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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Safety

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Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP, 7.5% and 8.4%, 50 mL Single Dose Vials - Recall Due to Particulates in Some Vials

[Posted 12/29/2010]

 

AUDIENCE: Hospital Risk Managers, Pharmacy, Emergency Medicine

ISSUE: American Regent and FDA notified healthcare professionals of the nationwide recall of  specific lots of Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP, 7.5% and 8.4%, 50 mL Single Dose Vials because some vials of these lots contain particulates. Potential adverse events after intravenous administration include damage to blood vessels in the lung, localized swelling, and granuloma formation.

BACKGROUND: Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP, is indicated in the treatment of metabolic acidosis which may occur in severe renal disease, uncontrolled diabetes, circulatory insufficiency due to shock or severe dehydration, extracorporeal circulation of blood, cardiac arrest and severe primary lactic acidosis. Sodium bicarbonate is further indicated in the treatment of certain drug intoxications, including barbiturates (where dissociation of the barbiturate-protein complex is desired), in poisoning by salicylates or methyl alcohol and in hemolytic reactions requiring alkalinization of the urine to diminish nephrotoxicity of blood pigments. Sodium bicarbonate is also indicated in severe diarrhea which is often accompanied by a significant loss of bicarbonate.

RECOMMENDATION: Hospitals, infusion centers, clinics and other healthcare facilities should not use American Regent Inc., Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP, 7.5% and 8.4%, 50 mL Single Dose Vials with the lot #s list in the firm press release for patient care and should immediately quarantine any product for return.

Healthcare professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program:

  • Complete and submit the report Online: www.fda.gov/MedWatch/report.htm
  • Download form or call 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting form, then complete and return to the address on the pre-addressed form, or submit by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178

 

[12/28/2010 - Firm Press Release - American Regent]