training

Food and Drug Administration


Section 12 - Radioactivity

EFFECTIVE DATE: 10-01-03 REVISED: 02-14-13

A.  Objective

To familiarize the trainee with the radionuclide laboratory equipment.

B.  Assignment

The trainer will discuss the location, care, and calibration procedures for equipment found in the radionuclide laboratory.  The training exercises include calibration of the instruments defined below.

Typical equipment found in the radionuclide laboratory may include the following:

  1. low level gas-flow proportional counter,
  2. low background beta counter,
  3. liquid scintillation counter,
  4. alpha spectrophotometer,
  5. ionization chamber,
  6. solid state silicon surface barrier detector, 
  7. high purity germanium detector,
  8. sodium iodide detector
  9. ICP Mass Spectrometer , and 
  10. x-ray detector.

C.  Questions

  1. Describe the theory of operation and its application in the laboratory for the following:  a proportional counter, a scintillation counter, and a solid state detector coupled to a multichannel analyzer.

D.  References

  1. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (current edition). RH102 FDA Basic radiation safety course resource manual
  2. US Food and Drug Administration (current edition) ORA Radiation Safety Manual SOP.
  3. US. Food and Drug Administration, (current edition) Winchester Engineering and Analytical Center Radiation Safety Manual SOP
  4. Friedlander, G., Kennedy, J., Macias, E., Miller, J. (1981).  Nuclear and radiochemistry  (3rd ed.).  New York: John Wiley & Son
  5. Dean, J. Analytical chemistry handbook (1st ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.