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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Safety

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Baxter HomeChoice and HomeChoice PRO Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Systems: Class I Recall

Audience: Nephrology healthcare professionals, patients

[Posted 03/03/2010] FDA and Baxter notified healthcare professionals of a Class I recall of the HomeChoice and HomeChoice PRO Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Systems, which are prescription medical devices used to treat pediatric and adult patients with kidney failure. Reports of serious injuries and at least one death have been associated with increased Intraperitoneal Volume (IIPV), also known as overfill of the abdominal cavity. IIPV may result in serious injury or death from conditions including but not limited to: abdominal wall and/or diaphragmatic hernias, hydrothorax, heart failure, acute hypertension, pulmonary edema, decreased pulmonary function, pericardial effusion, and peritonitis.

Children and non-verbal patients may be at increased risk because of their smaller size or inability to communicate. Increased monitoring of these patients is recommended. Other vulnerable populations include critically ill patients and patients with pulmonary and hemodynamic instability.

Patients and caregivers should watch for the potential signs of IIPV. If patients or caregivers notice any of the signs of IIPV, stop the device, initiate manual drain, and contact your doctor immediately. Clinicians should weigh the risks and benefits to continued use of these devices by their patients versus other forms of dialysis therapy. Clinicians should also review the prescription settings for patients who continue to use these devices. See the Recall Notice for a listing of affected models/product code numbers.

[03/03/2010 - Recall Notice - FDA]